Quyết định 1216/QD-TTg

Decision No. 1216/QD-TTg of July 22, 2011, approving the master plan on development of Vietnam's human resources during 2011-2020

Decision No. 1216/QD-TTg approving the master plan on development of Vietnam's đã được thay thế bởi Resolution 63/NQ-CP 2019 list of plannings for investment in specific goods services to be abrogated và được áp dụng kể từ ngày 26/08/2019.

Nội dung toàn văn Decision No. 1216/QD-TTg approving the master plan on development of Vietnam's


THE PRIME MINISTER
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SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF VIET NAM
Independence - Freedom – Happiness
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No. 1216/QD-TTg

Hanoi, July 22, 2011

 

DECISION

APPROVING THE MASTER PLAN ON DEVELOPMENT OF VIETNAM'S HUMAN RESOURCES DURING 2011-2020

THE PRIME MINISTER

Pursuant to the December 25, 2001 Law on Organization of the Government;

Pursuant to the June 14, 2005 Education Law and the November 25, 2009 Law Amending and Supplementing a Number of Articles of the Education Law;

Pursuant to the November 29, 2006 Law on Vocational Training;

Pursuant to the 2011-2020 socio-economic development strategy;

Pursuant to the strategy on development of Vietnam's human resources during 2011-2020;

At the proposal of the Minister of Planning and Investment in Report No. 3814/TTr-BKHDT of June 15, 2011, on the approval of the master plan on development of Vietnam's human resources during 2011-2020,

DECIDES:

Article 1. To approve the master plan on development of Vietnam's human resources during 2011 -2020 with the following contents:

I. DEVELOPMENT VIEWPOINTS AND OBJECTIVES

1. Viewpoints

a/ Development of human resources aims to successfully achieve the objectives of the 2011-2020 socio-economic development strategy;

b/ Development of Vietnam's human resources must have a long-term vision and appropriate steps to meet development requirements in each period;

c/ Development of human resources must ensure structural harmony and balance human resources in different sectors, regions, areas and territories;

d/ Development of Vietnam's human resources must meet international integration requirements.

2. Objectives

a/ Overall objectives

To identify the needs for sufficient, rationally structured and qualified human resources for successfully implementing the line on national industrialization and modernization, construc­tion and defense and rapidly developing sectors in which Vietnam has international comparative advantages; at the same time to put forward solutions for developing human resources and forming quality human resources up to regional standards and eventually international standards,

b/ Specific objectives

- To rapidly increase the rate of trained human resources in the economy in various forms and at different levels from 40% in 2010 to 70% by 2020, of which the rate of trained human resources in agriculture-forestry-fishery, industry, construction, and service sectors will increase from 15.5% to 50%, from 78% to 92%, from 41% to 56%, and from 67% to 88%, respectively;

- To comprehensively develop human resources with increasing quality and strong in all sectors, giving priority to sectors in which Vietnam has the competitive edge;

- To build a contingent of quality teachers to train qualified human resources for the country.

II. ORIENTATIONS FOR HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT THROUGH 2020

1. Development of human resources based on training grades

To rapidly increase the rate of trained human resources with a rational structure in the whole economy. The total number of trained laborers will be around 30.5 million by 2015 (accounting for around 55% of a total of 55 million laborers) and nearly 44 million by 2020 (around 70% of a total of nearly 63 million laborers). Of the total trained laborers, the number of laborers receiving vocational training will be around 23.5 million by 2015 (77%), and around 34.4 million by 2020 (78.5%); the number of laborers receiving training through the education-training system will be around 7 million by 2015 (23%), and around 9.4 million by 2020 (21.5%).

Regarding the structure of training grades, by 2015, the number of laborers receiving elementary, intermediate, collegial, tertiary and postgraduate vocational training will be around 18 million (some 59% of the total trained human resources), 7 million (around 23%), nearly 2 million (around 6%), 3.3 million (around 11%), and 200,000 (around 0.7%), respectively. By 2020, these figures will be around 24 million (some 54% of the total trained human resources), 12 million (around 27%), 3 million (around 7%), 5 million (around 11%), and around 300,000 (around 0.7%), respectively.

2. Development of human resources for various sectors

a/ Industry and construction

- To increase the number of laborers in the industrial and construction sector from 10.8 million in 2010 (accounting for 22% of the total human resources in the whole economy) to around 15 million by 2015 (27%) and around 20 million by 2020 (31 %), of which the number of laborers in industries will rise from 7.9 million by 2010 to around 10 million by 2015 and 11-12 million by 2020, and the number of laborers in construction will rise from 2.9 million by 2010 to around 5 million by 2015 and 8-9 million by 2020. The rate of trained laborers will increase from 69% out of the trained human resources in the industrial and construction sector in 2010 to 76% by 2015 and over 80% by 2020. Of the trained laborers, those receiving elementary, intermediate, collegial, tertiary and postgraduate vocational training will account for some 66.5% and 56%, 23.5% and 33.5%, 4% and 4%, and 6% and 6.5% by 2015 and 2020, respectively;

- In industries, the rate of trained human resources will increase from 78% in 2010 to around 82% by 2015 and 92% by 2020, of which the rate of laborers receiving elementary, intermediate, collegial, tertiary and postgraduate vocational training will account for some 66% and 51%, 23% and 37%, 4.5% and 5%, and 6.5% and 7% by 2015 and 2020, respectively;

- In construction, the rate of trained human resources will increase from 41% in 2010 to around 60% by 2015 and 65% by 2020, of which the rate of laborers receiving elementary, intermediate, collegial, tertiary and postgraduate vocational training will account for some 68.5% and 68%, 25% and 24%, 2% and 3%, and4.5% and 5%, respectively;

- During 2011-2020, around 35-40% of the total human resources trained in industry and 40-45% of the total human resources trained in construction will receive training and retraining to raise their professional qualifications and working skills.

b/ Services

- The number of laborers in the service sector will rise from 13 million in 2010 (accounting for around 26.8% of the total human resources) to around 15-16 million by 2015 and 17-19 million by 2020 (27-29% of the total human resources). The rate of trained laborers in this sector will increase from 67% in 2010 to around 80% by 2015 and 88% by 2020. Of the trained laborers, those receiving elementary, intermediate, collegial, tertiary and postgraduate vocational training will account for some 45% and 37%, 25% and 23%, 7.5% and 12%, and 22.5% and 27.5% by 2015 and 2020, respectively;

- During 2011 -2020, to provide training and retraining to raise professional qualifications and working skills for 30-35% of the total trained human resources in this sector.

c/ Agriculture, forestry and fishery

- The number of laborers in the agriculture, forestry and fishery sector was 24.9 million in 2010 (accounting for some 51% of the total human resources in the whole economy); and will be 24-25 million by 2015 (45-46%) and 22-24 million by 2020 (35-38%). The rate of trained human resources in this sector will rise from 15.5% in 2010 to around 28% by 2015 and 50% by 2020. Of the trained human resources, laborers receiving elementary, intermediate, collegial, tertiary and postgraduate vocational training will account for some 73% and 69.5%, 19% and 22.5%, 6.5% and 6%, and 1.5% and 2%, respectively. Particularly in fishery, the rate of trained human resources to the total human resources will increase from 28.4% in 2010 to around 45% by 2015 and 68% by 2020;

- During 2011-2020, to provide training and retraining to raise professional qualifications and working skills for 40-45% of the total human resources in this sector.

3. Development of human resources in some specific economic sectors a/ Transport

- The total number of laborers in the transport sector will be 550,000 and over 630,000 by 2015 and 2020, of which the rate of trained human resources will be around 94% and 97%, respectively. Of the trained human resources, laborers receiving elementary, intermediate, collegial, tertiary and postgraduate vocational training will account for some 6% and 4.5%, 57.5% and 58%, 27.5% and 28%, and 9% and 9.5%, respectively;

- During 2011-2020, to provide training and retraining to raise professional qualifications and working skills for 30-35% of the total human resources.

b/ Natural resources and environment

- During 2011-2015, to provide university training and advanced training in natural resources and environment for 6,000-8,000 officers; to provide master training for 800-1,000 officers and doctoral training for 150-200 officers. To annually provide refresher professional training for 5,000-7,000, 6,000-10,000 and 10,000-15,000 officers of central, provincial-level and district-level agencies, respectively;

- During 2016-2020, to provide university training and advanced training in natural resources and environment for 3,000-4,000 officers; to provide master training for 2,000-2,500 officers and doctoral training for 300-500 officers. To annually provide refresher professional training for 6,000-8,000, 7,000-10,000 and 15,000-20,000 officers of central-, provincial-level, district-level agencies to raise their professional qualifications.

c/ Tourism

- The total number of laborers will be 620,000 and 870,000 by 2015 and 2020 respectively, of which the rate of trained human resources will be around 58%. Of the trained human resources, laborers receiving elementary, intermediate, collegial and tertiary, and postgraduate vocational training will account for some 43% and 43.5%, 27.5% and 25.5%, 28.5% and 29.5%, and 1% and 1.5% by 2015 and 2020, respectively;

- Of the trained human resources in the tourism sector, the rate of laborers receiving training and retraining to raise their professional qualifications and working skills will be 35-40% during 2011-2015 and 30-35% during 2016-2020.

d/ Banking

- The total number of laborers working in the banking sector will be around 240,000 by 2015 and 300,000 by 2020 and the rate of trained human resources will be around 87%. Of the total trained human resources, laborers receiving intermediate, collegial and tertiary, and postgraduate vocational training will be around 13%, 83% and 4%, respectively;

- Of the total trained human resources in this sector, the rate of those receiving training and retraining for raising their professional qualifications and working skills will be 10-15% during 2011-2015 and 5-10% during 2016-2020.

e/ Finance

- To train over 2.2 million and 1.6 million financial officers during 2011-2015 and 2016-2020, respectively, of whom those holding university or higher degree, collegial degree and intermediate degree will account for around 30.5% and31%, 19.5% and 20%, and50% and 49% by 2015 and 2020, respectively;

- To provide training for around 6,000 and 4,500 officers during 2011-2015 and 2016-2020, respectively, for raising their professional qualifications.

f/ Information technology

- The total number of laborers in this sector will be around 556,000 and 758,000 by 2015 and 2020, respectively, most of whom will be trained, and of whom those holding collegial, university or higher degree will account for 65% by 2015 and over 70% by 2020;

- Laborers who need training and retraining will account for 20-25% and 10-20% of the total trained human resources in this sector by 2015 and 2020, respectively.

g/ Nuclear energy

To prioritize development of human resources in this sector to meet requirements for safely and effectively building and developing this sector. To increase the total number of laborers in the sector to around 1,800 and 3,700 by 2015 and 2020, respectively, with 100% of them holding a university or postgraduate degree and 700 of them holding a master or doctoral degree.

h/ Training guest workers

In order to raise the effectiveness of the sending of guest workers, it is necessary to step up vocational orientation and training for skilled laborers various fields. The total number of laborers to be trained and sent abroad as guest workers will be 450,000 and 670,000 at different training levels during 2011-2015 and 2016-2095, respectively, with the majority of whom reaching an elementary or intermediate vocational level.

4. Human resources joining in development

a/ Leading officials: They are heads and deputy heads of Party, National Assembly and Government agencies, central youth union organizations and socio-political organizations; Party agencies, People's Councils, People's Committees, provincial-level departments and sectors and the like, and provincial-level youth union organizations and socio-political organizations.

- The total number of leading officials nationwide will be around 200,000, including over 120,000 officials holding a bachelor, master or doctoral degree, by 2015. By 2020, these figures will be 220,000 and 147,000;

- The total number of leading officials at all levels who need training will be around 20,000 and 15,000 during 2011-2015 and 2016-2020, respectively.

b/ Civil servants and public employees

- By 2015, the number of civil servants and public employees nationwide will be around 5.3 million, including 2.8 million employees having a bachelor, master or doctoral degree, accounting for some 52% of the total. By 2020, these figures will be 6 million, 3.8 million and 63%, respectively;

- The rate of civil servants and public employees who need training for raising their professional qualifications will be 20% and 15% of the total civil servants and public employees during 2011-2015 and 2016-2020, respectively.

c/ Entrepreneurs

- By 2015, there will be 1.5-2 million entrepreneurs nationwide, with 78% of whom holding a bachelor, master or doctoral degree;

- By 2020, there will be 2.5-3 million entrepreneurs nationwide, with 80% of whom holding a bachelor, master or doctoral degree.

d/ Scientists and technologists

- By 2015, the number of scientists and technologists will rise to 103,000, with around 28,000 of whom holding a postgraduate degree;

- By 2020, there will be around 154,000 scientists and technologists, with around 40,000 of whom holding a postgraduate degree,

e/ Teachers and lecturers

- Teachers and lecturers of professional secondary schools, colleges and universities

+ By 2015, the numbers of teachers and lecturers of professional secondary schools, colleges and universities will be around 38,000 with 30% of whom holding a master or higher degree; 33,500 with 6% of whom a holding doctoral degree; and 62,100, with 23% of whom holding a doctorate, respectively;

+ By 2020, the numbers of teachers and lecturers of professional secondary schools, colleges and universities will be around 48,000 with 38.5% of whom holding a master or higher degree; 44,200 with 8% of whom holding a doctorate; and 75,800, with 30% of whom holding a doctorate, respectively.

- Job teachers and trainers

+ By 2015, the numbers of job teachers and trainers at all levels will be around 51,000, including 13,000 teachers and lecturers for collegial-level job training, 24,000 teachers and lecturers for intermediate-level job training, and 14,000 teachers and lecturers for elementary-level job training;

+ By 2020, the numbers of job teachers and trainers at all levels will be around 77,000, including 28,000 teachers and lecturers for collegial-level training, 31,000 teachers and lecturers for intermediate-level job training, and 28,000 teachers and lecturers for elementary-level job training.

f/ Health workers

- By 2015, there will be a total of 385,000 health workers, including 74,000-75,000 medical doctors (41 health workers/10,000 people, including 8 medical doctors/10,000 people);

- By 2020, there will be a total of 500,000 health workers, including 96,000-97,000 medical doctors (52 health workers/10,000 people, including 10 medical doctors/10,000 people).

g/ Cultural and sports officers

By 2015, a total of around 88,000 people will directly work in the culture and sports sector, including 57,000 in culture, 22,000 in sports, and 2,000 in family affairs. By 2020, these figures will be 113,000, 75,000, 28,000 and 2,400 respectively.

h/ Judicial officers

- By 2020, to additionally train around 700 enforcers, 1,300 verifiers and principal verifiers, 4,300- 4,500 judgment enforcement secretaries and 1,600 accountants for civil judgment enforcement agencies;

- By 2020, to add 18,000 lawyers and 2,000 notaries for the judicial sector and train legal officers for small- and medium-sized enterprises (1 or 2 per enterprise);

- By 2020, local judicial agencies will need around 17.000 officers, including around 1,500 for provincial-level Justice Departments and 3,000 for district-level Justice Divisions, and over 12,000 commune-level justice-civil status officers.

i/ Court officers

By 2020, to annually add around 1,000 officers for courts, including 500 judges. So by 2020, courts will need 22,000 officers, specifically:

- The Supreme People's Court will need 2,000 officers, including 17 judges for the Supreme People's Court and 150 judges for 3 high-level people's courts;

- Provincial-level people's courts will need around 6,500 officers, including 2,000 judges;

- District-level people's courts will need around 35,000 officers, including 5,500 judges.

j/ Human resources for development of marine economic sectors

Vietnam's marine strategy determines that: "... by 2020, marine economic sectors will contribute around 53%-55% of GDP and 55%-56% of the country's export turnover...". Marine economic sectors will strongly attract laborers, especially trained human resources with increasing quality.

Marine economy covers various highly specialized sectors. Therefore, it is necessary to adopt general approach to the training of human resources for marine economic sectors while taking into account assignment and specialization for each sector, region and locality. In the immediate future, in order to achieve Some fundamental objectives of the marine strategy through 2020, it is necessary to focus on-training human resources for such important-sectors as oil and gas, sea shipping, shipbuilding, marine tourism, aquaculture, fishing, processing and export of seafood, seaport services, marine scientific and technological research, etc. By 2020, the rate of trained laborers to the total human resources of marine Economic sectors will surpass 80%.

k/ Human resources of armed forces To develop human resources of gradually modernized regular and elite armed forces with a rational quantity, quality and high combativeness, and at the same time build a strong reserve force and broad militia and self-defense forces ready for combat to defend the Fatherland in all circumstances.

5. Development of human resources in socio-economic regions

a/ Northern midland and mountainous region

- By 2015, the total working human resources in the region will be around 7.5 million people. The annual rate of trained human resources will increase over 7% during 2011-2015, reaching 3.2 million people (0.9 million higher than the 2010 figure) and accounting for around 43% of the total human resources working in the region. The total trained human resources will be around 1.2 million people in the agriculture, forestry and fishery sector, 850,000 in the industrial and construction sector, and 1.1 million people in the service sector;

- By 2020, the total working human resources in the region will be around 8.2 million people; the annual rate of trained human resources will increase around 7% during 2016-2020, reaching 4.5 million people (1.3 million higher than the 2015 figure) and accounting for around 55% of the total working human resources. The total trained human resources will be around 1.9 million people in the agriculture, forestry and fishery sector, 1.4 million in the industry and construction sector, and 1.2 million in the service sector;

- During 2011-2020, to focus on training human resources for spearhead and key sectors of the region, such as production and processing of agricultural and forestry products, specialties of high quality and economic value (tea, anise, cinnamon, paper materials, precious medicinal herbs, cow milk, etc.; mineral processing, hydropower, mechanical industry (manufacture and repair of automobiles, motorcycles and agricultural machines, etc.), manufacture and assembly of electronic appliances, material industry, tourism and services, border-gate economy, etc.).

b/ Red River delta region

- By 2015, the total working human resources in the region will be around 13 million people; the annual rate of trained human resources will increase around 8% during 2011-2015, reaching 9 million people (2.6 million higher than the 2010 figure) and accounting for around 73% of the total working human resources. The total trained human resources will be around nearly 2 million people in the agriculture, forestry and fishery sector, 3.6 million in the industrial and construction sector, and 3.7 million in the service sector;

- By 2020, the total working human resources in the region will be around 15 million people; the annual rate of trained human resources will increase around 7% during 2016-2020, reaching 13 million people (4 million higher than the 2015 figure) and accounting for around 89% of the total working human resources. The total trained human resources will be around 3.8 people in the agriculture, forestry and fishery sector, 4.7 million in the industrial and construction sector, and 4.5 million in the service sector;

- During 2011-2020, to focus on training sufficient and quality human resources for spearhead sectors of the region, such as finance, banking, insurance, tourism, hotel, restaurant, transportation, human resource training and high-quality health care services; mechanical manufacture, electronics, new materials, pharmaceutical and food processing, etc. To train highly skilled workers for electronics, machine manufacture, electric technique, material production, tourism and telecommunications.

c/ Northern and coastal central region

- By 2015, the total working human resources in the region will be around 12 million people; the annual rate of trained human resources will increase around 8% during 2011 -2015, reaching 6 million people (2 million higher than the 2010 figure) and accounting for around 48% of the total working human resources. The total trained laborers will be around 2 million people in the agriculture, forestry and fishery sector, industrial and construction sector and service sector each;

- By 2020, the total working human resources in the region will be around 13 million people; the annual rate of trained human resources will increase around 9% during 2016-2020, reaching 8.5 million people (3 million higher than the 2015 figure) and accounting for around 65% of the total working human resources. The total trained human resources will be around 3 million people in the agriculture, forestry and fishery sector, 3 million in the industrial and construction sector, and 2.5 million in the service sector;

- During 2011-2020, to focus on training sufficient and quality human resources for spearhead sectors of the region, such as petrochemical and oil refining industry, mechanics (ship building and repair, automobile manufacture and repair, engines, agricultural machines, etc.); manufacture and assembly of electric-electronic equipment, hi-tech industry (software, information technology equipment, new and high-grade materials, etc.); processing of aquatic and fishery products for export; high- quality services, especially those associated with tourism development and finance-banking, commercial, technological, legal, environmental, telecommunications services, development of the real estate market, etc.

d/ Central Highlands region

- By 2015, the total working human resources in the region will be around 3.2 million people; the annual rate of trained human resources will increase around 9% during 2011 -2015, reaching 1.3 million people (0.9 million higher man the 2010 figure) and accounting for around 41% of the total working human resources. The total trained laborers will be around 580,000 people in the agriculture, forestry and fishery sector, 340,000 in the industry and construction sector, and 390,000 in the service sector;

- By 2020, the total working laborers in the region will be around 3.6 million people; the annual rate of trained human resources will increase around 5.5% during 2016-2020, reaching 1.8 million people (0.4 million higher than the 2015 figure) and accounting for around 50% of the total working laborers. The total trained laborers will be around 780,000 people in the agriculture, forestry and fishery sector, 520,000 in the industrial and construction sector, and 452,000 in the service sector;

- Duong 2011-2020, to focus on training sufficient human resources for spearhead and key sectors of the region, such as hydropower, mining, processing of agricultural and forestry products; technical human resources for development of such industrial trees as coffee, rubber, pepper, cashew, etc. To develop training local human resources for finance-banking, credit and deco-tourism services.

e/ Eastern South Vietnam

-By 2015, the total working laborers in the region will be around 9 million people; the annual rate of trained laborers will increase around 8% during 2011-2015, reaching 6.8 million people (over 2 million higher than the 2010 figure) and accounting for around 76% of the total working human resources. The total trained laborers will be around 500,000 people in the agriculture, forestry and fishery sector, 3.2 million the industrial and construction sector, and 3.1 million in the service sector;

- By 2020, the total working laborers in the region will be around 10.6 million people; the annual rate of trained human resources will increase around 7% during 2016-2020, reaching 9.8 million people (3 million higher than the 2015 figure) and accounting for around 92% of the total working laborers. The total trained laborers will be around 1 million people in the agriculture, forestry and fishery sector, 4.5 million in the industrial and construction sector, and 4.3 million in the service sector;

- During 2011-2020, to focus on training sufficient and quality human resources for sectors with high grey-matter content and high added value such as trade, finance, banking, information technology -telecommunications, petrochemical industry, electric and electronic techniques, mechanical manufacture, designing, high-quality tourist services, hi-tech agriculture, etc.

f/ Mekong River delta region

- By 2015, the total working laborers in the region will be around 11 million people; the annual rate of trained laborers will increase around 13% during 2011-2015, reaching 4 million people (2 million higher than the 2010 figure) and accounting for around 36% of the total working laborers. The total trained laborers will be around 1 million people in the agriculture, forestry and fishery sector, 1 million in the industrial and construction sector, and 2 million in the service sector;

- By 2020, the total working laborers in the region will be around 12 million people; the annual rate of trained laborers will increase around 9% during 2016-2020, reaching 6.5 million people (2.5 million higher than the 2015 figure) and accounting for around 51 % of the total working laborers. The total trained laborers will be around 2.5 million people in the agriculture, forestry and fishery sector, 2 million in the industry and construction sector, and 2 million in the service sector;

- During 2011-2020, to focus on training quality human resources for such sectors as processing of agricultural, forestry and aquatic products for export; processing of vegetables, fruits and meat; mechanical engineering for agriculture and processing of agricultural products; repair engineering; electric-electronic industries; information technology; chemicals; pharmaceuticals; textile, garment and footwear industries, etc.

III. SOLUTIONS FOR IMPLEMENTING THE MASTER PLAN

1. To renew and raise awareness about the role of human resource development in national sustainable development

- To make the public aware of the role of and responsibility for training and employment of human resources, turning human resource challenges (massive numbers, lack of skills, having no industrial working style) into advantages (mainly through training), is a task of the entire society (leaders of all levels, schools, enterprises, families and laborers themselves). This reflects the view on human development and socio-economic development for people and by people, which is a fundamental content of sustainable development,

- To step up public information work to help all people clearly understand human resource development policies: legal documents on human resources, employment, education and training, etc. To mobilize enterprises to actively participate in training and employing high-quality human resources.

2. To renew state management of human resource development

- To further improve the human resource development management apparatus, renew managerial methods, and raise this apparatus's capacity, effect and effectiveness.

- To establish an agency responsible for collecting and building a system of information on human resource supply and demand nationwide. To ensure human resource supply-demand balance for socio-economic development.

- To improve and enhance coordination among levels, sectors and stakeholders participating in human resource development.

- To renew policies, mechanisms and tools for human resource development, including those on working environment, general market mechanism, employment, income, insurance, social welfare, housing and residence conditions, etc.; at the same time, to pay special attention to policies toward quality human resources and talented people.

3. To renovate vocational training toward modernity and suitability to Vietnam's practical conditions, meeting national development and international integration requirements.

a/ To renew state management of vocational training from central to local level

- To rationally organize the system of training grades.

- To decentralize training administration among ministries, sectors and localities.

- To re-plan the network of universities, colleges and vocational colleges, secondary schools and centers.

+ Development of the network of universities and colleges will be in line with socio-economic development master plans of localities, ministries, sectors and regions and meet the demands of all economic sectors for trained human resources, giving priority to the establishment of universities and colleges in northern mountainous areas and central, Central Highlands and Mekong River delta regions. To encourage the establishment of private universities and colleges in localities where conditions permit for stepping up socialization of tertiary education and human resource training, contributing to restructuring local, regional and national economies. It is anticipated that by 2020 universities and colleges will train 3.4 - 3.9 million students. There will be 350-400 students per 10,000 people; and 573 universities and colleges, including 259 universities and 314 colleges. During 2011-2015, to establish new 70 universities and 88 colleges;

+ During 2011-2020, to develop the network of vocational colleges, secondary schools and centers (below collectively referred to as vocational training institutions) nationwide to meet the society's demands in terms of number, quality, structure of training levels and structure of sectors and trained jobs to serve local and national socio-economic development. To create favorable conditions for people to learn jobs, especially rural, ethnic minority and disabled people. At the same time, to establish high-quality vocational schools reaching international or regional standards and vocational teachers' and administrators' training schools. To invest in schools in difficulty-hit provinces and model vocational training centers. To develop the network of vocational training institutions through socialization. To encourage all organizations, enterprises and individuals to invest in vocational training and develop private and foreign-invested vocational training institutions; to expand international cooperation on vocational training.

By 2015, there will be 190 vocational colleges (60 non-public ones), 300 vocational secondary schools (100 non-public ones) and 920 vocational centers (320 non-public ones). Every province or centrally run city will have at least one vocational college and one model vocational center; every district or town will have one vocational center or secondary vocational school.

By 2020, there will be 230 vocational colleges (80 non-public ones), 310 vocational secondary schools (120 non-public ones) and 1,050 vocational centers (350 non-public ones). Every province will have at least 2 model vocational centers.

b/ To renovate approaches to building the education and training system to meet social demands

- To strive for the objective that learning is for working, not just for knowledge;

- To work out plans to promote social need-based training at national, local and training institution levels;

- To build training institutions toward associating enterprises' responsibility with training human resources for employment;

- To renovate educational contents and orientations toward modernity and suitable Vietnam's practical conditions.

c/ To raise salaries for teachers and lecturers and incentives for learners.

d/ To build a national education and training quality assessment system

To establish a national-level specialized agency for examining and assessing the implementation of this master plan nationwide with a view to assuring balanced and harmonized development in number, quality and structure of human resources in each period in line with the country's socio-economic development orientations and objectives.

4. To allocate funds for human resource development

a/ Forecast funding needs

Based on human resource development demands in general and the scale of vocational training in particular, funds for human resource development during 2011-2020 are projected as follows:

- Total investments in human resource development (including investment in education-training, vocational training, healthcare and other expenses) during 2011-2020 are estimated at VND 2,135 trillion, accounting for 12% of the total investment of the whole society, including VND 800 trillion during 2011-2015 (13%) and VND 1,335 trillion during 2016-2020 (12%);

- Total investments in education-training and vocational training during 2011-2020 are estimated at VND 1,225-1,300 trillion, including VND 475-500 trillion during 2011-2015 and VND 750-800 trillion during 2016-2020.

b/ Raising funds for human resource development

- To increase state budget funds for human resource development

Basically, state budget funds are a major resource for national human resource development through 2020, in addition to other resources;

+ To increase investment in both value and percentage in the total investment of the society for modernizing the human resource training system to meet industrialization, modernization and international integration requirements;

+ To work out plans on allocation of state budget funds for implementing human resource training tasks, programs and projects according to priority and social equality objectives (providing supports for human resource training and development for ethnic minority and vulnerable groups, social policy beneficiaries and inhabitants in deep-lying and remote areas).

- To step up socialization for raising more funds for human resource development.

+ Raising funds from the population: The State shall adopt strong mechanisms and policies for raising more funds from the population to invest in and contribute to human resource development in the following forms: directly building physical-technical foundations for human resource training development and medical establishments; contributing capital, buying bonds and forming study promotion funds of the community.

+ Raising funds from enterprises and organizations: To legalize the responsibility of enterprises for human resource development and at the same time create favorable conditions and adopt strong mechanisms and policies to encourage enterprises of all economic sectors to increase investment in building and developing their training systems to train human resources for their own needs or increase human resource training funds. To expand the form of training human resources according to orders placed by enterprises.

+ Raising foreign funds: To increase attracting foreign capital and effectively use ODA, FDI and aid sources of foreign organizations and individuals for human resource development. To use ODA and FDI sources for building training institutions (universities and vocational schools) up to international standards.

5. To step up international cooperation for human resource development

- To allocate state budget funds, mobilize people's contributions and attract foreign investment for building international-standard schools. By 2020 Vietnam will build 4 prominent universities reaching international standards, 14 key universities, 32 vocational colleges applying advanced vocational programs of developed countries in the region, and 140 vocational colleges and secondary schools capable of providing training at national standards;

- To attract a number of international-standard universities and vocational schools to operate m-Vietnam;

- To enter into international cooperation on training (including training and retraining, domestic and overseas training) trainers for intermediate, collegial, tertiary and postgraduate levels, and on training job trainers at all levels;

- To step up cooperation with other countries with modern and advanced training levels for gradually receiving transferred training technologies to meet the country's needs for quality Human resources.

IV. ORGANIZATION OF IMPLEMENTATION OF THE MASTER PLAN

To effectively implement the master plan, legal documents should be reviewed and revised when necessary to ensure consistent and coordinated implementation. Ministries, sectors and provinces and centrally run cities shall properly perform the following tasks:

1. The Ministry of Planning and Investment shall work out 5-year and annual plans for implementing this master plan; assume the prime responsibility for guiding ministries, sectors and localities to formulate their master plans on human resource development in line with this master plan and include them in their 5-year and annual plans; assume the prime responsibility for, and coordinate with ministries, sectors and provinces and centrally run cities in, establishing a national system for human resource information and demand forecast and developing a set of criteria for human resource development assessment to serve supervision of the implementation of this master plan.

2. Ministries and sectors shall work out and implement their own master plans on human resource development in line with this master plan and their development requirements.

3. Provinces and centrally run cities shall review their socio-economic development master plans and include this master plan's development objectives, orientations, tasks and solutions in their socio-economic development master plans; formulate and implement local human resource development master plans and include them in local 5-year and annual plans; properly organize their systems of information on human resource needs and coordinate with enterprises and training institutions in grasping human resource demands, mobilizing resources and training human resources. The Government shall direct ministries, sectors and localities to propose and issue mechanisms and policies for encouraging the establishment of companies to supply human resources and provide information on human resources according to orders placed by employing organizations and individuals.

4. This master plan, after approved, should be publicized in the mass media for people to know, examine, supervise and monitor its implementation.

5. Ministries, sectors and localities shall annually evaluate and review the implementation of this master plan and send results to the Ministry of Planning and Investment for summarization and reporting to the Prime Minister. At the same time, in the course of implementation, ministries, sectors and localities should regularly consider and supplement this master plan to suit practical conditions.

Article 2. This Decision takes effect on the date of its signing.

Article 3. Ministers, heads of ministerial-level agencies, heads of government-attached agencies, chairpersons of provincial-level People's Committees and heads of concerned agencies shall implement this Decision.-

 

 

PRIME MINISTER




Nguyen Tan Dung

 

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              Decision No. 1216/QD-TTg approving the master plan on development of Vietnam's
              Loại văn bảnQuyết định
              Số hiệu1216/QD-TTg
              Cơ quan ban hànhThủ tướng Chính phủ
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              Ngày ban hành22/07/2011
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