Nghị định 97/2016/ND-CP

Decree No. 97/2016/ND-CP dated July 1, 2016, providing for contents of statistical indicators listed in the national statistical indicator system

Nội dung toàn văn Decree 97/2016/ND-CP contents statistical indicators listed in the national statistical indicator system


THE GOVERNMENT
--------

THE SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF VIETNAM
Independence - Freedom - Happiness

---------------

No. 97/2016/ND-CP

Hanoi, July 1, 2016

 

DECREE

PROVIDING FOR CONTENTS OF STATISTICAL INDICATORS LISTED IN THE NATIONAL STATISTICAL INDICATOR SYSTEM

Pursuant to the Law on Government Organization dated June 19, 2015;

Pursuant to the Law on Statistics dated November 23, 2015;

Upon the request of the Minister of Planning and Investment;

The Government hereby enacts the Decree regulating contents of statistical indicators listed in the national statistical indicator system.

Article 1. Attached herewith contents of statistical indicators listed in the national statistical indicator system.

Article 2. This Decree shall enter into force from July 1, 2016.

Article 3. Ministers, Heads of Ministry-level agencies, Heads of Governmental bodies, Presidents of the People’s Committees of centrally-affiliated cities and provinces, and Heads of other entities concerned, as stipulated by the 2015 Law on Statistics, shall be responsible for implementing this Decree.  

The Minister of Planning and Investment shall be responsible for providing guidance on, inspecting, and preparing a review report on, implementation of the national statistical indicator system./.

 

 

 

PP. THE GOVERNMENT
THE PRIME MINISTER




Nguyen Xuan Phuc

 

APPENDIX

CONTENTS OF STATISTICAL INDICATORS LISTED IN THE NATIONAL STATISTICAL INDICATOR SYSTEM

 (Issued together with the Government’s Decree No. 97/2016/ND-CP dated July 1, 2016)

01. Land and population

0101. Land area and composition

I. Definition and calculation methodology

1. Land area

Total land area of an administrative subdivision includes area of land of all types within the boundary of each administrative subdivision defined by legislative regulations.   

Figures of land area of an administrative subdivision shall be obtained from the cadastral authority having competence in cadastral survey and data publication. Natural land area of an administrative subdivision next to, or surrounded by, the sea includes area of land of all types on the mainland and sea islets or islands extended to the mean low tide waterline recorded in many years. Total area of natural land shall cover various land types in reliance upon classification criteria. Land area is normally classified by purposes, land managers and owners.

a) Land area classified by purposes refers to area of the land portion serving the same purpose within the territory of an administrative subdivision, including agricultural land, non-farm land and unused land groups.

- Agricultural land classification refers to land used for production, research and testing purposes in the agriculture, forestry, aquaculture, salt industry, and forest protection and development field. This includes the following types:

+ Annual crop land, including paddy crop land and others;

+ Perennial crop land;

+ Production forest land;

+ Protection forest land;

+ Special-use forest land;

+ Aquaculture land, referring to land specially used for brackish, salt and fresh water aquaculture;

+ Salt-making land, referring to a saltern used for salt production;

+ Other agricultural land, including the land used for construction of glasshouses and other types of houses for the purpose of growing crops, even including those taking the form of indirect planting; construction of farms and cages for the purpose of raising livestock, poultry and other animals permitted by laws; crop, animal and aquaculture farming land used for study, research and testing purposes; plant and animal breeding land, and flowering and ornamental plant cultivation land.

- Non-farm land classification, including land types used for purposes other than those for which the agricultural land group is used, including the homestead land; land used for construction of office buildings; land used for national defence and security purposes; land used for construction of non-business institutions; land used for non-farm production and business activities; land used for public purposes; land used for construction of religious and ritual institutions; land used for construction of cemeteries, burial places, funeral parlours, crematoria; special-use land next to rivers, brooks, canals, ditches, springs and water surfaces; other non-farm land.

+ Homestead land, including rural and urban homestead land.

Rural homestead land refers to land currently used by households or individuals, including land used for construction of dwelling houses and public utility facilities, gardens, ponds located inside the same land plot within a rural residential area.  

Urban homestead land includes land used for construction of dwelling houses and public utility facilities, gardens, ponds located inside the same land plot within an urban residential area. 

+ Land used for construction of office buildings, including land used for construction of offices of state regulatory agencies, political organizations and socio-political institutions.

+ Land used for national defence and security purposes, including land serving the purposes defined in Article 61 of the Law on Land.

+ Land used for construction of non-business institutions, including land used for construction of officers of non-business institutions; land used for construction of cultural, social, health care service, education and training, sports and physical exercise, science and technology, diplomatic and other non-business facilities.

+ Land used for non-farm production and business, including land used for construction of industrial zones, industrial clusters, processing and exporting zones, land used for trading and service activities; land used for construction of non-farm production facilities; land used for mining operations; land used for building material and ceramic production activities.

+ Land used for public purposes, including land used for transportation purposes (airports, airdromes, inland waterway ports, seaports, railroads, roads and other transportation works); irrigation works; land associated with historical – cultural sites and famous landmarks; land used for community events, public recreational and entertainment parks; land used for construction of energy production facilities; land used for construction of postal and telecommunications facilities; market land; land used for waste disposal and treatment, and land used for other public utility facilities.

+ Land used by religious and ritual institutions, including land associated with pagodas, churches, chapels, oratories, mosques, Buddhist temples, abbeys or religious training institutions; land used for construction of offices of licensed religious institutions and other religion-related facilities.

+ Religious land, including land associated with communal houses, temples, holy places, ancestral temples or clan ancestral houses.

+ Land used for construction of cemeteries, burial places, funeral parlours, crematoria, referring to the land used as communal burial areas, or land used for construction of funeral parlours and crematoria.

+ Land contiguous to rivers, brook, canals, ditches or springs, referring to the land comprising water surface of linear hydrographic objects without closed boundaries which create naturally or artificially-formed land plots used for water drainage or navigation purposes. 

+ Land associated with special-use water surface, referring to the land comprising water surface of hydrographic objects existing in the form of a pond, lake or lagoon that have closed boundaries that create land plots, lie either inside urban, rural residential areas, or outside these areas, but are not specially used for aquaculture, hydropower or irrigation purposes.   

+ Other non-farm land, including the land used for construction of rest houses, tents or camps for employees working for production facilities; the land used for construction of warehouses and storage facilities for the purpose of storing agricultural products, plant protection products, fertilizers, machinery or tools used for agricultural production, and the land used for construction of other facilities by land users that serve non-business purposes and are not associated with the homestead land.  

- Unused land classification, including land types which have not been defined in terms of their purpose, specifically comprising the followings:

+ Unused flat land, referring to areas of unused land located in flat areas of plains, valleys and plateaus.

+ Mountainous, hilly or sloped land, referring to the unused land situated on sloppy areas in hilly or mountainous regions. 

+ Non-forested rocky mountains, referring to the unused land existing in the form of a non-forested rocky mountain.

b) Land area classified by the criterion of land user

- Land users refer to those who have received land allocated, leased, or land ownership recognized, by the State, or currently use land of which tenure has not been recognized by the State; households or individuals; domestic organizations; foreign entities; Vietnamese expatriates; residential communities and religious institutions; foreign-invested enterprises.

- Persons in the exercise of delegated authority to manage land refer to domestic organizations, residential communities, joint venture enterprises, wholly foreign-owned enterprises receiving state-allocated land in the case stipulated by Article 8 of the Law on Land.

2. Land composition

a) Area of land by purposes

referring to area of the land portion serving the same purpose within the natural territory of an administrative subdivision, including the ratio of agricultural land, non-farm land and unused land to total natural land.

b) Area of land by the criterion of land users

referring to the ratio of area of the land portion used by the same person, or managed by the person in the exercise of delegated authority to manage such land within the land area privately owned by administrative subdivisions, including the ratio of land used and managed by institutional or individual entities to total area of natural land.

II. Major classifications

- Purposes;

- Subjects of use and management;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

III. Release period: Annual.

IV. Data sources

- Land resource inventory checking and land use mapping;

- Statistical reporting regulation.

V. Regulatory entities responsible for data collection and aggregation: The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment.

 

0102. Population and population density

I. Population

General definition

Population refers to the collection of people living in the same country, region, geographically economic region or administrative subdivision.

In the statistical context, population data are collected on the basis of defining the de facto population of residents in a household who are permanently living in that household for a period of more than 6 months before the start date of statistics, newborn babies born before the start date of statistics and persons and new incoming residents who intend to settle down in that household, regardless of whether they have obtained permission to permanently reside at communes/ wards/ town districts where they are living, and temporary absentees.   The de facto population of residents living in a household:

Persons actually living in a household for a period of more than 6 months before the start date of statistics.  

New incoming residents who have moved in a household for a period of fewer than 6 months, but intend to settle down in that household, and newborn babies born before the start date of statistics, regardless of whether they have obtained any valid documentary evidence of such movement.  

Temporary absentees including persons leaving their registered households for a period of fewer than 6 months prior to the start date of statistics; persons who are working or studying domestically within a period of 6 months; persons who are visiting their relatives, taking summer vacations, going on public holidays, making leisure trips, and will come back to their households; persons who are going on business trips, serving on board fishing ships, ocean liners underway at sea, or shipping their own cargos for resale; persons who are authorized by competent authorities to work, study, cure illnesses or travel abroad, and are still residing abroad within a permitted period before the start date of statistics; persons who are inpatients provided with medical treatment services by health care service providers; persons who are temporarily detained by military or public security authorities.

The population indicator shall be specifically categorized into the following sub-indicators: 

1. Average population

- Definition and calculation methodology

The average population refers to the average size of population for an entire period which is calculated according to several common methods, including:

+ In cases where only data collected at two points of time (both start and end point of a short statistical period which is usually one year) are available, the following formula shall be applied: 

Ptb

=

P+ P1

2

Where

Ptb: Average population;

P0: Population estimated at the beginning of a statistical period;

P1: Population estimated at the end of a statistical period.

+ In cases where data collected at regular time intervals, the following formula shall be applied as follows:

Where

Ptb: Average population

P0,1...,n: Population estimated at points of time variable within 0, 1,..., n

n: The number of regular time intervals.

+ In cases where data collected at irregular intervals, the following formula shall be applied as follows:

Where

Ptb1: Average population estimated in the first time interval;

Ptb2: Average population estimated in the second time interval;

Ptbn: Average population estimated in the nth time interval;

ti: Length of the ith time interval.

- Major classifications: Sex; ethnicity; religion; age; marital status; educational attainment level; professional and technical qualification; urban/rural; centrally-governed province/city.

- Release period: Annual.

- Data sources

+ Population and housing census;

+ Mid-year population and housing survey;

+ The annual population figure, which is calculated on the basis of the original population data collected by means of the latest population census, and population changes (births, deaths, outward moves, inward moves) according to the population balancing equation. Population changes are calculated on the basis of demographic rates (birth, death, inward and outward move rates) obtained through population change and family planning surveys, or population and housing censuses.

- Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

2. Population by sex

- Definition and calculation methodology

The gender ratio indicates the number of males per 100 females in a given population.

The formula commonly used for calculation of sex differences is the following sex ratio:

Sex ratio

=

The number of males

x 100

The number of females

- Major classifications: Age/age group; marital status; educational attainment level; ethnic group (5-year classification by 10 ethnic groups with the largest population, and annual classification by 2 major groups which are Kinh and other ethnic groups); religion (based on population and housing censuses) 

- Release period: Annual.

- Data sources

+ Population and housing census;

+ Mid-year population and housing survey;

+ Generalized inference or estimation from results of sample surveys of population change and family planning.

- Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

3. Population by age

- Definition and calculation methodology

Age indicates a period of human life, measured from the birth date to the specified date. In population statistics, age is measured in the number of complete years (excluding the number of days or months between a complete year), and commonly called the rounded age.

The rounded age is determined as follows:

If the birth month is greater than (comes before) a survey month, then

Rounded age = Survey year - Birth year

If the birth month is greater than (comes after), or falls into the survey month, then

Rounded age = Survey year - Birth year - 1

- Major classifications: In addition to population classified by age, the age composition of population is also classified into 5-year age groups or 10-year age groups in which the 0-year age group is kept apart. Hence, age groups are classified by the following cohorts:

+ 5-year age cohorts:

0 year;

1 – 4 years;

5 – 9 years;

10 – 14 years;

...

75 – 79 years;

80 – 84 years;

85 years and over.

Particularly, 1 – 4 years of population age may be classified into separate age groups.

+ 10-year age cohorts:

0 year;

1 – 9 years;

10 – 19 years;

20 – 29 years;

...

70 – 79 years;

80 – 89 years;

90 years and over.

For the purpose of thematic studies on education - training, population fertility, employment and economy, population is classified into age groups appropriate to studies on school age, age for completion of all educational levels, childbearing age, working age, etc.

- Release period: Annual.

- Data sources:

+ Population and housing census;

+ Mid-year population and housing survey;

+ Generalized inference or estimation from results of sample surveys of population change and family planning.

- Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

4. Population by marital status

- Definition and calculation methodology

Marriage indicates the relationship between a wife and husband after marriage.

- Major classifications

+ Unmarried, or never married;

+ Married;

+ Widowed (Deceased spouse and currently unremarried);

+ Widowed (Deceased spouse and currently unremarried);

+ Separated (married, but no longer living together as husband and wife).

- Release period: Annual.

- Data sources

+ Population and housing census;

+ Mid-year population and housing survey;

+ Generalized inference or estimation from results of annual sample surveys of population change - family planning.

- Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

5. Population by educational attainment level

- Definition and calculation methodology

A person’s educational attainment level indicates the highest grade in the national education system that such person has attended.

According to the Law on Education, the national education system is composed of formal and continuing education. Formal education includes early childhood education, general education, vocational education and higher education.

Definitions mainly used for collection of data on educational attainment level of population are described as follows:

School attendance status indicates actual conditions of a person who is attending a state-accredited educational institution within the national education system, such as early childhood, primary, lower secondary, upper secondary schools/ classes, vocational schools/classes, and professional secondary schools and over of different education - training types, in order to receive general education, technical or professional knowledge in a logical manner.

Literacy is defined as a person’s ability to read, write and fully understand simple sentences created by a national or foreign language.

The highest educational attainment level is composed of the following categories:

+ General education: As for a general education dropout, this level indicates the highest secondary grade that this person has completed; as for an existing general education learner, this level indicates the preceding secondary grade that this person has completed (= current grade - 1);

+ Vocational education: this level indicates persons who have graduated from elementary, secondary or collegiate-level vocational schools;

+ Professional secondary education: this level indicates persons who have graduated from professional secondary schools;

+ Professional post-secondary education: this level indicates persons who have graduated from professional colleges;

+ Undergraduate education: this level indicates persons who have graduated from junior colleges or universities;

+ Postgraduate education: this level indicates persons who have graduated from master's, doctorate or science doctor’s degree.

- Major classifications

+ School attendance status: Attending school; Attended school; never attended school;

+ The highest educational attainment level: illiterate (or unable to read and write); literate (or able to read and write); not completed primary education level; completed primary education level; completed lower secondary education level; completed upper secondary education level; completed elementary vocational school; completed secondary vocational education level; completed vocational college education level; completed professional secondary education level; completed professional college education level; completed undergraduate education level; completed master’s, doctorate/ science doctor’s degree.

- Release period: Annual.

- Data sources

+ Population and housing census;

+ Mid-year population and housing survey;

+ Generalized inference from results of sample surveys of population changes – family planning, labor – employment, or other thematic surveys.

- Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

6. Population by ethnicity

- Definition and calculation methodology

For the purpose of demographic statistics, ethnicity data are collected on the basis of ethnic self-identification by survey respondents. A person is most often identified as his/her father’s ethnicity. In several matriarchal ethnic groups, a person’s ethnicity is identified with that of the mother.

- Major classifications

+ Demographic characteristics; sex; age; marital status; fertility, mortality and migration, etc.;

+ Socio-economic characteristics: educational attainment; economic activity, etc.

+ Classifications by geographical regions or administrative subdivisions.

- Release period: Quinquennial.

- Data sources

+ Population and housing census;

+ Mid-quinquennial population and housing survey.

- Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

7. Population by religion

- Definition and calculation methodology

For the purpose of statistical survey, religion is understood in two different modes:

+ Persons having faith or belief in a specific religious doctrine;

+ Persons admitted as followers of a religion. The difference between a follower and believer is that, in addition to belief or faith, a follower must meet certain standards and must be admitted to become fellowship of a religion by a religious institution. 

- Major classifications

+ Sex;

+ Administrative subdivision;

+ Religion.

- Release period: Quinquennial.

- Data sources

+ Population and housing census;

+ Mid-quinquennial population and housing survey.

- Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

II. Population density

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Population density is defined as the number of people per one square kilometer of land area.

Population density is calculated by dividing population (at a point of time or on average) of a specified residential area by land size within that area. Calculation of population density may be applied to the entire country or a particular region or area (rural, urban or economic region or area); specific provinces, districts or communes, etc. in order to reflect the geographic population distribution in a defined time period.

Calculation formula:

Population density (people/km2)

=

Total population (people)

Land area (km2)

2. Major classifications: Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- Population and housing census;

- Mid-year population and housing survey;

- Land resource inventory checking and land use mapping.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0103. Sex ratio at birth

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Sex ratio at birth refers to the number of boys per 100 girls in total children born alive within a reporting period (usually one year) in a given area or region.

Calculation formula:

Sex ratio at birth

=

The number of boys born alive in a given area or region within a reporting period

x 100

The number of girls born alive in a given area or region within a reporting period

2. Major classifications

- Urban/ rural;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

Data on the number of sex-specific live births measured within a reporting period are obtained from:

- Population and housing census;

- Mid-year population and housing survey;

- Population change and family planning survey;

- Administrative data.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal investigator: The General Statistics Office;

- Collaborator: the Ministry of Health.

 

0104. Crude birth rate

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Crude birth rate indicates the number of live births per 1,000 population during a given year.

Calculation formula:

CBR(‰)=

Where:

B: The number of births in a given year;

P: Average population (or mid-year population).

2. Major classifications

- Child sex;

- Urban/ rural;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- Population and housing census;

- Mid-year population and housing survey;

- Population change and family planning survey;

- Demographic and health survey;

- Administrative data.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0105. Total fertility rate

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Total fertility rate (TFR) is defined as the average number of live births born to a woman (or a group of women) if that woman (or that group of women) is subject to age-specific fertility rates in a given year during childbearing years (in other words, if a woman were to experience age-specific fertility rates for women aged from 15, 16, 17 to 49 years).

Calculation formula:

Where:

Bx: the number of live births registered during the year born to women aged (x);

x: an interval of one year of age;

Wx: the midyear population of women aged (x).

The age-specific fertility rates are cumulated from x = 15 to x = 49.

In usual practice, the total fertility rate is calculated by a simpler method. In cases where the specific birth rates are calculated for five-year age group, the subscript (i) represents five-year age ranges such as 15-19, 20-24,…, 45-49.

Calculation formula:

Where:

Bi: the number of live births registered during the year to women in the age group (i);

i: an interval of 5 successive single years;

Wi: the mid-year population of women of the same age group (i).

The purpose of the factor 5 in the formula is to apply the average rate for the age group to five successive single years so that the sum of the age-specific rates will be commensurate with that in the first TFR formula.

2. Major classifications

- Urban/ rural;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- Population and housing census;

- Mid-year population and housing survey;

- Population change and family planning survey;

- Administrative data.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0106. Crude death rate

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Crude death rate represents the number of dead births per 1,000 population during a given period (usually one calendar year). Like the crude birth rate, the crude death rate is affected by a great number of population characteristics, particularly population age composition. The crude death rate is used as an integral part of calculation of the rate of natural increase in population and the population growth rate.

Calculation formula:

CDR(‰)=

Where:

CDR: Crude death rate;

D: the number of deaths;

Ptb: Average population (or mid-year population).

2. Major classifications

- Sex;

- Deaths by causes;

- Urban/ rural;

- Regions and centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- Population and housing census;

- Mid-year population and housing survey;

- Population change and family planning survey;

- Administrative data.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0107. Population growth rate

I. Rate of natural population increase

1. Definition and calculation methodology

The rate of natural population increase refers to the difference between the number of live births and the number of deaths compared to average population during the study period, or equals the difference between the crude birth rate and the crude death rate of population in a period (usually a calendar year).

Calculation formula:

NIR = x 1000 = CBR - CDR

Where:

NIR: Natural increase rate;

B: The number of births in a given year;

D: The number of deaths in a given year;

Ptb: Average population (or population estimated as of July 1) of a given year;

CBR: Crude birth rate;

CDR: Crude death rate.

2. Major classifications

- Urban/ rural;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- Population and housing census;

- Mid-year population and housing survey;

- Population change and family planning survey.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

II. Population growth rate

1. Definition and calculation methodology

The population growth rate (shortly called the growth rate) refers to the rate whereby population size increases (or decreases) in a given time period (usually a calendar year) due to natural increase and net migration, expressed as a percentage of the average population (or mid-year population).

Calculation formula:

GR = CBR - CDR + IMR - OMR

Where:

GR: Growth rate;

CBR: Crude birth rate;

CDR: Crude death rate;

IMR: In-migration rate;

OMR: Out-migration rate.

Or: GR = NIR + NMR

Where:

NIR: Natural increase rate;

NMR: Net migration rate.

2. Major classifications

- Urban/ rural;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- Population and housing census;

- Mid-year population and housing survey;

- Population change and family planning survey.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0108. Rate of in-migration, out-migration and net migration

1. Definition and calculation methodology

a) In-migration rate

In-migration rate refers to the number of people entering one administrative subdivision from another subdivision (out-migration place) to take up residence in a study period (usually a calendar year), expressed per 1,000 residents in that subdivision (in-migration place).

Calculation formula:

IMR (‰)= x 1.000

Where:

IMR: In-migration rate;

I: The population of in-migrants in a given year;

Ptb: Average population (or mid-year population).

b) Out-migration rate

Out-migration rate refers to the number of people leaving one administrative subdivision to take up residence in a study period (usually a calendar year), expressed per 1,000 residents in that subdivision.

Calculation formula:

OMR (‰)=   x 1.000

Where:

OMR: Out-migration rate;

O: The population of out-migrants in a given year;

Ptb: Average population (or mid-year population).

c) Net migration rate

Net migration rate refers to the difference between population of in-migrants and out-migrants of an administrative subdivision in a study period (usually a calendar year), expressed per 1,000 residents in that subdivision.

Calculation formula:

NMR (‰) = x 1.000

Where:

NMR: Net migration rate;

I: The population of in-migrants in a given year;

O: The population of out-migrants in a given year;

Ptb: Average population (or mid-year population).

Or: NMR = IMR - OMR

Where:

NMR: Net migration rate;

IMR: In-migration rate;

OMR: Out-migration rate.

2. Major classifications

- Sex;

- Urban/ rural;

- Regions; centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- Population and housing census;

- Mid-year population and housing survey;

- Population change and family planning survey.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0109. Life expectancy at birth

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Life expectancy at birth is defined as the main statistical indicator in the life table, expressing average number of years that a newborn is expected to live if current mortality rates continue to apply.

Calculation formula:

Where:

e0: Life expectancy at birth;

T0: The number of years a newborn in the Life Table is expected to live;

l0: The number of people who survive to age 0 in the Life Table (the initial cohort of live births is observed).

Life expectancy at birth is one of the synthetic indicators estimated from the Life Table.

The Life Table (also called mortality table) is a statistical table including indicators displaying mortality rates and survival probability from this age to another age of population. The Life Table indicates how many persons survive to ages 1, 2,..., 100,..., from an initial birth set (in a given cohort), including how many people at each age will die and cannot survive to the next age; to what extent people reaching specific ages will have the probability of surviving and dying; how long a person is expected to live.   

2. Major classifications

- Sex;

- Urban/ rural;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- Population and housing census;

- Mid-year population and housing survey;

- Population change and family planning survey.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0110. Disability rate

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Disability rate refers to the percentage of people with disabilities in total population.

Disabled persons are those who have one or more impaired or incapacitated body parts expressed in the form of an impairment which cause difficulties in working, living or learning activities.

Disabled persons shall be identified according to the WHO’s ICF approach whereby capacity and extent of performance of functions of body structure are evaluated to measure disability.

Calculation formula:

 

Disability rate

=

The number of disabled persons

x 100

Population estimated at the same time period

2. Major classifications

- Type;

- Level;

- Cause;

- Age group;

- Sex;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Quinquennial.

4. Data sources: Disability survey.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0111. The number of marriages and singulate mean age at marriage

I. The number of marriages

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Marriage refers to the husband and wife relationship between a man and a woman in accordance with the Law on marriage and family concerning marriage eligibility requirements and registration.

Men and women may enter into a marriage if they meet the following requirements, including:

a) Men reach 20 years of age or over, and women reach full 18 years of age and over;

b) They make their voluntary decision to enter into a marriage;

c) They do not lose their civil capacity; 

d) Their marriages are not subject to any marriage ban in accordance with the Law on Marriage and Family. 

For the purpose of providing a comprehensive view of the number of marriages, a statistical report shall reflect actual conditions of marriages, including:

- Marriages conforming to eligibility requirements set out by the Law on Marriage and Family;

- Marriages conforming to eligibility requirements set out by the Law on Marriage and Family, but not registered;

- Marriages not conforming to eligibility requirements set out by the Law on Marriage and Family;

- Child marriage;

- Living together as husband and wife.

For the purpose of maintaining significance of statistical analyses, this indicator shall be calculated through the marriage rate (or the crude marriage rate).

Calculation formula:

MR (‰)

=

The number of male-female couples establishing husband-wife relationships

x 1.000

Average population

Where: MR represents the (crude) marriage rate.

2. Major classifications

- Urban/ rural;

- Region; centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- Population and housing census;

- Mid-year population and housing survey;

- Population change and family planning survey;

- Administrative data.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal investigator: The General Statistics Office;

- Collaborator: The Ministry of Justice (assuming responsibility for collection of statistical data on the number of marriages conforming to eligibility requirements set out by the Law on Marriage and Family).

II. Singulate mean age at marriage

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Singulate mean age at marriage (SMAM) refers to the average number of years of single life lived by a person in a cohort during lifetime on the assumption that the proportions single by age in this cohort are equal to the proportions single obtained as of the survey period.   

Singulate mean age at marriage is one of the basic indicators in the Nuptiality table calculated by total of persons/year of a single cohort (Ts) divided by the original total of that cohort (l0). After several calculations, the abovementioned overall method shall be simplified into the following formula:

SMAM =

Where:

SMAM: Singulate mean age at marriage;

RS2: The number of persons/years of single life of a cohort;

RS3: The number of persons/years of single life of never-married persons;

RM: The number of ever-married persons in a cohort.

2. Major classifications

- Sex;

- Urban/ rural;

- Region; centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- Population and housing census;

- Mid-year population and housing survey;

- Population change and family planning survey.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal investigator: The General Statistics Office;

- Collaborator: The Ministry of Justice.

 

0112. Percentage of children under age 5 whose births are registered 

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Children under age 5 whose births are registered refer to the number of children aged under 5 from the birth date, and granted birth certificates in accordance with laws.

Percentage of children under age 5 whose births are registered represents how many children have been registered in birth registration records per 100 children. 

Calculation formula:

Percentage of children under age 5 whose births are registered (%) 

=

The number of children under age 5 whose births have been registered as of December 31 in the reporting year 

x 100

The number of children under age 5 estimated as of December 31 in the reporting year 

2. Major classifications

- Sex;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- Population and housing census;

- Mid-year population and housing survey;

- Population change and family planning survey;

- Statistical reporting regulation.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal investigator: The General Statistics Office;

- Collaborator: The Ministry of Justice, the Ministry of Health.

 

0113. Number of registered deaths

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Number of registered deaths indicates the number of deaths registered in a study period (usually a calendar year starting from January 1 to December 31), including those identified by court judgements/ decisions, already registered as changes in the civil registration record in accordance with the Law on Civil Registration, or registered within or beyond the stipulated time limit.  

Calculation method:

The number of domestic death registrations with the Commune-level People’s Committee plus the number of foreign element-involved death registrations with the judicial office throughout the nation (even including deaths declared by court judgements/ decisions, and already registered as changes in the civil registration record in accordance with the Law on Civil Registration) within a given time period. This addition applies to the on-time and delayed registrations of deaths, exclusive of re-registration.

2. Major classifications

- Sex;

- Urban/ rural;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal investigator: The Ministry of Justice.

- Collaborator: the Supreme People’s Court, the Ministry of Public Security, the Ministry of Health.

 

02. Labor, employment and gender equality

0201. Labor force

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Labor force (also called economically active population) comprises persons aged 15 and older who are employed or unemployed during a specified time reference (7 days prior to the observation time).

2. Major classifications

a) Quarterly release data shall be arranged into the following classifications:

- Sex;

- Professional and technical qualification;

- Urban/ rural;

- Region.

b) Annual release data shall be arranged into the following classifications:

- Sex;

- Age group;

- Professional and technical qualification;

- Urban/ rural;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources: Labor and employment survey.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0202. Number of employed in the economy

1. Definition and calculation methodology

The employed refers to all of persons at age 15 years or older who are, in a given reference time, involved in any work activity (if such activity is not prohibited by laws) that lasts for more than 01 hours to produce commodities or provide services in order to earn income for their own and families.

Employed people comprises people who do not work in a specified study week, but have a job to which they are connected (they are still paid salaries/ wages during their time-off from work, or definitely return to work after a period of not more than 01 month).

Additionally, people are considered employed in the following specific circumstances:

a) They work for the purpose of receiving salaries, wages or incomes, but are currently participating in training sessions or skill improvement activities to meet work requirements set out by their employers;

b) Apprentices or interns (even including doctors who work as medical interns) work and receive salaries or wages;

c) They work for business households/ economic institutions of their own to produce goods and supply services;

d) Students/learners/retirees are involved in any job on which they have to spend more than 1 hour to earn income in a given reference period;

dd) Persons are searching for jobs, but have been offered a job on which they have to spend more than 1 hour to earn income in a given reference period;

e) Persons register or receive unemployment insurance covers, but have been offered a job on which they have to spend more than 1 hour to earn income in a given reference period;

g) Persons work for the purpose of receiving salaries, wages or income which are not directly paid to them, but accumulated into an overall income of their families. These people comprise:

- People working for business entities organized by one family member who is living in the same household or another household;

- People performing parts or duties of paid work arranged by one family member who is living in the same household or another household.

2. Major classifications

a) Quarterly release data shall be arranged into the following classifications:

- Sex;

- Professional and technical qualification;

- Economic activity;

- Economic sector;

- Urban/ rural;

- Region.

b) Annual release data shall be arranged into the following classifications:

- Sex;

- Age group;

- Professional and technical qualification;

- Economic activity;

- Economic sector;

- Profession;

- Work position;

- Urban/ rural;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources: Labor and employment survey.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0203. Percentage of trained employees

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Trained employees refer to persons at age 15 or older who are employed or unemployed in a given reference period, and have already had either of the following elements:

a) Employees have been trained at a professional or technical schools or educational institution in the national education system in at least 03 months, and have graduated from or obtained a degree/certificate at a certain professional or technical level, including vocational elementary, secondary, college, professional secondary, college, undergraduate and postgraduate (master’s, doctor’s and science doctor’s) degree.

b) Or employees who have not been trained in any educational institution, but acquire by self-teaching activities, inherit, or attend on-the-job training classes to gain, vocational skills or hands-on experience equivalent to level-1 qualifications conferred to technical workers who have obtained the same-trade degrees and actually work on this kind of work for at least 3 years (otherwise called non-degreed/non-certificated technical worker).

Calculation formula:

Percentage of trained employees (%)

=

The number of trained employees

x 100

Labor force

2. Major classifications

a) Quarterly release data shall be arranged into the following classifications:

- Sex;

- Urban/ rural;

- Region.

b) Annual release data shall be arranged into the following classifications:

- Sex;

- Professional and technical qualification;

- Urban/ rural;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources: Labor and employment survey.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0204. Unemployment rate

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Unemployed people refer to persons at age 15 or older who are, in a given reference period, having all of the following elements, such as currently not working, currently searching for work and willing to work.

The number of unemployed people also comprises persons who are not currently employed and willing to work, but in a given reference period, fail to find a job because:

- They have certainly had a job or a business activity to start after a given reference period;

- They have to temporarily leave from work (receiving no salary or wage, or uncertainly getting back to previous work) because of their workplace’s downsizing or closure;

- They are on seasonal vacation;

- They are taking personal emergency or temporary sick leaves.

Unemployment rate can be defined as an indicator displaying percentage used for comparing the number of unemployed and labor force.

Unemployed people comprises students/learners/retirees who are searching for a job (full-time or part-time) and willing to work in a given reference period; homemakers or housewives doing housework for their families but would be willing to take up a job in a given reference period.

Calculation formula:

Unemployment rate (%)

=

The number of unemployed

x 100

Labor force

2. Major classifications

a) Quarterly release data shall be arranged into the following classifications:

- Urban/ rural;

- Region.

b) Annual release data shall be arranged into the following classifications:

- Sex;

- Age;

- Professional and technical qualification;

- Urban/ rural;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources: Labor and employment survey.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0205. Underemployment rate

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Underemployed people comprise persons who are employed, but in a given reference period (07 days prior to the observation date) meet all 3 following criteria:

a) They wish to work overtime, which means that they wish to do more work to increase their working hours; wish to replace one or more work that they are doing with another work so that they can work overtime; wish to increase working hours of one of work duties that they are assigned; or wish to have access to combined 3 said options. 

b) They are ready to work overtime, which means that, in the ongoing time (for instance, the ongoing week), if work opportunities arise, they will be ready to work overtime right away.

c) In fact, they have done all of their assigned work below a specified time threshold in a given reference period. While worldwide countries are applying 40 hours/week working system, the working hour threshold used for determination of underemployment in Vietnam is less than 35 hours in a reference week.

The underemployment rate indicates the number of underemployed per 100 employed people.

Calculation formula:

Underemployment rate (%)

=

The number of underemployed

x 100

The number of employed

2. Major classifications

a) Quarterly release data shall be arranged into the following classifications:

- Sex;

- Professional and technical qualification;

- Urban/ rural;

- Region.

b) Annual release data shall be arranged into the following classifications:

- Sex;

- Professional and technical qualification;

- Economic activity;

- Economic sector;

- Urban/ rural;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources: Labor and employment survey.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0206. Social labor productivity

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Social labor productivity refers to an indicator reflecting efficiency of persons employed, commonly measured by the average gross domestic product per a person employed in a given reference period, usually a calendar year.

Calculation formula:

Social labor productivity (VND/person employed)

=

Gross domestic product (GDP)

Average number of persons employed

2. Major classifications

The classification of social labor productivity shall be subject to that of the gross domestic product and the average number of persons employed.   In current data conditions, labor productivity is classified by economic industry (or activity) and economic sector.

3. Release period: Quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources

Data used for calculation of social labor productivity is obtained from two following sources:

- Annual GDP data measured by the General Statistics Office from statistical surveys, statistical report regulations at the ministerial or sectoral level;

- Labor and employment survey.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0207. Average income for a person employed

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Income for an employed person indicates income earned from wages, salaries and other sources of income that have the nature of salary, including overtime pays, bonuses, allowances, self-employment income, etc. of salary employees in the economy.  These types of income may be paid in cash or in kind.

Average income for an employed person indicates total actual average income per one salaried employee or self-employed person.

Calculation formula:

Average income for a person employed

=

∑ Wi x Li

∑ Li

Where:

i: Reference time (usually 1 month);

Li: The number of salaried employees estimated at the survey time;

Wi: Income for a salaried employee in a given reference time.

2. Major classifications

- Profession;

- Economic sector.

3. Release period: Quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources: Labor and employment survey.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0208. Rate of females participating in local-level party committees

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Rate of females participating in local-level party committees refers to percentage of women holding various positions in local-level party committees compared to the number of persons participating in local-level party committees.

Calculation formula:

Rate of females participating in local-level party committees (%)

=

The number of females participating in local-level party committees in a specified term

x 100

Total persons participating in local-level party committees in the same term

2. Major classifications

- Local-level party committee;

- Ethnicity;

- Age group;

- Academic attainment;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: In the beginning of each term.

4. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The Organization Department of the Communist Party Central Committee.

 

0209. Rate of National Assembly’s female deputies

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Rate of National Assembly’s female deputies indicates percentage of National Assembly’s female deputies per the number of National Assembly’s deputies in the same term.

Calculation formula:

Rate of National Assembly’s female deputies (%)

=

The number of National Assembly’s female deputies in the term k

x 100

The number of National Assembly’s deputies in the same term

2. Major classifications

- Ethnicity;

- Age group;

- Academic attainment.

3. Release period: In the beginning of each term.

4. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The National Assembly’s Office.

 

0210. Rate of People's Council female deputies

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Rate of female deputies of People’s Council at the level of a province/city, urban/rural district/town/city, or commune/ward/town district, refers to percentage of People’s Council female deputies per the number of People’s Council deputies in the same term.

Calculation formula:

Rate of People's Council female deputies at the level t in the term k (%)

=

The number of People's Council female deputies at the level t in the term k

x 100

The number of People's Council deputies at the level t in the term k

2. Major classifications

- Administrative level;

- Ethnicity;

- Age group;

- Academic attainment.

3. Release period: In the beginning of each term.

4. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The Ministry of Home Affairs.

 

0211. Rate of female government leaders

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Rate of female government leaders refers to percentage of females taking up positions as leaders of governments compared with the number of government leaders.

Vietnam's system of government comprises:

a) Bodies in the exercise of state powers, including the National Assembly at the central level, and People’s Council at the local levels directly appointed by the people and acting on behalf of the people to exercise state powers; 

b) Administrative bodies, including the Government at the central level and People’s Committee at the local levels appointed by respective power bodies;

c) Judicial bodies, including the Supreme People’s Court, high-level People’s Court and local-level People’s Court;

d) Procuracy bodies, including the Supreme People’s Procuracy, high-level People’s Procuracy and local-level People’s Procuracy.

Government leadership positions comprise:

- At the central level:

+ President, Deputy President of the National Assembly; Head and Vice Head of a National Assembly’s committee; Chairperson and Vice Chairperson of the Ethnic Council; Director and Vice Director of a Department;

+ The State President, Deputy State President;

+ Prime Minister, Deputy Prime Minister;

+ Minister, Head of Minister-level bodies; Deputy Minister and equivalent; Director, Deputy General Director of a General Department and equivalent ; Director, Vice Director of an Administration or Authority and equivalent; Director, Vice Director of a Department and equivalent; 

+ Chief Justice, Deputy Chief Justice of the Supreme People’s Court; Chief Justice, Deputy Chief Justice, Judge and Vice Judge of the high-level People’s Court; Director, Vice Director of a General Department and equivalent; Director, Vice Director of an Administration or Authority and equivalent; Director, Vice Director of a Department and equivalent;   

+ Chief Procurator, Deputy Chief Procurator of the Supreme People’s Procuracy; Director, Deputy General Director of a General Department and equivalent; Director, Vice Director of an Administration or Authority and equivalent; Director, Vice Director of a Department and equivalent.

- At the provincial level:

+ Chairperson, Deputy Chairperson of the provincial-level People’s Council;

+ Chairperson, Deputy Chairperson of the provincial-level People’s Committee; Director, Vice Director of a Department and equivalent;

+ Chief Justice, Deputy Chief Justice, Judge, Deputy Judge of the provincial-level People’s Court; Chief Procurator, Deputy Chief Procurator of the provincial-level People's Procuracy.

- At the district level:

+ Chairperson, Deputy Chairperson of the district-level People’s Council;

+ President, Vice President of the district-level People’s Committee; Head, Vice Head of a professional division governed by the People’s Committee.

+ Chief Justice, Deputy Chief Justice, Judge, Deputy Judge of the district-level People’s Court; Chief Procurator, Deputy Chief Procurator of the district-level People's Procuracy.

- At the commune level:

+ Chairperson, Deputy Chairperson of the commune-level People’s Council;

+ President, Vice President of the commune-level People’s Committee.

Calculation formula:

Rate of female government leaders (%)

=

The number of female government leaders in the term t

x 100

The number of government leaders in the same term

2. Major classifications

- Group of state bodies;

- Administrative level;

- Ethnicity;

- Age group;

- Academic attainment.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The Ministry of Home Affairs, the National Assembly’s Office, the Supreme People’s Court and the Supreme People’s Procuracy.

 

03. Business enterprises, and economic, administrative and non-business institutions

0301. The number of institutions and employees working for economic or non-business institutions

1. Definition and calculation methodology

a) The number of economic, non-business institutions

Economic, non-business institutions (grassroots-level institutions) are defined as:

- locations where production, trading, service provision, non-business, political - social - occupational, social, social-occupational, religious and ritual institution’s, etc., activities directly take place;

- having the governing entity or person in charge of operations at these locations;

- having definite addresses;

- having regular or periodic operating time (depending on seasons or business practices, etc.).

Grassroots-level institutions may refer to a factory, workshop, branch, representative office, hotel, restaurant, shop, production point, sales point, terminal, port, school, hospital, church, temple or pagoda, etc.

The number of economic, non-business institution refers to the number of institutions conforming to the abovementioned definitions, operating in the national economy (except agriculture, forestry and fishery; the Communist Party, socio-political organizations, state management, national defence and security and compulsory social insurance operations) on the statistics date within the territory of Vietnam.

The number of economic, non-business institutions comprises:

- The number of institutions which are head offices of enterprises (a head office of an enterprise refers to an entity assuming responsibility for managing or administering operations of other entities within the same organization and management structure of this enterprise).

- The number of institutions which are branches, production or business units dependent upon, or directed or controlled by, head offices or other branches; dependent production, business institutions which may be branches, representative offices of an enterprise, administrative or non-business body, even when these institutions are only a division of production or business situated outside of registered addresses of that enterprise (or administrative, non-business body). Where an enterprise does not have any branch or dependent entity (also called single enterprise), this enterprise will be only one grassroots-level institution.

- Individual production and business institutions which are production and business institutions owned or co-owned respectively by an individual or group of people (individual or modest-sized ownership), not having obtained registration of their operations in accordance with the Corporate Law (classified as a type of enterprise).

- Non-business institutions operating in such sectors as science and technology; education and training; health care and public aid; sports and culture; religious association activities, etc. (generally called non-business sector).

b) The number of employees working for economic, non-business institutions

The number of employees working for economic, non-business institutions refers to all of the employees currently working for these institutions as of the statistics date, including those working full-time; working part-time; working as tenured employees; working as contract employees (fixed-term or indefinite-term employment contracts); working for their families without receiving any salary or wage; working under outsourced employees; working as direct employees; working as indirect employees, etc., even including persons who are staying away from work to look for new job offers, or waiting for their retirement benefits, but remain under grassroots-level institutions' jurisdiction.    

2. Major classifications

- Economic sector;

- Scale;

- Type of institution (economic, non-business or association-styled);

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Quinquennial.

4. Data sources: Economic census.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0302. The number of institutions and employees working for administrative institutions

1. Definition and calculation methodology

a) The number of administrative institutions

Administrative institutions (grassroots-level institutions) are defined as:

- Locations where the Communist Party, socio-political organization, state management, national defence and security and compulsory social insurance operations directly take place;

- having the governing entity or person in charge of operations at these locations;

- having definite addresses and continuous operating time.

Grassroots-level institutions may refer to a body or branch of an administrative institution.

The number of administrative institution refers to total institutions conforming to the abovementioned definitions, operating in the O sector according to the economic sector classification system, and performing the Communist Party, socio-political organizations, state management, national defence and security and compulsory social welfare operations on the statistics date within the territory of Vietnam.

b) The number of employees working for administrative institutions

The number of employees working for administrative institutions refers to all of the employees currently working for these institutions as of the statistics date, including those working as tenured employees; working as contract employees (fixed-term or indefinite-term employment contracts), even including those who are staying away from work to wait for new job offers, or expecting their retirement benefits, but remain under a grassroots-level institution's jurisdiction.

2. Major classifications

- Economic sector;

- Scale;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Quinquennial.

4. Data sources: Survey of administrative institutions.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The Ministry of Home Affairs.

 

0303. The number of individual business households and labor in the agriculture, forestry and fishery

1. Definition and calculation methodology

a) The number of individual business households in the agriculture, forestry and fishery

Individual business households in the agriculture, forestry and fishery refer to all of the households having all or a large part of labour directly or indirectly participating in agricultural, forestry and fishery production, self-organization of production, discretionary decision on all matters concerning their own production and business activities. 

Agricultural, forestry and fishery production households comprise those performing the following operations:

- Cropping activities: preparing soil, sowing or planting seeds, caring and harvesting agricultural crops;

- Animal raising activities: livestock, poultry and other farming;

- Agricultural service operations: Planting services, animal raising services, post-harvest services, etc.;

- Forest planting and care; production of timber and non-timber forest products; forestry services;

- Aquacultural activities: Fish, shrimp and other seafood farming (including those grown in cages or rafts) occurring on fresh, salt or brackish water surfaces;

- Fishery production activities by using engine-driven or manually-operated equipment on fresh, salt or brackish water surfaces.

b) The number of labor working for individual business households in the agriculture, forestry and fishery

refers to all of the working-age persons (males aged from 15 to under 60 years, and females aged from 15 to under 55 years) of individual business households in the agriculture, forestry and fishery having capacity to engage in production and business activities (except for handicapped, incapacitated persons who do not participate in production or business activities, and working-age learners or students currently attending classes), regardless of whether they are currently, or not yet, employed.

2. Major classifications

- Scale;

- Economic sector;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Quinquennial.

4. Data sources

- Rural and agricultural census;

- Mid-period rural and agricultural survey.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0304. The number of enterprises, and labor, capital, income, profit of enterprises

1. Definition and calculation methodology

- Enterprise refers to an institutional entity having its particular name, property, transaction office, and obtaining permission for the establishment registration in accordance with laws to serve business purposes.

With regard to enterprise types, in order to facilitate sufficient aggregation of statistical data by economic sectors, enterprises are classified into the followings:

+ State enterprises, including wholly state-owned enterprises which are centrally or locally-governed, and joint-stock enterprises of which more than 50% of domestic capital is owned by the State (for the purpose of data aggregation, an enterprise is denominated as a state enterprise if more than 50% of its capital is owned by the State).

+ Non-state enterprise, including domestically-invested enterprises of which the equity capital is privately owned by a single person or group of persons, or of which not more than 50% of the charter capital is owned by the State.   

+ Foreign-invested enterprises which are defined as enterprises receiving foreign investments, irrespective of proportion of equity participations of foreign investors. Section of foreign-invested entities, including wholly foreign-invested enterprises and joint ventures between foreign and domestic partners.

- Labour in an enterprise refers to the number of labour managed, utilized, paid wages or salaries by an enterprise.

- Capital of an enterprise refers to all of capital of an enterprise derived from different sources, including equity and liabilities.

- Income of employees working for an enterprise refers to aggregation of sums received by employees in consideration of their participation in operations of that enterprise. Income of an employee includes salary, bonus, allowance and other benefits having the nature of salary; social insurance cover paid instead of salary; other earning which is not included in operating expenses. 

- Profit of an enterprise refers to the amount of profit obtained within a specified year from production, trading, financial operations and others that arise in the year prior to the date of payment of corporate income tax (pre-tax profit)

2. Major classifications

- Operating scale;

- Economic activity;

- Economic sector;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

In particular, labour shall be further classified by sex.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources: Enterprise survey.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0305. Value added per a Vietnamese dong of fixed asset value of an enterprise

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Value added per a Vietnamese dong of fixed asset value of an enterprise refers to the ratio of the aggregate value added within a given study period to the aggregate fixed asset value estimated in that period. This indicator represents how many dongs of value added are generated per one dong of fixed asset value within a given study period (usually one calendar year).

Calculation formula:

Where:

H; Value added per a Vietnamese dong of fixed asset value;

Q: Value added within a given study period;

K: Average fixed asset value (based on the residual value) estimated within a given study period.

2. Major classifications

- Scale by capital;

- Economic activity;

- Economic sector;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources: Enterprise survey.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0306. Provision of an average amount of fixed assets for one employee of an enterprise

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Provision of an average amount of fixed assets for one employee of an enterprise refers to the comparison rate between total value of fixed assets and the number of employees working for that enterprise within a specified point of time (beginning or end of year), or within a given time period (a year on average), and value of an average amount of fixed assets per one employee working for that enterprise within a given study period.

Provision of an average amount of fixed assets for one employee of an enterprise may be calculated on the basis of the historical cost of these fixed assets (original cost) or the residual value of these fixed assets.

Calculation formula:

Where:

: Provision of an average amount of fixed assets for one employee;

: Value of an average amount of fixed assets of an enterprise used within a given time period, calculated by average of fixed asset value estimated at the beginning and end of that period;

: The average number of employees working for an enterprise within a given time period, calculated by average of the number of employees defined at the beginning and end of that period.

2. Major classifications

- Operating scale;

- Economic activity;

- Economic sector;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources: Enterprise survey.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0307. Rate of return of an enterprise

1. Definition and calculation methodology

a) Return on sales ratio

Refers to the comparison rate between total pre-tax profit obtained from production, trading and other operations within a given year and total revenue of an enterprise, which is reflecting how many dongs of profit are produced per one dong of sales within a specified period.

Calculation formula:

Return on sales ratio

=

Pre-tax profit

Sales generated within a given period

Where: Sales generated within a given period, including:

- Net sales generated from sale of goods and provision of services

Net sales generated from sale of goods and provision of services

=

Sales generated from sale of goods and provision of services

-

Deductions from sales

+ Sales generated from sale of goods and provision of services reflect total revenue generated from sale of goods, finished products, investment real estate and provision of services within a given year in an enterprise.

+ Deductions from sales reflect all of items entered as deductions from total sales within a given year, including trade discounts, sales rebates, sales returns and taxes, such as special excise duty, export duty and value added tax payables calculated under the direct subtraction method in proportion to the amount of revenue determined in that given year.

- Financial revenue reflects income derived from interest, royalties, dividends, distributed profits and other such income earned within a given year, including:

+ Interest: Interest on loans, bank deposits, deferred payment sales, instalment payments, investments in bonds, treasury bills, payment discounts received from purchase of goods or services, etc;

+ Dividends or distributed profits;

+ Income generated from purchase or sale of short-term or long-term securities;

+ Income generated from recovery or liquidation of equity participations in joint ventures, investments in associate companies, investments in subsidiary companies and other capital investments;

+ Income generated from other investment activities;

+ Exchange rate interest;

+ Interest differential on account of foreign currency sales;

+ Interest differential on account of equity transfer;

+ Other financial revenue accounts.

- Other income representing other revenue and non-operating income generated within a given year, including:

+ Income generated from disposition, sale and liquidation of fixed assets;

+ Interest differential on account of revaluation of raw materials, commodities, fixed assets used as equity participations in joint ventures, investments in associate companies or other long-term investments;

+ Income generated from asset sales and leases;

+ Collections of fees charged for customer's breach of contracts;

+ Collections of bad debts which have been written off;

+ Taxes reimbursed by the state budget;

+ Collections of debts owed to unknown creditors;

+ Bonuses paid to customers relating to consumption of goods, products and services, which are not included in revenue (where applicable);

+ Income generated from gifts or donations in cash or in kind of individuals or organizations to enterprises;

+ Income other than the abovementioned.

b) Return on equity ratio

Refers to the comparison rate between total pre-tax profit obtained from production, trading and other operations within a given year and total average equity within a specified period, which is reflecting how many dongs of profit are produced per one dong of equity.

Calculation formula:

Return on equity ratio

=

Pre-tax profit

Average equity specified within a given time period

Where:

Average equity specified within a given time period

=

Total equity specified in the beginning of a given period + Total equity specified at the end of a given period

2

2. Major classifications

- Operating scale;

- Economic activity;

- Economic sector;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources: Enterprise survey.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

04. Investment and construction

0401. Capital invested for the entire society

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Capital invested for the entire society refers to total capital spent on increasing or maintaining production capacity and resources to improve material and spiritual living standards for the entire society within a specified period (month, quarter or year). 

Elements of capital invested for the entire society shall comprise the followings:

a) Capital invested for formation of fixed assets defined as costs resulting in increases in fixed asset value, including capital invested in construction of new homes, architectural objects, purchase of fixed assets which is not carried out through capital construction process, and costs for major overhauls of fixed assets (i.e. pecuniary costs for new construction, expansion, re-construction, restoration or improvement of manufacturing capacity of fixed assets in the economy). All of costs for construction surveying, design and planning performed as preparations for investments, together with costs for installation of equipment which are also accounted for herein.

b) Capital invested in increasing current assets defined as costs for maintenance and development of production, including capital invested in purchase of raw materials, main or auxiliary materials, fuels, replacement parts and capital construction materials or equipment. This is a current capital which is supplemented during a study period.

c) Other invested capital including all of social investments used for the purpose of promoting social development capacity.  Social development plays its role in boosting up both fixed, current assets and other resources such as improving public intellectual standards, social welfare, ecological environment, assisting social problem prevention and elimination, and other developmental programs, including national programs or objectives for the purpose of improving community health, family planning; precious wildlife conservation program; educational universalization, human resource training programs; hunger eradication and poverty alleviation programs, etc.

Capital invested for the entire society shall not comprise investments that have the nature of transfer of the right to use or own, between individuals, resident households, enterprises or organizations, etc., but do not make any increase in, fixed or current assets in the economy on a national scale, such as disposal of land and houses, shops, equipment, machinery and other used fixed assets.

Capital invested for the entire society shall be classified by sources of investment capital, investment items, economic sectors, activities and centrally-governed provinces/ cities that receive investments.

- By sources of investment capital:

+ Funds derived from the State Budget referring to state expenditure used for making preparations for investments and executing programs or projects for investment in socio-economic infrastructure, and programs or projects incidental to socio-economic growth as well as other investing expenditure in accordance with laws.

Funds derived from the State Budget shall be disbursed as investments in socio-economic infrastructure projects which are not capable of direct capital redemption or fail to attract private sector involvements in the sectors or industries stipulated by laws.

Funds derived from the State Budget comprise investment capital derived from the central government budget and investment capital derived from the local government budget.

Investment capital having the nature of state budget which is derived from fees, charges, advertisements, national lotteries and land reserves, etc. to serve investment purposes shall be accounted for as the investment capital source derived from the state budget.

+ Funds derived from government bonds referring to the source of investment capital derived from bonds issued by the Ministry of Finance to mobilize capital invested in specific investment programs or projects qualifying for the state-funded investments.

On a local scale, local government bonds refer to the source of investment capital derived from the type of bond issued by the provincial People's Committee with the aim of mobilizing investment capital for local investment projects.

+ State investment and development credits referring to capital invested in projects that owners may borrow at a preferential interest rate to invest in significant sectors or industries, major state-run economic programs, disadvantaged regions eligible for the state incentive policies provided that these projects bring about positive socio-economic effects and ensure capacity for loan.

Investment projects qualifying for state investment and development credits are those registered in the list of projects permitted to receive investment credits which is annexed to the applicable Decree on state investment credits and export credits.

+ ODA capital and concessional credits of sponsors referring to investment capital coming into existence from developmental cooperations between the Socialist Republic of Vietnam and foreign-state sponsors, international, intergovernmental or interstate organizations.

ODA capital shall be composed of non-refundable ODA grants and ODA loans. 

Concessional credits are defined as a form whereby a loan is granted under terms and conditions which are more preferential than those applied to commercial loans, but its non-refundability elements have not yet to conform to ODA loan standards.

ODA capital and concessional credits which are borrowed by the Vietnamese Government for the purpose of commencing state-run investment programs or projects shall be accounted for as investment capital derived from the state budget on part of foreign capital.

+ Borrowed capital comprising capital borrowed from commercial banks and capital borrowed from other sources. This is an amount of money that project owners borrow from domestic credit institutions (with the exception of the abovementioned state investment credits), foreign banks, international organizations, or other institutions or individuals, for the purpose of investing in production and business activities.

+ Equity capital referring to capital possessed by project owners which is produced from profits set aside for investment purposes; from asset liquidation, fixed asset amortization, funds, mobilized shares, equity participations of joint venturists, etc.

+ Other capital referring to capital produced from voluntary contributions, donations, gifts of domestic and foreign organizations and individuals, and capital mobilized from sources other than the abovementioned.

- By investment items:

Investment capital is classified into investment capital used for capital construction, purchase of fixed assets used for production activities which are not subject to capital construction; repair or improvement of fixed assets; supplementation of current assets by equity capital; other investments.

In particular, investment capital used for capital construction makes up a largest proportion even though it does not include site clearance and compensation costs, technical worker and production manager training costs, land rentals or costs for purchase of the right to use land.  

Investment capital used for capital construction refers to an indicator reflecting all of the costs expressed in cash for the purpose of new construction, expansion, re-construction and restoration of fixed assets within a defined time period, including surveying and planning costs, costs for investment preparations and designs, construction costs, costs for purchase and installation of equipment and other costs which are allowed for in the general budget.

Based on study purposes, investment capital used for capital construction may be classified by different criteria. In addition to being classified by economic sectors, provinces/cities (or regions), investment capital used for capital construction is also classified by constituents arranged into 3 main groups as follows: 

+ Capital invested in construction and installation of equipment (construction capital) referring to a portion of investment capital for capital construction spent on construction and installation of machinery, equipment for construction sites, including costs for construction works, costs for installation of machinery or equipment at construction sites, and costs for completion of construction works.

+ Capital invested in purchase of machinery, equipment (equipment capital) referring to a portion of capital invested in capital construction which is spent on purchase of machinery, equipment, tools, instruments, cattle meeting fixed asset standards in accordance with current regulations, including value of equipment, machinery, tools, instruments, cattle considered as fixed assets, costs for pre-installation transportation, storage, processing and inspection thereof. Equipment capital shall be also composed of value of purchase of installed or non-installed equipment and machinery. 

+ Other investment capital used for capital construction referring to a portion of capital invested in capital construction other than both construction and equipment capital, including costs for consultancy, surveying investment, design, administration, site clearance, training of employees eligible for acquiring and operating projects, and other expenses. 

- By economic sectors, investment capital shall be classified into 3 groups of economic sectors:

+ Investment capital intended for the state economic sector;

+ Investment capital intended for the non-state economic sector;

+ Investment capital intended for the foreign direct investment sector.

- By economic sectors: Investment capital is classified by economic sectors in the Vietnam standard industry classification system (VSIC).

- By centrally-governed provinces/ cities.

2. Major classifications

a) For a period of a month, it is classified by level of management (central and local).

b) For a period of a quarter, it is classified by economic sector.

c) For a period of a year, it is classified by:

- Investment capital source;

- Investment item;

- Economic activity;

- Economic sector;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Monthly, quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources

- Invested capital survey;

- Enterprise survey;

- Non-farm individual production and business establishment survey;

- Administrative data;

- Statistical reporting regulation.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal investigator: The General Statistics Office;

- Collaborator: The Ministry of Finance.

 

0402. Ratio of capital invested for the entire society to gross domestic product

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Ratio of capital invested for the entire society to gross domestic product refers to a percent proportion of capital invested for the entire society to gross domestic product during a given time period.

Calculation formula:

Ratio of capital invested for the entire society to gross domestic product (%)

=

Capital invested for the entire society within a given year, based on current prices

x 100

Gross domestic product determined within that year, based on the current prices

2. Major classifications: Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- The same as that mentioned in 0401;

- The same as that mentioned in 0501.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0403. Incremental capital output ratio (ICOR)

1. Definition and calculation methodology

The ICOR refers to a general economic indicator representing how many dongs of incremental investment capital necessary to generate 1 additional dong of gross domestic product (GDP). The ICOR factor changes based on actual socio-economic conditions existing over time periods, investment mechanism and capital efficiency. If the ICOR factor is low, it indicates high investment efficiency, and vice versa.

Calculation formula:

Where:

ICOR - Incremental capital output;

V1 – Capital invested in a study year;

G1 – Gross domestic product determined in a study year;

G0 – Gross domestic product determined in the year preceding the study year.

Investment capital and gross domestic product indicators used as the basis for calculation of the ICOR factor must be measured based on the same type of price: Current or constant prices. When calculating this indicator at current prices, that price must be determined in the same year. Specifically, GDP specified in the year preceding the study year (G0) must be converted into GDP at current prices in the study period (the current price used for calculation of G1).

2. Major classifications

- Economic activity;

- Economic sector.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- The same as that mentioned in 0401;

- The same as that mentioned in 0501.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0404. Newly-increased capacity for the economy

1. Definition and calculation methodology

The newly-increased capacity for the economy refers to outcomes produced from investment in construction of new homes, architectural objects, investment in fixed assets which is not made through capital construction, and investment in repair of fixed assets (expansion, restoration, improvement of production capacity of fixed assets) which are expressed the in-kind form, such as construction works, equipment, machinery and other fixed assets for production purposes ready for use within a given study period.

The capacity newly increased within a given year for economic sectors or activities is very great, which is expressed in different types, including traffic roads, bridges, airports, seaports, water irrigation works, factories, power plants, hospitals, schools, television broadcast stations, museums and cultural houses, etc.

Calculation method:

Newly-increased capacity refers to the designed capacity for performing production operations or being auxiliary thereto, which is determined in the process of commissioning of fixed assets.  It is expressed in the unit which is the same as that used for calculation of the designed capacity determined under the process of handing over these fixed assets before being brought into operation.

In case of expansion, replacement or step-by-step restoration of fixed assets (including the entire construction work, single construction work items, equipment or machinery, etc.), only newly-increased capacity produced from such investments shall be calculated (calculation of the capacity of preexisting construction works or construction work items shall not be allowed).  

2. Major classifications: Sector receiving investment.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- Invested capital survey;

- Enterprise survey;

- Individual production and business establishment survey;

- Administrative data.

- Statistical reporting regulation.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0405. Construction floor area of a completely-built house

1. Definition and calculation methodology

The construction floor area of a completely-built house refers to the gross area of a completely built house handed over within a given period (usually a calendar year) for living and daily activity purposes to family households or individual inhabitants.  

Calculation method:

The construction floor area of a completely-built house is composed of areas of newly-built houses in a given year and areas of rooms which are newly constructed during the process of expansion of, or story addition to, existing houses.    

a) Apartment house refers to an apartment building having at least two storeys, multiple flats, shared passageways and stairways, privately or commonly-owned spaces, shared facility systems intended for family households, individuals or organizations, which comprises apartment buildings constructed for residential and mixed-use (both residential and commercial) purposes. 

With respect to a single apartment unit, it is the gross living floor area used by a household, exclusive of the shared area used by single households in an apartment building, including area of shared stairways, passageways, corridors, kitchens, restrooms, guard booths and cultural halls, etc.   

b) Separate home refers to a dwelling structure built on a single housing land plot legally owned by an organization, family household or individual, including villas, attached and detached homes.

In respect of single family homes (including villas), it is the gross living floor area used by a household, inclusive of areas of all sleeping rooms, guest rooms, reading rooms or recreation rooms, etc., and areas of corridors, stairways and entrance halls thereof.    Calculation of areas of separate homes which are not used for residential purposes, such as animal farming houses, kitchens, restrooms or warehouses which are built separately from main houses for residential purposes, shall not be required.

- With respect to a single-story home, the gross floor and wall area (areas on which such home's ceiling or roof is built) of that home shall be calculated. In case of shared walls and column frames, only half of the area occupied by such walls and column frames shall be calculated.

- With respect to a multiple-story home, the gross floor and wall area (areas on which such home's ceiling or roof is built) of that home shall be calculated. In case of shared walls and column frames, only half of the area occupied by such walls and column frames shall be calculated.

- The area of groundfloor and space underneath a groundfloor, which is not enclosed and used for living purposes, shall be excluded. Where space underneath the groundfloor is at least 2.1 meters high, is enclosed and used for living or staying purposes, calculation of area of that space shall be required.

Conventions:

- If kitchen and toilet area are contiguous to a house in which a household is living (shared use or shared walls), area of that kitchen and toilet area shall be included in total area of that house.

- If kitchen and toilet area are absolutely separate from (independent of) a house in which a household is living, even when they are built in close proximity to each other, area of that kitchen and toilet area shall be excluded from calculation of total area of that house.

- With respect to a house/apartment with closed kitchen and toilet area as illustrated above, area of that house/apartment shall be calculated inside the dotted line.

- If a house/apartment has a loft having the ceiling height of at least 2.1 m and the minimum area of 4 m2, the area of this loft shall be included in total area of that house/apartment.

2. Major classifications

- Accommodation type (apartment house, separate home);

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Quinquennial.

4. Data sources

- Construction activity survey;

- Enterprise survey;

- Statistical reporting regulation.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal investigator: The General Statistics Office;

- Collaborator: The Ministry of Construction.

 

0406. The number of dwelling houses, total area of currently existing and used dwelling houses

1. Definition and calculation methodology

The number of currently existing and used dwelling houses refers to the total number of apartments in an apartment building and separate homes actually existing as of the reporting date.

The area of existing and used dwelling house refer to the construction floor area of dwelling house in which a family household or individual inhabitant is living or staying, or currently used, as of the reporting date.  

Calculation method

- Method for calculation of the number of existing and used dwelling houses:

+ The number of existing and used dwelling houses shall be calculated according to the principle whereby uses of these houses, whether for family household’s or individual inhabitant’s living or staying purposes, must be identified. Calculation of the number of such houses which are not used for living or staying purposes, such as commercial houses, hospitals, schools, houses for rent, hotels, houses used as warehouses, animal raising farms, kitchens or bathrooms, etc., shall not be required.

+ Only currently existing and used dwelling houses, or those ready for residential purposes, irrespective of lifespan, accommodation type, actual state (determining whether new or old) and ownership form, shall be calculated.

+ The houses, including apartment units in apartment buildings, community houses which are not apartment units, separate homes of family households or individual residents, currently existing as of the reporting date, shall be all totaled.

- In regard of the method for calculation of the total area of currently existing and used dwelling houses, the total floor area of a house/apartment shall be calculated as follows:

+ With respect to apartment units in apartment buildings, it is the gross floor area used by a household, exclusive of the shared areas such as shared stairways, passageways, corridors, kitchens, restrooms, guard booths and cultural halls, etc.   

+ In respect of separate homes (including villas), it is the construction floor area used for living or staying purposes by family households or individual inhabitants, inclusive of areas of all sleeping rooms, guest rooms, reading rooms or recreation rooms, etc., and areas of corridors, stairways and entrance halls thereof. Calculation of the area of separate homes which are not used for living or staying purposes by family households, including animal farming houses, kitchens, restrooms or warehouses, shall not be required.

The area of groundfloor and space underneath a groundfloor which is not covered and used for living purposes shall not be included. Where space underneath the groundfloor is at least 2.1 meters high, is covered and used for living or staying purposes, calculation of the area of that space shall not be required.

2. Major classifications

a) Accommodation type:

- Apartment house;

- Separate home.

b) Solidity level:

- Fully solid home;

- Semi-solid home;

- Insufficiently solid home;

- Primitive home.

c) Ownership form:

- State-owned house;

- Collectively-owned house;

- Privately-owned house;

- Individually foreign-owned house.

d) Year of construction.

dd) Urban/ rural.

e) Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Quinquennial.

4. Data sources

- Population and housing census;

- Mid-quinquennial population and housing survey.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal investigator: The General Statistics Office;

- Collaborator: The Ministry of Construction.

 

0407. Average floor space of dwelling house per capita

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Average floor space of dwelling house per capital is calculated by dividing the gross living floor area used by a resident household by the population of household residents.  

Calculation formula:

Average floor space of dwelling house per capita (m2)

=

The gross living floor area used by a resident household

The population of household residents

Living floor area refers to the space used for living and dwelling purposes by household residents, including the areas of dining, sleeping, study and recreation rooms, and the space which is altered or expanded to serve living and dwelling purposes. Areas of subordinate structures (such as bathrooms, restrooms or kitchens), storage facilities, and the area used for commercial purposes, shall be exempted from calculation. 

2. Major classifications

- Ownership;

- Accommodation type;

- Urban/ rural;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Quinquennial.

4. Data sources

- Population and housing census;

- Mid-quinquennial population and housing survey.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal investigator: The General Statistics Office;

- Collaborator: The Ministry of Construction.

 

05. National accounts

0501. Gross domestic product (GDP)

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Gross domestic product is defined as the value of all the final goods and services produced by the economy during a given time period (quarter or year). This means that the value of intermediate goods or services used for making finished products is not counted. GDP represents the final result of production activity created by resident institutional units within a specified economic territory of a country.

GDP can be generally viewed in different ways:

- Consumption (expenditure) view: GDP is the aggregate demand of an economy, consisting of household final consumption, government final consumption, asset accumulation, and difference between imports and exports.

- Income view: GDP is the sum of compensation of employees generated by their participation in production, indirect taxes, depreciation of fixed assets used in production and operating surplus within a given time period.

- Production view: GDP equals the gross output value minus intermediate consumption.

Calculation method:

a) By current prices

There are 3 approaches of GDP calculation

- Production approach: GDP equals the gross value added at a basic price in all economic activities plus product taxes minus product subsidies.

Calculation formula:

Gross domestic product (GDP)

=

The gross value added at a basic price in all economic activities

+

Product taxes

-

Product subsidies

- Income approach: GDP equals the sum of incomes generated by factors of production, such as labor, capital, land and machinery. For the purpose of this approach, GDP consists of 4 components: Compensation of employees participating in production (in cash and in kind that may be converted into cash), indirect taxes (less subsidies), depreciation of fixed assets used in production and operating surplus/ mixed income.

Calculation formula:

Gross domestic product (GDP)

=

Compensation of employees participating in production

+

Indirect taxes (less subsidies on production)

+

Depreciation of fixed assets used in production

+

Operating surplus or mixed income

- Consumption (expenditure) approach: GDP is the sum of 3 components consisting of household and government final consumption, total accumulation of assets (fixed assets, current assets, rare and precious assets) and total difference between imports and exports of goods and services.

Calculation formula:

Gross domestic product (GDP)

=

Final consumption

+

Asset accumulation

+

Difference between exports and imports of goods and services

b) By constant prices

GDP by constant prices shall be indirectly calculated by the difference between the total value of production output and the total value of intermediate consumption at constant prices (since GDP or value added indicator cannot be decomposed into price and quantity components, appropriate price indexes are not available to be used for the direct deflation).   

The reporting year’s import duties are measured at constant prices by the following formula:

The reporting year’s import duties measured at constant prices

=

The reporting year’s total value of imports measured at constant prices

x

The reporting year’s import duties measured at current prices

The reporting year’s import value measured at current prices

In addition to calculation of GDP at constant prices by using the production approach, the consumption method may be employed to calculate that GDP. This means that GDP at constant prices equals the sum of final consumption at constant prices, asset accumulation at constant prices and differences in exports and imports of goods and services at constant prices.

Final consumption at constant prices is measured by dividing final consumption by groups of goods and services by the consumer price index (CPI) or the price index of production of goods and services measured within a given reporting period in comparison with that of respective groups thereof measured within a predetermined base period.

Asset accumulation at constant prices is measured by the following formula:

The year t’s asset accumulation at constant prices according to specific asset types

=

The year t’s asset accumulation at current prices according to specific asset types

The price index of production according to asset types measured in the year t compared with that measured in a given base year

Imports or exports of goods are measured at constant prices by the following formula:

Total value of exports/imports measured at constant prices

=

The reporting year’s total value of exports/ imports measured in USD

Price index of exports/imports measured in USD in a given reporting year compared with that measured in a predetermined base year x USD price index 

2. Major classifications

a) For a period of a quarter, it is classified by:

- Economic activity and group of activities;

- Purpose of use (including asset accumulation, final consumption, difference in exports and imports).

b) For a period of 6 months, 9 months or a year, it is classified by:

- Economic activity;

- Economic sector (entire year);

- Purpose of use (including asset accumulation, final consumption, difference in exports and imports);

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Quarterly, biannual, triquarterly, annual.

4. Data sources

- Enterprise survey;

- Individual production and business establishment survey;

- Survey and collection of information used for formulation of the inter-sectoral balance sheet and calculation of intermediate input factor;

- Survey and collection of information used for calculation of production value and value-added indicators of non-business units and non-profit organizations;

- Administrative data;

- Statistical reporting regulation.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0502. Structure of gross domestic product

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Structure of gross domestic product refers to the proportion of value added which is created by economic activities/ groups of economic activities and product taxes minus product subsidies, economic sectors, etc. to the gross domestic product. Structure of gross domestic product shall be calculated at current prices.

The proportion of GDP contribution by economic activities (group of economic activities) or economic sector shall be calculated according to the following formula:

Where:

Ki: Composition of ith economic activity, group of economic activities and economic sector;

Ii:  Value added of ith economic activity, group of economic activities and economic sector;

GDP: Gross domestic product.

2. Major classifications

a) For a period of a quarter, it is classified by:

- Economic activity;

- Purpose of use.

b) For a period of a year, it is classified by:

- Economic activity;

- Economic sector;

- Purpose of use.

3. Release period: Quarterly, annual.

4. Data source: The same as the data source used in the indicator 0501.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0503. GDP growth rate

1. Definition and calculation methodology

a) Quarterly, biannual, triquarterly, annual calculation of GDP growth rate

Quarterly, biannual, triquarterly, annual (periodic) GDP growth rate refers to the percent ratio of growth of GDP estimated in the current period to that estimated in the same period in the previous year.

The GDP growth rate is measured at constant prices according to the following formula:

GDP growth rate (%)

=

GDPn1

x 100 - 100

GDPn0

Where:

GDPn1: GDP at constant prices in a period of a quarter, 6 months, 9 months or a given reporting period;

GDPn0: GDP at constant prices in a period of a quarter, 6 months, 9 months or the year preceding the reporting year.

b) Calculation of average GDP growth rate by time periods (multiple years)

Calculation formula:

Where:

dGDP: Average GDP growth rate estimated in the specified year of a given period; from the time after the constant-price base year to the nth year;

GDPn: GDP at constant prices estimated in the last year (nth year) of a given study period;

GDP0: GDP at constant prices estimated in the constant-price base year of a given study period;

n – The number of years starting from the constant-price base year to the reporting year.

2. Major classifications

a) For a period of a quarter, it is classified by:

- Economic activity and group of economic activities;

- Purpose of use.

b) For a period of 6 months, 9 months or a year, it is classified by:

- Economic activity and group of economic activities;

- Economic sector (a period of a year);

- Purpose of use;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Quarterly, biannual, triquarterly, annual.

4. Data source: Quarterly and annual reports on GDP and value added data of economic activities, groups of economic activities, product taxes or economic sectors, etc. prepared according to constant prices quoted by the General Statistics Office.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0504. Green gross domestic product (Green GDP)

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Green GDP refers to the remaining part of GDP after expenses incurred by treatment of waste substances discharged from production, consumption, and by natural resource depletion and environmental damages due to economic activities.

Calculation of green GDP, otherwise known as environmental accounting, in the System of National Accounts (SEEA) is a step in establishing the complete UN system of national accounts.  The green GDP indicator is calculation on the basis of the method for calculation of GDP in the system of national accounts.

Green GDP = GDP - Ω

Ω: Expenses incurred by treatment of wastes, consumption of natural resources by economic activities, including:

- Expenses incurred by treatment of wastes discharged from manufacturing and consumption activities that need to be treated;

- Value of production of natural resource extraction industries;

- Land-use costs.

2. Major classifications: Economic activity or group of economic activities.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- GDP: The same as the data source used in the indicator 0501;

- Thematic investigation into types of pollutants, waste substances, and information on environmental protection activities and costs;

- Investigation into impacts of production activities and use of products with environmental impacts;

- Report on GDP and value added data of economic activities or groups of economic activities.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0505. GDP per capita (expressed in VND or USD)

1. Definition and calculation methodology

GDP per capita is calculated by dividing GDP estimated in a given year by the total population estimated in that year.  GDP per capita may be calculated by using either current prices, assigned local or foreign currency units, or else constant prices with the aim of measuring the growth rate.

Calculation formula:

GDP per capita (VND/person)

=

GDP estimated within a given year (expressed in VND)

Average population estimated within the same year

GDP per capita in foreign currency units is calculated by using USD quoted at the current and purchasing power parity exchange rate.

GDP per capita (expressed in USD or purchasing power parity).

=

GDP per capita (expressed in VND)

Average VND/USD exchange rate or purchasing power parity estimated within a given year

2. Major classifications: Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- GDP: The same as the data source used in the indicator 0501;

- Population and housing census;

- Mid-year population and housing survey;

- Population change and family planning survey;

- Average VND/USD exchange rate, purchasing power parity exchange rate released by the General Statistics Office with reference to those reported by the State Bank and announced by the United Nations Statistics Division. 

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0506. Asset accumulation

Gross asset accumulation

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Gross asset accumulation is defined as a general economic indicator reflecting expenditure on investment in fixed assets, current assets, precious and rare assets in a specified time period. This indicator is total investment in production inputs, only including produced inputs (such as machinery, construction structures, traffic roads, bridges, means of transportation, original art – culture pieces, etc.) and costs of renovation and improvement of capacity of non-produced assets (such as improvement of capacity of land, natural resources, etc.).

Gross asset accumulation is arranged into asset classification groups or types, and is calculated at current and constant prices. <>

a) Fixed asset accumulation

Fixed asset accumulation refers to all of the portions of high value assets which are newly increased within a given time period, used repeatedly and have their useful life span of at least 1 year for the purpose of performing production operations. Value of newly-increased asset is produced from results of investments made within a given year by resident units of economic activities and sectors.

Accumulation of fixed assets, including tangible and intangible assets, shall cover the following circumstances:

- Production units receiving and liquidating new and existing tangible fixed assets;

- Production units receiving and liquidating intangible fixed assets;

- Fees for disposal, sale and purchase of existing tangible and intangible assets, including commissions paid to business brokers, and fees paid for legalization of asset ownership rights, etc.;  

- Costs of major improvements of non-produced (non-renewable) tangible assets such as agricultural land, etc.;

- Costs of major repairs made for the purpose of increasing production capacity of fixed assets; 

- Acquisition of fixed assets under finance leases.

Calculation method

- Fixed asset accumulation at current prices

Fixed asset accumulation is calculated by subtracting fixed assets liquidated from value of fixed assets (even self-produced assets) received within a given time period by institutional units.

In effect, based on current accounting and statistical reporting regulations, there shall be two following calculation methods:

1st method: Fixed asset increase/decrease-based method

Accumulation of fixed assets by specific types is calculated according to the following general formula:

Fixed asset accumulation

=

Total closing value of fixed assets at historical cost

-

Total opening value of fixed assets at historical cost

+

Fixed asset revaluation increase

-

Fixed asset revaluation decrease

2nd method: Method of capital invested for the entire society

This method requires information about capital invested in capital construction for the entire society within a given year. However, not all of capital invested in capital construction for the entire society shall be accounted for as part of fixed asset accumulation because a certain portion of capital of this kind is not associated with any increase in fixed assets, including some portions of capital used for purchasing current assets as preparations for fixed asset investment projects, compensations for crops, site clearance, and for constructing temporary construction tents or camps, etc. 

In this method, fixed asset accommodation shall be calculated according to the following formula:

Fixed asset accumulation within a specified period

=

Total capital invested in capital construction for the entire society within a specified period

-

Investment capital which does not entail any fixed asset increase

- Fixed asset accumulation at constant prices:

For the purpose of calculation of fixed asset accumulation, fixed assets need to be classified into fixed assets which are dwelling homes, construction structures, architectural objects, machinery, equipment, or cultivated fixed assets, etc. so that the price index of production and the price index of production input are relevant to specific asset types to be converted into constant prices, specifically including the following circumstances: 

+ With respect to fixed assets which are dwelling homes, construction structures and other architectural objects, capital work in progress, the indices of deflated production value of specific groups of construction activities which are relative to the abovementioned assets shall be used for calculation of conversion from current prices into constant prices.   The index of deflated production value of a group of economic activities is equal to the ratio of production value at current prices and production value at constant prices within a given reporting year in that group;

+ With respect to fixed assets which are machinery, equipment or means of transportation, the index of price of machinery, equipment and means of transportation shall be used for calculation of conversion into constant prices;

+ With respect to fixed assets which are crop and animal products, products from crop and animal farming operations shall be separated for calculation of fixed asset accumulation, and then the index of deflated crop and animal production value shall be used for calculation of conversion of respective fixed assets from current prices into constant prices; 

+ With respect to intangible assets, the consumer price index (CPI) shall be used for calculation of conversion from current prices into constant prices;

+ With respect to fixed assets created by reclamation and improvement of land, development of plantations and orchards, and those which are fees for transfer of rights to use assets, the index of deflated production value of capital construction industry shall be used for calculation of conversion from current prices into constant prices;

+ With respect to fixed assets which are common livestock or poultry, the producer price index of animal farming products shall be used for calculation of conversion from current prices into constant prices.

b) Current asset accumulation

Current assets comprise raw materials, fuels used for production operations, unfinished products, finished inventories, goods purchased for resale

Calculation method:

- Current asset accumulation at current prices:

Accumulation of current assets by specific types is calculated according to the following general formula:

Current asset accumulation

=

Closing value of current assets

-

Opening value of current assets

+

Current asset revaluation increase

-

Current asset revaluation decrease

- Current asset accumulation at constant prices:

For the purpose of calculation of accumulation of current assets at constant prices, these current assets need to be classified into the following groups: raw materials, finished inventories, unfinished products, etc., and then shall be converted into constant prices by using price indices relevant to each type of fixed asset.  There are specific circumstances as follows:

+ With respect to current assets which are raw materials or fuels, the index of producer prices by each group of current assets shall be used for calculation of conversion. Specifically, the index of producer prices for raw materials shall be used for calculation of deflation in accumulation of current assets which are raw materials.

+ With respect to accumulation of current assets which are fuels, the index of producer prices for fuels shall be used for calculating deflation.

+ With respect to finished inventories, unfinished products, etc., the producer price index shall be used for calculation of conversion from current prices into constant prices.

c) Precious and rare asset accumulation

Precious and rare assets are held by organizations or individuals (including consumer resident households) to serve the purpose of conserving property value. Precious and rare assets are not subject to wear and tear, and are not usually devaluated over time.

Calculation formula:

Precious and rare asset accumulation

=

Total value of precious and rare assets received within a given time period

-

Total value of disposal of precious and rare assets within a given time period

Or

Precious and rare asset accumulation

=

Total closing value of precious and rare assets

-

Total opening value of precious and rare assets

 

Precious and rare asset accumulation at constant prices

=

Precious and rare asset accumulation at current prices

Gold price index estimated within a given reporting year compared with that estimated within a given base year  

2. Major classifications

a) For a period of a quarter, it is classified by asset type (fixed or current asset).

b) For a period of a year, it is classified by:

- Asset type (fixed or current asset);

- Economic sector.

3. Release period: Quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources

- Survey of living standards of Vietnamese population;

- Enterprise survey;

- Individual production and business establishment survey;

- Statistical reporting regulation.

 

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

II. Net asset accumulation

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Net asset accumulation equals gross asset accumulation less fixed asset depreciation.

Net asset accumulation includes the component of gross asset accumulation minus fixed asset depreciation.

Calculation method:

- Net asset accumulation at current prices

Net asset accumulation at current prices estimated within a given time period

=

Gross asset accumulation at current prices estimated within a given time period

-

Fixed asset depreciation at current prices estimated within a given time period

- Net asset accumulation at constant prices

Net asset accumulation at constant prices estimated within a given time period

=

Gross asset accumulation at constant prices estimated within a given time period

-

Fixed asset depreciation at constant prices estimated within a given time period

Fixed asset depreciation at constant prices is calculated based on the ration of fixed asset depreciation at current prices to total value of fixed assets at current and constant prices.

2. Major classifications

- Asset type;

- Economic sector.

3. Release period: Quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources

- Survey of living standards of Vietnamese population;

- Enterprise survey;

- Individual production and business establishment survey;

- Administrative data;

- Statistical reporting regulation.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0507. Final consumption

I. Government final consumption expenditure

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Government final consumption expenditure refers to total value of goods and services that the government has used for satisfaction of its regular demands with respect to state management, national defense, security and compulsory social welfare, etc.

Value of public utility products and services is generated by state bodies in the exercise of legislative, executive and judicial authority, authority over public scientific research projects, socio-political institutions, community service providers, etc. at the central to commune level in order to perform and maintain regular operations of the Government within a specified time period.   <>

- a) At current prices:

Government final consumption expenditure

=

Value of production outputs of scientific and technological activities, state management and national defence and security, compulsory social welfare, community service activities   

-

Value of production outputs of these activities sold in the market (if any) and value of self-production thereof for accumulation purposes (if any)

- At constant prices:

Government final consumption expenditure estimated at constant prices

=

Government final consumption expenditure estimated at current prices (estimated in the reporting year)

Price index of deflated production value of relevant activities under state management estimated in a given reporting year in comparison with that estimated in a base year    

2. Major classifications: Management function.

3. Release period: Quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

II. Household final consumption expenditure

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Household final consumption expenditure refers to total value of goods and services that individual households have used for satisfaction of their daily physical and spiritual demands within a given year, including:

- Final consumption expenditure derived from by household income defined as total expenditure in the household budget used for consumption and self-consumption of goods and services that all household residents use in their daily lives. This final consumption is characterized as a reduction in the household budget, including expenditure of a household on hiring of employees doing housework in this household, but excluding expenditure on production operations.

- Final consumption expenditure of households that consume goods and services free of charge defined as goods and services that resident units affiliated with the state and non-profit sector directly provide to household residents free of charge, such as medical, cultural and educational goods or services, etc.

a) Household final consumption expenditure derived from household income

Household final consumption expenditure derived from household income

=

Final consumption expenditure on household’s purchase of goods and services

+

Final consumption expenditure on household’s self-supplied products   

- Final consumption expenditure on household’s purchase of goods and services derived from the household budget. This is calculated by two following methods:

1st method: based on expenditure of the household budget

Household final consumption expenditure derived from annual income

=

Average final consumption expenditure on market-based purchases per a household or household resident within a given year

x

The average number of households or household residents

This formula is used for calculating this indicator by specific types of product and household or household resident within urban and rural regions.

2nd method: based on total retail sales of consumer goods and services

Household final consumption expenditure

=

Total retail sales of consumer goods and services

-

Value of products purchased by manufacturing units

+

Value of purchased products not included in total retail trade of consumer or self-produced and self-consumed goods and services for final consumption purposes

Value of goods and services purchased by households to satisfy their consumption demands within a given year, which is not included in the total retail sales, shall be particularly calculated by specific types of final consumption as follows:

+ Final consumption of electricity

Final consumption

=

Total KW of commercial electricity used for daily lives of resident households

x

Price per kWh

+ Final consumption of water

Final consumption

=

Total m3 of tap water purchased by households within a given year

x

Price per m3

+ Final consumption of goods and services related to transportation, post, tourism, culture, health and education, etc.

Final consumption

=

Value of production output of goods and services related to transportation, post, tourism, culture, health and education, etc.

-

Value of products in the sector of transportation, post, tourism, culture, health and education, etc. purchased by production units

-

Value of products in the sector of transportation, post, tourism, culture, health and education, etc. provided to households free of charge

-

Value of products in the sector of transportation, post, tourism, culture, health and education, etc. which have been exported (if any)

+ Final consumption of banking and insurance services representing value of production output of banking and insurance operations allocated to their resident household sector.

+ Final consumption of lottery operations representing total value of production output thereof.

+ Final consumption of housework activities performed by hired employees representing total production value thereof in resident households.

- Final consumption of self-created and self-consumed products  

Final consumption of self-created and self-consumed products must be part of value which has been included in production value of an industry or activity, including:

+ Final consumption of physical objects in the sector of agriculture, forestry, fishery and handicraft, etc.

+ Final consumption of self-owned, self-occupied houses, etc.

Self consumption of physical products shall be calculated according to the following formula:

Self-consumption

=

Self-consumption per a household or household resident respondent 

x

The total number of households or household residents

This formula is used for calculating this indicator by specific types of product and household or household resident within urban and rural regions.

Self-consumption of self-owned, self-occupied housing services: Value of self-owned and self-occupied houses shall be considered as an activity providing housing services for their own use.

b) Final consumption expenditure of households consuming goods and services free of charge:

- Final consumption of goods and services without charge paid via state organizations.

Calculation formula:

Free-of-charge final consumption of goods and services related to transportation, post, tourism, culture, health and education

=

Value of production output of transportation, post, tourism, culture, health and education sectors and activities

-

Value of production output of goods and services related to transportation, post, tourism, culture, health and education sectors or activities sold in the market to serve production, final consumption and exporting purposes

- Final consumption of goods and services without charge paid via other organizations (non-state, charity, religious organizations, associations, etc.)

Calculation formula:

Final consumption of goods and services without charge paid via other organizations (non-state, charity, religious organizations, associations)

=

Value of production output of activities of these organizations

-

Value of activities of these organizations sold in the market (if any)

c) Based on the abovementioned calculation results, household final consumption shall be classified into the following forms of consumption:

- Household final consumption expenditure by users:

Household final consumption by users

=

Household final consumption expenditure derived from household income

+

Final consumption expenditure of households consuming goods and services free of charge

- Household final consumption by resident units

Household final consumption by resident units

=

Final consumption expenditure on purchase of goods and services derived from the household (individual) budget

+

Value of goods and services purchased by households (individuals) for consumption purposes, which is not included in total retail sales

+

Final consumption of self-supplied products 

+

Final consumption of households (individuals) consuming goods and services free of charge (section 1.2 clause b)

+ Household final consumption by territories

Household final consumption by territories

=

Individual (household) final consumption derived from total retail sales

+

Value of goods and services purchased by households (individuals) for consumption purposes, which is not included in total retail sales

+

Final consumption of self-supplied products 

+

Final consumption of individuals (households) consuming goods and services free of charge

Currently, the General Statistics Office calculates and releases final consumption expenditure by spending entities (at constant prices)

Calculation formula:

Household final consumption expenditure on household’s purchase of goods and services in the market derived from the household budget at constant prices

=

Household final consumption expenditure on purchase of goods and services derived from the household (individual) budget at current prices estimated within a given reporting year

Consumer price index (CPI) estimated within a given reporting year compared with that estimated within a given base year  

This indicator is calculated in detail by specific groups of products.

Household final consumption of self-supplied products at constant prices  

=

Household final consumption of self-supplied products at current prices (estimated within a given reporting year) in specific product industries  

Deflation indices of specific industries estimated within a given reporting year compared with that estimated within a given base year    

This indicator is calculated in detail by specific product industries.

Household final consumption expenditure of households consuming goods and services free of charge at constant prices

=

Final consumption expenditure of households consuming goods and services free of charge at current prices (estimated within a given reporting year) in specific product industries  

Index of deflation in value of production outputs of respective product industries estimated within a given reporting year compared with that estimated within a given base year

2. Major classifications

a) For a period of a quarter, it is classified by:

- Purpose;

- User.

b) For a period of a year, it is classified by:

- Purpose;

- Spender/ user.

3. Release period: Quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources

- Economic census;

- Population and housing census;

- Mid-year population and housing survey;

- Enterprise survey;

- Individual production and business establishment survey;

- Survey of living standards of Vietnamese population;

- Survey and collection of information used for formulation of the inter-sectoral balance sheet and calculation of intermediate input factor;

- Statistical reporting regulation.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0508. Gross national income (GNI)

1. Definition and calculation methodology

NationaI income is defined as an indicator reflecting primary income results produced from ownership factors of a country participating in production operations within the territory of that country or abroad during a specified time period, usually a year.

GNI is a balancing indicator of the primary income distribution account.  Therefore, calculation of this indicator requires formulation of production accounts and income generation accounts, or is based on the GDP and relevant indicator.

a) At current prices

Gross national income (GNI)

=

GDP

+

Difference between income remitted inward by Vietnamese employees working abroad and income remitted outward by foreign employees working in Vietnam  

+

Difference between property income from abroad and property income to abroad     

Where:

- (Net) difference between income receivables and payables of employees from or to abroad represents the residual part of the sum of income from salaries, wages (in cash or in kind) and other incomes having the nature of compensations received by Vietnamese workers and employees permanently residing abroad from non-resident production organizations or population units - (minus) the part of expenditure on remuneration paid by non-resident production organizations or population units to foreign workers and employees permanently residing in Vietnam;

- The difference between property income received from abroad and property income paid to abroad represents the remaining part of property income received by resident Vietnamese units or inhabitants from abroad (from non-resident units and inhabitants) – (minus) property income of non-resident Vietnamese units and inhabitants.

Property income or expenditure is composed of the followings:

+ Income or expenditure related to profits from foreign direct investments;

+ Income or expenditure related to profits from investments in financial instruments, such as shares, stocks and other valuable papers and financial instruments;

+ Income or expenditure related to profits generated from rental, leases, use rights, patents, copyrights, trademarks, mining rights incidental to production and lease of land, airspace, territorial waters and concessions, etc.

b) At constant prices

GNI at constant prices

=

GNI at constant prices estimated within a given reporting year

GDP deflator estimated in a given reporting year compared with that estimated in a predetermined base year    

2. Major classifications: Gross and net national income (net national income refers to gross national income less fixed asset depreciation).

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- GDP data: The same as the data source used in the indicator 0501;

- Administrative data;

- Statistical reporting regulation.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0509. GNI-to-GDP ratio

1. Definition and calculation methodology

GNI-to-GDP ratio refers to the percent proportion of GNI to GDP within a specified time period, usually a calendar year.

Calculation formula:

T(%)

=

GNI at constant prices estimated within year n

 x 100

GDP at current prices estimated within year n

Where:

T - GNI-to-GDP ratio;

GNI - Gross national income estimated within year n;

GDP - Gross domestic product estimated within year n.

2. Major classifications: Gross and net ratio.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources:

- GDP data: The same as the data source used in the indicator 0501;

- GNI data: The same as the data source used in the indicator 0508.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0510. National disposable income (NDI)

1. Definition and calculation methodology

NDI refers to the gross national income generated from production, property incomes and current transfers, and the gross income available to the nation for final consumption and saving.

This is a balancing indicator of the first income redistribution account.  This account shows the balance of primary incomes converted into disposable incomes generated from social transfers in kind.

Calculation method:

a) At current prices

National disposable income (NDI)

=

Gross national income (GNI)

+

Net current transfer from abroad

Where:

Current transfer represents the process of exchanging incomes between resident and non-resident units and inhabitants for final consumption purposes. Net current transfer from abroad represents the difference between current transfer receipts from abroad and current transfer payments to abroad:

- Net income and property taxes, including corporate income taxes, personal income tax and other fees or charges levied on property and consumption;

- Other current transfers, including health insurance contributions, retirement and incapacity benefits, accident and risk insurance contributions/payments, yearly, monthly payments, humanitarian aids, gifts and donations of the Government, non-governmental and international organizations, as well as gifts and remittances received by households from and to abroad. 

b) At constant prices:

National disposable income (NDI)

=

GNI at current prices estimated within a given reporting year

GDP deflator estimated in a given reporting year compared with that estimated in a predetermined base year    

2. Major classifications: Institutional sectors and the entire economy (biennial period).

3. Release period: Annual, biennial.

4. Data sources

- Survey of living standards of Vietnamese population;

- National statistical reporting system;

- GNI data: The same as the data source used in the indicator 0508.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0511. Saving-to-GDP ratio

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Saving refers to one of the two components of the national disposable income, and equals the difference between national disposable income and final consumption expenditure.

Calculation formula:

Saving-to-GDP ratio (%)

=

Savings estimated within a given year

 x 100

GDP estimated in the same year

2. Major classifications: Institutional sectors and the entire economy (biennial period).

3. Release period: Annual, biennial.

4. Data sources

- National statistical reporting system;

- Statistical indicators in the system of national accounts aggregated and calculated by the General Statistics Office

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0512. Saving-to-asset accumulation ratio

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Saving-to-asset accumulation ratio within a specified time period is calculated according to the following formula:

Saving-to-asset accumulation ratio (%)

=

Savings estimated within a given year

 x 100

Asset accumulation measured in the same year

2. Major classifications: Gross and net ratio.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources: Saving and asset accumulation data consolidated and calculated by the General Statistics Office.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0513. Energy consumption and ratio of increase/decrease in manufacturing energy consumption to GDP

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Energy consumption refers to a statistical indicator representing how many dongs of manufacturing energy are created from one dong of GDP.

Ratio of increase/decrease in manufacturing energy consumption to GDP reflects the results of technological, manufacturing process renovation and application of technical breakthroughs and improvements to reduction in energy consumption during production and business operations.  Any increase/decrease in energy consumption is also attributed to any change in the economic structure. It is possible to reduce the ratio of energy consumption to GDP by imposing limits on activities or sectors consuming too much energy, and developing those consuming less energy.

Manufacturing energy comprises petroleum, oil, gas, coal and electricity, etc.

Calculation formula:

Ratio of manufacturing energy consumption to GDP

=

Manufacturing energy consumption

GDP

Ratio of increase/decrease in manufacturing energy consumption to GDP (%)

=

Ratio of manufacturing energy consumption to GDP, estimated within a given reporting year

-

Ratio of manufacturing energy consumption to GDP, estimated within the year preceding the given reporting year

Remark:

- Both manufacturing energy consumption and GDP are calculated at the same price (current or constant prices). 

- With respect to each activity or group of activities, GDP indicator is replaced by the respective value added indicator.

2. Major classifications: Economic activity.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- Enterprise survey;

- Individual production and business establishment survey.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0514. Growth rate of total factor productivity (TFP)

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Total factor productivity refers to a measure of the output produced by the improved utilization of fixed assets and employees, or intangible factors and impacts thereof including technological innovation, production rationalization, management reform, employee competency enhancement, etc. (hereinafter referred to as total factor). 

The growth rate of total factors is a measure of the rate of production output which is increased due to an increase in the productivity of total factors.

Calculation method:

Aggregate production function is assumed to take the following general form:

Y = f (K, L,t)

Where:

Y (GDP): Gross domestic product;

K and L: Total input of capital and labor force;

t: time.

The simplest assumption about the effect of time is an advancement in economic efficiency of the factors such as technology and management approaches, whereby this effect leads to an increase in the volume of products manufactured by a combination of capital and labor force factors. However, this does not affect relative marginal products of separate production factors. Separate marginal product of a single production factor represents an increase in the output volume produced when total input of that production factor is increased by one unit on conditions that total input of other production factors remains unchanged.

By this assumption, the production function may be written as follows:

Yt = Atf(Kt, Lt)

Where A denotes advancement in economic efficiency of technology, management and administration approach, etc. (commonly called total factor productivity).

The growth rate of total factor productivity shall be measured according to the following formula:

GA= GY - βKGK - βLGL

Where:

GY: GDP growth rate;

Gk: Capital growth rate,

GL: Labor force growth rate;

βK and βL: Angle factor of capital and labor force.

2. Major classifications

- Economic sector;

- Economic activity.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- Value added or GDP date, and labor data that may be directly used or retrieved for calculation of this indicator from data in the Statistical Yearbook aggregated and released by the General Statistics Office;

- Data on capital or fixed asset value are calculated from multiple sources, and aggregated and released by the General Statistics Office; 

- βK and βL factor are measured on the basis of data available in the I/O table established every 5 years, and remaining valid for use in multiple years.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0515. Proportion of participation of capital, labor force and total factor productivity in the overall growth rate

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Proportion of participation of capital, labor force, total factor productivity is a measure of the percent ratio of participation of specific factors in the overall GDP growth rate.

Calculation formula:

Proportion of capital participation (%)

=

Increase in GDP as against that estimated in the previous year due to participation of the capital factor

Total increase in GDP as against that estimated in the previous year

 

Proportion of labor force participation (%)

=

Increase in GDP as against that estimated in the previous year due to participation of the labor force factor

Total increase in GDP as against that estimated in the previous year

 

Proportion of TFP participation (%)

=

Increase in GDP as against that estimated in the previous year due to participation of TFP

Total increase in GDP as against that estimated in the previous year

2. Major classifications

- Economic sector;

- Economic activity.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data source: The same as the data source used in the indicator 0514.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

06. Public finance

0601. State revenue and structure of state revenue

1. Definition and calculation methodology

a) State revenue shall comprise:

- Taxes, charges or fees collected;

- Fees collected from services rendered by state regulatory authorities, which will be withheld in case of appropriation of operating expenses; fees collected from services rendered by state-run non-business units and state enterprises, which will be paid to the state budget in accordance with laws;

- Non-refundable aids granted by governments of foreign states, organizations or individuals to the central and local government in Vietnam; 

- Other collections stipulated by laws.

b) Structure of state revenue is defined as an indicator reflecting proportion of separate revenues to aggregate state revenue.

Calculation formula:

Proportion of a single state revenue by specific classifications (%)

=

State revenue by specific classifications (%)

x 100

Aggregate state revenue

2. Major classifications

a) For a period of a year or quarter, it is classified by tax types.

b) For a period of a year, it is classified by:

- Tax type;

- Economic sector;

- Economic activity.

- Ministry, sectoral regulatory authority;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Monthly, quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The Ministry of Finance.

 

0602. State revenue-to-GDP ratio

1. Calculation method

State revenue-to-GDP ratio (%)

=

Aggregate state revenue

x 100

GDP

Note: Both aggregate state revenue and GDP are calculated at current prices.

2. Major classifications

a) For a period of a quarter, it is classified by main receipt.

b) For a period of a year, it is classified by:

- Main receipt;

- Economic sector.

3. Release period: Quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0603. Ratio of state revenue mobilized from taxes, fees and charges to GDP

1. Calculation method

Ratio of state revenue mobilized from taxes, fees and charges to GDP (%)

=

Taxes, fees and charges

x 100

GDP

Note: Taxes, fees, charges and GDP are all calculated at current prices.

2. Major classifications: Tax type, fee and charge.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0604. State expenditure and structure of state expenditure

1. Definition and calculation methodology

a) State expenditure shall comprise:

- Investment and development expenditure;

- National financial reserves expenditure;

- recurrent expenditure;

- Interest payment expenditure;

- Grant expenditure;

- Other expenditure referred to in laws.

b) Structure of state expenditure is defined as an indicator reflecting proportion of specific expenses to aggregate state expenditure.

Proportion of a single expense by specific classifications (%)

=

State expenditure by specific classifications

x 100

Aggregate state expenditure

2. Major classifications

a) For a period of a month, it is classified by the state budget index.

b) For a period of a quarter or year, it is classified by:

- State budget index;

- Economic sector;

- Function;

- Ministry/ sectoral regulatory authority;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Monthly, quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The Ministry of Finance.

 

0605. State expenditure-to-GDP ratio

1. Definition and calculation methodology

This is a percent proportion of state expenditure to GDP.

Calculation formula:

State expenditure-to-GDP ratio (%)

=

Aggregate state expenditure

x 100

GDP

2. Major classifications

- Main expense;

- Economic sector.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0606. State budget deficit

1. Definition and calculation methodology

State budget deficit includes central and province-level government budget deficits. Central government budget deficit is determined by the difference between total central government expenditure (except for principal debt payment expenditure) and total central government revenue where the former is greater than the latter. Province-level government budget deficit is defined as total local government deficit of each province which is determined by the difference between total province-level government expenditure (excluding principal debt payment expenditure) and total province-level government revenue in a given province where the former is greater than the latter.

Calculation formula:

State budget deficit

=

Aggregate state revenue

-

Aggregate state expenditure

2. Major classifications: Compensating source (domestic and/or foreign borrowing)

3. Release period: Monthly, quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The Ministry of Finance.

 

0607. State budget deficit-to-GDP ratio

1. Definition and calculation methodology

State budget deficit-to-GDP ratio (%)

=

State budget deficit

  x 100

GDP

Note: Both state budget deficit and GDP are calculated at current prices.

2. Major classifications: Compensating source.

3. Release period: Quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0608. Government outstanding debt

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Government debt refers to debts incurred from domestic or foreign loans, or those which are signed or issued in the name of the State, Government, or other loans signed, issued, or issued upon authorization by, the Ministry of Finance in accordance with laws.   Government debts shall not comprise of debts issued by the State Bank of Vietnam to implement currency policies over time.

Government outstanding debt is defined as total outstanding debt owed by the Government as of the reporting date.

Calculation formula:

Outstanding debts at the end of a reporting period

=

Outstanding debts at the beginning of a reporting period

+

Capital withdrawal during the reporting period

-

Principal payment during the reporting period (classified by borrowed currency type) 

2. Major classifications: Lending source (domestic and/or foreign).

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The Ministry of Finance.

 

0609. National foreign outstanding debt

1. Definition and calculation methodology

National foreign outstanding debt refers to all of the foreign debts owed by the Government, guaranteed by the Government, or owed by other enterprises and organizations in the form of loan self-borrowing and self-repayment in accordance with Vietnamese laws.  

National foreign outstanding debt is defined as total national foreign debt outstanding as of the reporting date.

Calculation formula:

Outstanding debts at the end of a reporting period

=

Outstanding debts at the beginning of a reporting period

+

Capital withdrawal during the reporting period

-

Principal payment during the reporting period (classified by borrowed currency type) 

2. Major classifications: By lender type (Government or enterprise).

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal investigator: The Ministry of Finance.

- Collaborator: The State Bank of Vietnam.

 

0610. Outstanding public debt

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Public debt refers to the debt owed by the National Government, guaranteed by the Government, and the debt owed by local governments.

Outstanding public debt is defined as total outstanding public debt owed as of the reporting date.

Calculation formula:

Outstanding debts at the end of a reporting period

=

Outstanding debts at the beginning of a reporting period

+

Capital withdrawal during the reporting period

-

Principal payment during the reporting period (classified by borrowed currency type) 

2. Major classifications: Source of borrowed capital (domestic and/or foreign borrowing).

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The Ministry of Finance.

 

07. Currency and insurance

0701. Total means of payment

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Total means of payment encompasses cash in circulation outside of banks; deposits made at credit institutions, foreign bank branches by resident organizations or individuals of Vietnam that constitute non-finance, resident household, and non-profit institution sector for the purpose of serving resident households; valuable papers expressed in Vietnamese dong, foreign currency units which are issued by credit institutions, foreign bank branches to organizational or individual residents in Vietnam.

Calculation formula:

Cash in circulation outside of banks

=

The aggregate amount of currency issued by the State Bank

-

Cash in inventory of the State Bank, State Treasury and credit institutions, bank branches

2. Release period: Quarterly, annual.

3. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

4. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The State Bank of Vietnam.

 

0702. The rate of increase in total means of payment

1. Definition and calculation methodology

The rate of increase in total means of payment is defined as a measure of how many percents or how many times total means of payment changes over time.

The rate of increase in total means of payment is calculated by a measure of the rate of increase in total means of payment minus one (if expressed in the number of times) or one hundred (if expressed in percent).

Calculation formula:

IM2

=

M2,t  - M2,t-1

 x 100

M2,t-1

Where:

IM2: The rate of increase in total means of payment;

M2,t: Total means of payment at the end of a given reporting period.

2. Release period: Quarterly, annual.

3. Data sources:

- National statistical reporting system;

- Data on total means of payment is the same as the data source used in the indicator 0701.

4. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The State Bank of Vietnam.

 

0703. Mobilized capital balance of credit institutions

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Mobilized capital balance of credit institutions is defined as the amount of money expressed in Vietnamese dong or any foreign currency unit in a particular period that credit institutions and/or foreign bank branches receive from resident organizations or individuals of Vietnam that constitute non-finance, resident household, and non-profit institution sector for the purpose of serving resident households in the form of demand deposits, definite term deposits, savings and other deposit forms according to the rules where principal and interest are fully paid depositors under contractual terms and conditions.

2. Major classifications

- Currency type (Vietnamese dong, foreign currency);

- Subject of application (economic organizations, resident households);

- Term (definite, indefinite);

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The State Bank of Vietnam.

 

0704. Outstanding credit debts of credit institutions

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Outstanding credit debts of credit institutions refer to total amount of debts denominated in Vietnamese dong and foreign currency unit in a particular period owed by credit institutions to resident individuals or organizations of Vietnam that constitute non-finance, resident household, and non-profit institution sector for the purpose of serving resident households in such forms as lending, discounting and/or re-discounting of negotiable instruments and other similar valuable papers; finance lease; factoring; accounts payable on behalf of organizations or individuals being principal debtors in the event that they fail to pay their debt obligations on payment due date and other operations relating to credit extension which are approved by the State Bank.   

2. Major classifications

- Currency type: Vietnamese dong, foreign currency;

- Term: Short, medium and long term;

- Economic sector;

- Economic activity;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The State Bank of Vietnam.

 

0705. Rate of increase in outstanding credit debts of credit institutions

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Rate of increase in outstanding credit debts refers to how many percents and how many times total outstanding credit debt measured as at a specified time changes compared with that measured in the previous time.  

Rate of increase in outstanding credit debts of credit institutions comprises of:

a) Rate of increase in extension of credit denominated in Vietnamese dong: Short, medium and long term.

b) Rate of increase in extension of credit denominated in a foreign currency unit: Short, medium and long term.

The rate of increase in outstanding credit debt is calculated by the indicator of outstanding credit debt increment less one or one hundred.

Calculation formula:

Rate of increase in outstanding credit debt at the end of a specified reporting period compared with the end of the previous quarter/ the previous year/the same period of the previous year (%)

=

Outstanding credit debt at the end of a specified reporting period

x 100 - 100

Rate of increase in outstanding credit debt (end of the previous quarter, end of the previous year, and same period of the previous year)

2. Major classifications

- Currency type: Vietnamese dong, foreign currency;

- Term: Short, medium and long term;

- Economic sector;

- Economic activity;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The State Bank of Vietnam.

 

0706. Interest rate

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Interest rate refers to the cost paid for use of borrowed capital. Deposit interest rate refers to the ratio of interest amount to amount of mobilized deposit. Lending interest rate refers to the ratio of interest amount to loan amount. Interbank interest rate refers to the interest rate at which capital is transacted between banks.

Interest rate is classified into:

a) Deposit interest rate which is subdivided into VND and foreign currency interest rate, including indefinite-term saving deposit interest rate and definite-term saving deposit interest rate (3, 6, 12 months, from more than 12 to 24 months, and more than 24 months), interest rate on deposits made by issuing valuable papers including those that have the maturity term of shorter than 12 months and at least 12 months.

b) Lending interest rate which is subdivided into VND and foreign currency interest rate, including short, medium and long-term interest rate.

c) Interbank interest rate which is categorized by maturity term, including overnight, 1-week, 2-week, 1-month, 3-month, 6-month, 9-month and 12-month interest rate.

Calculation method:

Saving deposit interest rate and valuable papers issuance interest rate are reported according to the rate of interest in arrears. Quarterly and annual average interest rate on deposits and loans by specific maturity terms are calculated by using the ordinary unweighted arithmetic mean of actual and common deposit and lending interest rate applied by credit institutions in a specified reporting period.

Quarterly and annual average interbank interest rate by specific maturity terms are calculated by using the ordinary unweighted arithmetic mean of interest rates on capital transactions between banks.

2. Major classifications

- Interbank, deposit and lending Interest rate;

- Currency type, form of deposit mobilization and term.

3. Release period: Quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The State Bank of Vietnam.

 

0707. Balance of international payments

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Balance of international payments refers to the statistical report on all economic transactions between the residents and non-residents in Vietnam in a particular period.

The table of balance of international payments includes the following components:

a) Current account

Freight: FOB exports

Freight: FOB imports

Goods (net value)

Service: Exports

Service: Imports

Service (net value)

Income (primary income): Receipt

Income (primary income): Expense

Income (primary income): net value

Current account transfers (Secondary income): Receipts

Current account transfers (Secondary income): Expenses

Current account transfers (Secondary income) (net value)

b) Capital account

Capital account: Receipts

Capital account: Expenses

Sum of current accounts and capital accounts

c) Financial account

Outward direct investments: Credit entry

Inward direct investments: Debit entry

Direct investments (net value)

Outward indirect investments: Credit entry

Share capital and treasury stocks

Debt securities

Inward indirect investments: Debit entry

Share capital and treasury stocks

Debt securities

Indirect investments (net value)

Derivative financial instruments (falling outside of reserves): Credit entry

Derivative financial instruments (falling outside of reserves): Debit entry

Derivative financial instruments (falling outside of reserves) (net value)

Other investments: Credit entry

Cash and deposits

Foreign lending and foreign debt collections

Short term

Long term

Commercial credit and advance payments

Other receivables/ payables

Other investments: Debit entry

Cash and deposits

Foreign borrowing and foreign debt repayments

Short term

Long term

Commercial credit and advance payments

Other receivables/ payables

Other investments (net value)

d) Errors and omissions

dd) Overall balance of payments

e) Reserves and related items

Reserve assets

IMF credit and loans

Special finance

Calculation method:

Balance of international payments is compiled according to the following principles:

- Conform to international conventions for statistics on balance of international payments and practical conditions in Vietnam;

- Use US dollar (USD) as unit of account;

- The exchange rate for Vietnamese dong (VND) to USD is the central exchange rate quoted by the State Bank at end of a specified reporting period;

- Conversion of foreign currency units other than USD into USD shall be provided for as follows:

+ Conversion of foreign currency unit into VND at the cross rate between VND and that foreign currency unit quoted by the State Bank is to assess export and import duty applicable in a given reporting period;

+ After conversion into VND, conversion into USD is based on the central exchange rate quoted by the State Bank at end of the reporting period.

- The date of compilation of statistical report on transactions is the date of change of ownership between residents and non-residents in Vietnam;

- Value of transactions is determined according to the market principle upon the transaction date.

Basic accounting relationships in the balance of payments:

- Current account includes all transactions between residents and non-residents in Vietnam regarding goods, services and employee income, incomes earned from investments and current transfers.

Calculation formula:

Current account (A)

=

Goods (net value)

+

Services (net value)

+

Income (primary income) (net value)

+

Current transfers (Secondary income) (net value)

 

Goods (net value)

=

Exports of goods (FOB)

-

Imports of goods (FOB)

 

Services (net value)

=

Exports of services

-

Imports of services

 

Income (primary income) (net value)

=

Receipts (primary income)

-

Expenses (primary income)

 

Current transfer (Secondary income) (net value)

=

Receipts from current transfer (Secondary income)

-

Expenses incurred from current transfer (Secondary income)

- Capital account includes all of transactions between residents and non-residents regarding capital transfers, purchase, sale of non-financial, non-productive assets of Government and private sector.

Calculation formula:

Capital account

=

Receipts

-

Expenses

- Capital account includes all of the transactions between residents and non-residents regarding direct investments, indirect investments, financial derivative transactions, foreign borrowings and foreign debt repayments, commercial credit lines, cash and deposits.

Calculation formula:

Financial account (C)

=

Direct investments (net value)

+

Indirect investments (net value)

+

Derivative financial instruments (falling outside of reserves) (net value)

+

Other investments (net value)

 

Direct investment (net value)

=

Outward direct investment (credit entry)

+

Inward direct investment (debit entry)

 

Indirect investment (net value)

=

Outward indirect investment (credit entry)

+

Inward indirect investment (debit entry)

 

Derivative financial instruments (falling outside of reserves) (net value)

=

Derivative financial instruments (falling outside of reserves) (credit entry)

+

Financial instruments (falling outside of reserves) (debit entry)

Other investment includes all of the transactions between residents and non-residents in Vietnam regarding foreign borrowings and foreign debt repayments, commercial credit lines, cash and deposits.

Calculation formula:

Other investment (net value)

=

Other investment (credit entry)

+

Other investment (debit entry)

- Errors and omissions refer to the difference between the sum of current account, capital account and financial account, and the overall balance of payments. 

Calculation formula:

Errors and omissions (D) = E - (A + B + C).

- The overall balance of payments is determined by changes in official foreign exchange reserves of the general government caused by transactions in the reporting period (E= -F)

- Reserves and other related components are determined by changes in official foreign exchange reserves of the general government caused by transactions in the reporting period.

2. Major classifications: Transaction type.

3. Release period: Quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources

- Administrative data;

- National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The State Bank of Vietnam.

 

0708. Current account-to-GDP ratio

1. Calculation method

Current account-to-GDP ratio (%)

=

Current account balance

x 100

GDP

2. Release period: Quarterly, annual.

3. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

4. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0709. Outward and inward indirect investment

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Outward indirect investment refers to an investment in Vietnam in the form of purchase and sale of securities or other similar valuable papers, or through a securities investment fund and other intermediate financial institution, made by a resident unit as per laws and regulations on behalf of a non-resident unit which is not directly involved in administering investment activities within the territory of Vietnam.

Outward indirect investment refers to an investment made in the form of purchase and sale of securities or other similar valuable papers, or through overseas securities investment funds and other intermediate financial institutions, by a resident unit within Vietnam which is not directly involved in administering investment activities within foreign countries.

2. Major classifications: Investment instrument.

3. Release period: Quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal investigator: The State Bank of Vietnam;

- Collaborator: The Ministry of Finance.

 

0710. Interbank average exchange rate between Vietnamese dong (VND) and US dollar (USD)

1. Definition and calculation methodology

The central exchange rate between VND and USD refers to the rate announced by the State Bank of Vietnam on a daily basis which is determined with reference to any fluctuation in the weighted average rate occurring on the interbank or international forex market for several currency units of states that have established major commercial, lending or borrowing, or debt repayment, relationship with Vietnam, macroeconomic and currency balances, and in line with to monetary policy goals.

The interbank average exchange rate between Vietnamese dong (VND) and US dollar (USD) is calculated on the basis of average of central exchange rates between VND and USD.

2. Release period: Monthly, quarterly, annual.

3. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

4. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The State Bank of Vietnam.

 

0711. Total insurance premium income and payment

I. Total insurance premium income

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Calculation formula:

Insurance premium income

=

Non-life insurance premium income

+

Life insurance premium income

a) Non-life insurance premium income

Insurance premium income reflects total revenue derived from original premiums and ceded reinsurance premiums minus (-) items such as original insurance reductions, ceded reinsurance premium reductions, insurance premium refunds, ceded reinsurance premium refunds, or differences (increase or decrease) in original insurance premium and ceded reinsurance premium reserves during a specified reporting period, of non-life insurance enterprises.    

Calculation formula:

Insurance premium income

=

Original insurance premiums

+

Ceded reinsurance premiums

-

Increase (decrease) in original insurance premium and ceded reinsurance premium reserves

Where:

- Original insurance premium reflects total income derived from original insurance premiums after subtracting (-) original insurance premium reductions and original insurance premium refunds estimated within a specified reporting period in non-life insurance enterprises;

- Ceded reinsurance premium reflects total income derived from ceded reinsurance premiums after subtracting (-) ceded reinsurance premium reductions and ceded reinsurance premium refunds estimated within a specified reporting period in non-life insurance enterprises;

- Increase or decrease in original insurance premium and ceded reinsurance premium reserves reflects the level of increase and decrease in unearned original insurance premium and ceded reinsurance premium reserves, and is the amount of difference between the amount of original insurance premium, ceded reinsurance premium reserve set aside in a given financial year and the amount of original insurance premium, ceded reinsurance premium reserve carried forward from the previous year.   

b) Life insurance premium income

Insurance premium income reflects total revenue derived from original premiums and ceded reinsurance premiums minus (-) items such as original insurance reductions, ceded reinsurance premium reductions, insurance premium refunds, ceded reinsurance premium refunds, or differences (increase or decrease) in unearned original insurance premium and ceded reinsurance premium reserves during a specified reporting period, of life insurance enterprises.   

Insurance premium income

=

Original insurance premiums

+

Ceded reinsurance premiums

-

Increase (decrease) in unearned original insurance premium and ceded reinsurance premium reserves

Where:

- Original insurance premium reflects total income derived from original insurance premiums after subtracting (-) original insurance premium reductions and original insurance premium refunds arising within a specified reporting period in life insurance enterprises;

- Ceded reinsurance premium reflects total income derived from ceded reinsurance premiums after subtracting (-) ceded reinsurance premium reductions and ceded reinsurance premium refunds arising within a specified reporting period in life insurance enterprises;

- Increase or decrease in unearned insurance premium and ceded reinsurance premium reserves reflects the level of increase and decrease in unearned original insurance premium and ceded reinsurance premium reserves, and is the amount of difference between the amount of unearned original insurance premium, ceded reinsurance premium reserve set aside in a given financial year and the amount of unearned original insurance premium, ceded reinsurance premium reserve carried forward from the previous year.   

2. Major classifications

- Business type;

- Insurance operation (life and non-life insurance).

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- Enterprise survey;

- Administrative data.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal investigator: The Ministry of Finance;

- Collaborator: The General Statistics Office.

II. Total insurance payment

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Calculation formula:

Total insurance payment

=

Non-life insurance indemnity payments

+

Sum of life insurance indemnity payments and payouts

a) Non-life insurance indemnity payment

This indicator reflect total expenditure incurred by original insurance and ceded reinsurance indemnity and other expenses relating to insurance coverage activities in case of loss occurrences less (-) accounts receivable recorded as an decrease in indemnity payments, including receivables collected from the third party’s payment of indemnity, goods to which any loss or damage has been fully covered under insurance contracts by non-life insurance enterprises during a given reporting period.      

Calculation formula:

Indemnity payment

=

Aggregate indemnity payment

-

Deductions

Where:

- Aggregate indemnity payment reflects the sum of payment of original insurance and ceded reinsurance indemnity and other expenses relating to insurance coverage activities in case of loss occurrences such as payments of indemnity to insurance beneficiaries, payments for loss assessment, survey, collection of information about occurrences, payments for treatment of goods to which any loss or damage has been fully covered under insurance contracts by non-life insurance enterprises during a given reporting period;    

- Deductions reflect total income derived from reductions in payments of original insurance and ceded reinsurance indemnity, including receivables collected from the third party’s payment of indemnity, goods to which any loss or damage has been fully covered under insurance contracts by non-life insurance enterprises during a given reporting period.     

b) Sum of life insurance indemnity payments and payouts

This indicator reflects total payment of insurance indemnity and payout by life insurance enterprise after subtracting incomes derived from an decrease in insurance indemnity payments and payouts (including income derived from ceded reinsurance indemnity), and after adjustment to increases or decreases in original insurance and ceded reinsurance reserves arising during a specified reporting period.

Calculation formula:

Sum of life insurance indemnity payments and payouts

=

Expenses for insurance indemnity payments and payouts

-

Income derived from ceded reinsurance indemnity

+

Increase (decrease) in original insurance reserves

+

Increase (decrease) in ceded reinsurance reserves

Where:

- Expenses for insurance indemnity payments and payouts reflect total amount spent on paying insurance indemnity and payouts by life insurance enterprises within a given reporting period;     

- Income derived from ceded reinsurance indemnity reflects total amount spent on paying insurance indemnity and payouts which are collected by accepting enterprises to decrease indemnity payments and payouts by life insurance enterprises within a given reporting period;     

- Increase (decrease) in original insurance reserves reflects the level of increase and decrease in original insurance reserves, and is the amount of difference between the amount of original insurance reserves set aside in a given financial year and the amount of original insurance reserves carried forward from the previous year;   

- Increase (decrease) in ceded reinsurance reserves reflects the level of increase and decrease in ceded reinsurance reserves, and is the amount of difference between the amount of ceded reinsurance reserves set aside in a given financial year and the amount of ceded reinsurance reserves carried forward from the previous year.

2. Major classifications

- Business type;

- Insurance operation (life and non-life insurance).

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- Enterprise survey;

- Administrative data.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal investigator: The Ministry of Finance;

- Collaborator: The General Statistics Office.

 

0712. Number of social, health and unemployment insurance contribution payers

1. Definition, calculation methodology and major classifications

a) Number of social insurance contribution payers

Number of social insurance contribution payers includes the number of people paying mandatory social insurance contributions and the number of people paying voluntary social insurance contributions.

Mandatory social insurance is defined as a type of state-run social security schemes in which participation of employees and employers is compulsory.

Voluntary social insurance is defined as a type of state-run social security schemes in which participants have the option of the contribution rate and method which are suitable for their income, and the Government subsidizes social insurance contributions in order for participants to qualify for retirement and death benefits.

The number of people paying mandatory social insurance contribution is composed of the followings:

- Employees who are Vietnamese citizens eligible for participating in the compulsory social insurance system include: 

+ Employees working under indefinite term employment contracts, fixed term employment contracts, seasonal employment contracts, employment contracts for specific work duties that have the validity period ranging from entire 3 months to less than 12 months, even including employment contracts entered into between employers and legal representatives of employees at under 5 years of age in accordance with laws on labor;

+ Employees working under employment contracts that have the validity period ranging from entire 1 month to less than 3 months;

+ Officials, public employees and civil servants;

+ National defence, public security civilian workers and other employees working for cryptographic organizations;

+ Professional military officers and civilians in the People’s Army; operations officers, non-commissioned officers, and engineering officers and non-commissioned officers in the People’s Public Security; employees assigned cryptographic tasks who are paid the same salaries as military civilians; non-commissioned officers and military soldier in the People's Army; non-commissioned officers and soldiers in the People's Public Security who serve in the public security force in a limited time; trainees in the military, public security and cryptographic force who are currently joining training programs to receive accommodation and subsistence payments;

+ Employees working abroad under employment contracts referred to in the Law on Vietnamese employees working abroad under employment contracts;

+ Managers of business entities, and executive or general managers of cooperatives, who are paid salaries;

+ Employees working part time at communes, wards or commune-level towns.

- Employees who are foreign nationals working in Vietnam and granted work permits, practice certificates or permits by Vietnamese regulatory authorities shall be eligible for participating in the compulsory social insurance scheme in accordance with the Government’s regulations;

- Employers participating in the compulsory social insurance scheme comprise state bodies, non-business units, people’s armed forces; political institutions, socio-political organizations, political - social - occupational establishments, socio-professional organizations, and other social organizations; foreign institutional or organizational entities, and international organizations, operating within the territory of Vietnam; businesses, cooperatives, individual businesses, cooperative groups, other organizations, and individual entities employing and hiring employees under employment contracts.

Participants in the voluntary social insurance system must be Vietnamese citizens who reach 15 years of age or older, and must not be required to participate in the compulsory social insurance scheme.

Major classifications: Insurance type, centrally-affiliated province/city.

b) Number of health insurance contribution payers

Health insurance is defined as a type of compulsory insurance applied to entities governed by regulations of the Law on Health Insurance for health care and non-profit purposes, and run by the State.

The number of health insurance contribution payers refers to the number of people participating in payment of contributions to health insurance scheme which is categorized into 5 groups:

- Group of health insurance contributions paid by employees and employers, including:

+ Employees working under indefinite term employment contracts, or employment contracts that have the validity period of more than entire 3 months; employees who are managers in businesses paid salaries; officials, civil servants and public employees (hereinafter referred to as employee);

+ Employees working part time at communes, wards or commune-level towns in accordance with laws and regulations.

- Group of health insurance contributions paid by social insurance organizations, including:

+ Persons paid monthly retirement pensions and incapacity benefits;

+ Persons paid monthly social insurance benefits for accidents at work, occupational diseases or any type of illness that requires a long-term treatment plan; persons at age of 80 years or older who receive monthly annuity payments;   

+ Officials working in commune, ward and commune-level town authorities who have already quitted their work and are currently paid monthly social insurance benefits;

+ Persons currently paid unemployment benefits.

- Group of health insurance contributions paid by the state budget, including:

+ Professional military officers, civilians, non-commissioned officers and military soldiers on active duty; operations officers, non-commissioned officers, and engineering officers and non-commissioned officers in the people’s public security force; trainees in the people’s public security force, non-commissioned officers, and soldiers that serve in the people's public security force within a definite term; employees assigned cryptographic duties who are paid the same salaries as military civilians; cryptographic trainees who qualify for benefits and allowances which are the same as trainees in military and public security institutes;  

+ Officials working in commune, ward and commune-level town authorities who have already quitted their work and are currently receiving monthly social insurance benefits from the State budget;

+ Persons who have no longer received occupational incapacity benefits and are currently receiving monthly social insurance benefits from the State budget;

+ Persons who performed meritorious services during the revolution and elderly veterans;

+ Incumbent deputies of the National Assembly, People’s Council at all levels;

+ Children under age of 6;

+ Officials working in commune, ward and commune-level town authorities who have already quitted from their work and are currently paid monthly social protection benefits;

+ Residents living in poor households; people of minority groups living in areas of socio-economic disadvantage; people living in areas of extreme socio-economic disadvantage; people living on commune or district-level islands;  

+ Relatives or families of persons rendering meritorious revolutionary services, including natural fathers, mothers, wives or husbands or sons or daughters of war martyrs; persons taking care of war martyrs in the past;

+ Relatives or families of persons rendering meritorious revolutionary services other than those referred to in Point i Clause 3 Article 12 of the Law on Amendments to several articles in the Law on Health Insurance;

+ Relatives or families of persons referred to in Point a Clause 3 Article 12 of the Law on Amendments to several articles in the Law on Health Insurance;

+ Donors of human organs stipulated by laws and regulations;

+ Foreigners currently studying in Vietnam who receive scholarships from the state budget of Vietnam.

- Group of health insurance contributions subsidized by the state budget, including:

+ Household residents living in near poverty;

+ Pupils and students.

- Group of household-specific health insurance participants comprises household residents other than those referred to in Clause 1, 2, 3 and 4 Article 12 of the Law on Amendments to several articles in the Law on Health Insurance.

Major classifications: Group of health insurance participants, centrally-affiliated province/city.

c) Number of unemployment insurance contribution payers

Unemployment insurance refers to a system aimed at compensating for a part of income of employees who have lost their jobs, and providing them with different kinds of support, including vocational training, ongoing job security and job seeking, by their voluntary payments to the insurance fund. 

The number of health insurance contribution payers refers to the number of people participating in payment of contributions to the unemployment insurance scheme who are specifically identified as follows:

- Employees are bound to participate in the unemployment insurance scheme when they are employed under the following types of employment contracts:

+ Indefinite term employment contracts;

+ Fixed term employment contracts;

+ Seasonal or work-specific employment contracts that have the validity period ranging from entire 3 months to less than 3 months.

Where employees have entered into and are currently executing multiple employment contracts, employees and employers signed in the first employment contract shall be responsible for participating in the unemployment insurance scheme.

- Employees, referred to in Clause 1 Article 43 of the Law on Employment, who are currently paid retirement pensions and working for their family businesses shall not be required to participate in the unemployment insurance scheme.

- Employers participating in the unemployment insurance scheme comprise state bodies, public non-business units, people’s armed forces; political institutions, socio-political organizations, political - social - occupational establishments, socio-professional organizations, and other social organizations; foreign institutional or organizational entities, and international organizations, operating within the territory of Vietnam; businesses, cooperatives, resident households, home-based businesses, cooperative groups, other organizations, and individuals employing and hiring employees under employment contracts.

Major classifications: Centrally-governed province/ city.

2. Release period: Annual.

3. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

4. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: Vietnam Social Security.

 

0713. Number of social, health and unemployment insurance beneficiaries

1. Definition, calculation methodology and major classifications

a) Number of social insurance beneficiaries

The number of social insurance beneficiaries refers to the number of social insurance participants who have received social insurance payments (calculated based on the number of participants irrespective of whether a participant receives benefits from different social security schemes).

The number of social insurance beneficiaries shall receive the following insurance benefits: sickness, maternity and paternity; occupational accident, illness; retirement; death gratuity.

Major classifications: Benefit type; insurance payment time; one-time/monthly payment; centrally-governed province/ city.

b) The number of health insurance beneficiaries

The number of health insurance beneficiaries refers to the number of health insurance participants who have received health insurance payments for their health care costs (calculated based on the number of visits paid by the insured to health care service establishments).

Major classifications: Group of health insurance participants; treatment type; inpatient/ outpatient; centrally-affiliated province/city.

c) The number of unemployment insurance beneficiaries

The number of health insurance beneficiaries refers to the number of unemployment insurance participants who have received health insurance payments in case they lose their jobs or become unemployed (calculated based on the number of unemployment insurance beneficiaries).

Major classifications: Benefit type: Unemployment/ vocational training/ professional skill improvement training; centrally-governed province/ city.

2. Release period: Annual.

3. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

4. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: Vietnam Social Security.

 

0714. Social, health and unemployment insurance receipts and expenses

I. Social, health and unemployment insurance receipts

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Social, health and unemployment insurance receipts are the amount received from:

- State budget;

- Employers;

- Social, health and unemployment insurance contribution payers;

- Profits from investments derived from social, health and unemployment insurance funds;

- Other revenue sources.

2. Major classifications

- Revenue source;

- Revenue type;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: Vietnam Social Security.

II. Social, health and unemployment insurance expenses

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Social, health and unemployment insurance expenses are the amounts actually paid to social, health and unemployment insurance beneficiaries in accordance with laws and regulations. Expenses are derived from:

- State budget;

- Social insurance fund;

- Health insurance fund;

- Unemployment insurance fund.

2. Major classifications

- Expenditure source;

- Expenditure type;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: Vietnam Social Security.

 

08. Agriculture, forestry and fishery

0801. Annual crop area under cultivation

1. Definition and calculation methodology

This indicator means the area used to sow agricultural crops that take less than 1 year to grow from the sowing to harvesting time, including:  

- Paddy rice crops;

- Maize and other cereals (wheat, oat and sorghum);

- Arrowroot: sweet potato, manioc, taro, etc.;

- Sugar canes;

- Tobacco or mapacho plants;

- Fiber crops: jutes, sedges and cottons;

- Cereal crops: groundnuts, soya-beans and sesames;

- Vegetables, legumes, flowers and ornamental plants: water spinaches, kohlrabies, etc;

- Annual spice and herbal crops: chili peppers, mugworts, etc.;

- Other annual crops: forage or fodder grasses or crops, etc.

The area under cultivation thereof is calculated according to specific cropping seasons. As there are various agricultural practices of growing or cultivating annual crops, the method of measuring area under cultivation is regulated as follows:

- Open-air cropping area: A single crop is grown over an area of land in a cropping season at a normal density.

 

Total sown area is equal to the amount of area under cultivation of that crop;

- Intercropping area: Multiple crops are cultivated and grown together in the same area of land according to which farming practice the main crop is grown at the normal density and the intercrop is grown at the lower density with the aim of enhancing cultivated soil utilization. Thus, the area under cultivation of the main crop is calculated by using the same method applied to the open-air crop while the area under cultivation of the intercrop may be converted into the area under cultivation of the open-air crop based on the actual crop population density or the amount of seeds sown;

- Relay cropping area is an area where a successive crop is grown into a preceding crop which are about to be harvested for the purpose of making more efficient use of growing space and timing.   Area of both the preceding crop and the relay crop are calculated by using the calculation method applied to the open-air crop.

- Extended cropping area is an area where a crop is grown once and harvests for years. Area under cultivation thereof is counted on each growing season.

2. Major classifications

- Main crop type;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Seasonal, annual.

4. Data source: Survey of total area under cultivation of agricultural crops.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0802. + Area under cultivation of perennial crops

1. Definition and calculation methodology

This indicator means the area for cultivation of agricultural crops that take more than 1 year to grow from the sowing to harvesting time and may be harvested for years.

a) Area under cultivation of perennial crops is an area of plants which are still alive as of the observation date, and derived from all of the economic sectors existing within the statistical region, including area of intensively-grown crops and the number of crops extensively cultivated on the entire area of such land types as contract-based allocated, contracted, farm and newly-reclaimed land, etc.

Area under cultivation of perennial crops includes:

- Area under cultivation of fruit crops, including orange, pomelo, banana, pineapple, mango, longan, rambutan, avocado, jackfruit, durian, mangosteen, dragon fruit and apple;

- Area under cultivation of oil-bearing fruit crops, including coconut, palm;

- Area under cultivation of cashew nuts;

- Area under cultivation of peppers;

- Area under cultivation of rubber plants;

- Area under cultivation of coffee plants;

- Area under cultivation of tea plants;

- Area under cultivation of perennial spice and herbal crops: ginger, amomum, artichoke;

- Other perennials, including mulberry, betel and areca palm, etc.

b) Current perennial cultivation area (which is calculated as of a given survey or reporting period)

Calculation formula:

Current cultivated area of perennial crops

=

Area of intensively-grown crops

+

Area of productive extensively-grown perennial crops (converted)

- Area of intensively-grown perennial crops includes land areas covering at least 100 m2 for cultivation of perennial crops.

Area of intensively-grown perennial crops is defined as land pieces immediately contiguous to each other that cover an area of at least 100 m2 per each, and are cultivated at the density conforming to local required cropping standards.  

Calculation formula:

Area of intensively-grown perennial crops

=

Area of newly cultivated perennial crops

+

Area of early-established perennial crops

+

Area of productive perennial crops  

Where:

+ Area of newly-cultivated perennial crops refers to an area under cultivation of perennial crops which have been cultivated from the 1st day of January to the 31st day of December in the reporting year, and accredited as conforming to regulatory farming standards.   Any area which fails to meet regulatory farming standards within a given year and is subject to repetitive cultivations required to meet accredited standards is only calculated as an area for one new cultivation as of the year-end observation date; or if any area of newly-cultivated crops is identified within that year and such crops are dead by the observation date, this area is not counted as an area of newly-cultivated crops;

+ Area of early-established perennial crops refers to an area in which perennial crops are nurtured and not ready for harvest, including areas under cultivation of early harvested perennial crops;

+ Area of productive perennial crops refers to an area of perennial crops which have already experienced an early crop establishment stage and have been at the stable crop production time. Example: Rubber crops are normally harvested 7 years after cultivation; coffee beans are harvested 3 years after planting or cultivation. 

- Area of productive extensively-cultivated perennial crops shall be calculated by using the number of productive extensively-cultivated perennials and population density thereof as the basis for conversion into intensively cropped area.  

Calculation formula:

Area of productive extensively-grown perennial crops converted into area of intensively-grown perennial crops (ha)

=

The number of productive extensively-grown perennial crops

Population density of intensively-cultivated crops per 1 ha

2. Major classifications

- Main crop type;

- Newly cultivated/ productive area;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data source: Survey of total area under cultivation of agricultural crops.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0803. Yield of certain major crops

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Crop yield is defined as the number of primary products obtained per a unit planted or harvested area of a certain agricultural crop in a crop production season or an entire year by a farm production unit, local jurisdiction or entire nation.

There is the difference in the formula for calculating yield of annual and perennial crops.

a) With respect to annual crops, there are two types of yield such as yield per sown area and yield per harvested area.

- Yield per sown area refers to the production of a crop per the entire cultivated area, including the area of a totally lost crop.

Calculation formula:

Yield per sown area (cropping season or year)

=

Harvested production output (cropping season, year)

Total sown area (cropping season, year)

- Yield per harvested area refers to the production of a crop per harvested area, excluding the area of a totally lost crop.

Calculation formula:

Yield per harvested area (cropping season, year)

=

Harvested production output (cropping season, year)

Total harvested area (cropping season, year)

b) With respect to perennial crops, only the yield on productive area is calculated in a given cropping season or year, regardless of whether there is any product coming out in that season or year (otherwise called operating area), excluding newly-cultivated area, and area under early crop establishment which has yet to be put into operation.      

Calculation formula:

Yield per harvested area (cropping season, year)

=

Harvested production output (year)

Productive crop area (year)  

2. Major classifications

- Crop type;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Seasonal, annual.

4. Data sources:

- Survey of annual crop yield and productivity;

- Survey of perennial crop yield and productivity.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0804. Production of certain major crops

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Crop production refers to the volume of primary products of specific agricultural crops or a group of agricultural crops obtained in a cropping season or within a given year by a crop production unit, local jurisdiction or the entire nation, including:   

- Harvested production of annual crops (paddy, maize; sweet potato, cassava, vegetable, bean, soya-bean, sugarcane, tobacco, groundnut, sedge, etc.) is estimated based on crop production season;

- Harvested production of perennial crops (tea, coffee, rubber, pepper, orange, mango, longan, lychee, rambutan and pineapple, etc.) Perennial crop production includes production of stable productive area and production of early-harvested perennial crops. Calculation of perennial crop production is carried out once a year.

Crop production is calculated according to product forms relative to specific products. Crop production of such products as paddy, maize, green bean, soya-bean, etc., is calculated in the form of dry grain or seed; sweet potato, potato, cassava in the form of fresh tuber; tea in the form of fresh bud, coffee in the form of dry bean, rubber in the form of dry latex, orange in the form of fresh fruit, etc.

Calculation formula:

Crop production

=

Harvested area

x

Harvested yield

2. Major classifications

- Crop type;

- Economic activity;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Seasonal, annual.

4. Data sources

- Survey of annual crop yield and productivity;

- Survey of perennial crop yield and production.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

The General Statistics Office

 

0805. Balance of certain major agricultural products

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Balance of agricultural products refers to a system of indicators representing a relationship between the supply and consumption source of specific agricultural products within a nation during a given period (usually 1 year). With respect to each agricultural product, total supply source equals total consumption of that product over time periods.

For the purpose of preparing the balance chart of an agricultural product, the following components must be determined:

- Total supply of an agricultural product estimated in a given period.

Calculation formula:

Total supply of an agricultural product estimated in a given period

=

Changes in inventories

+

Production output in that period

+

Total import

+ Changes in inventories refer to the fluctuation in inventories in a given year occurring from the production to retail stage; changes in inventories include increases or decreases in the number of these agricultural products stored in warehouses or storage facilities of the State, production, import, export, wholesaling and retailing, shipping and logistics companies, and business households or farms. 

- Production output in a given period refers to total amount of that agricultural product estimated in a given year (exclusive of any loss occurring during the harvest process). 

- Total import refers to total amount of products moved from abroad into a country across borders in a given year.

- Total consumption of an agricultural product estimated in a given period.

Calculation formula:

Total consumption of an agricultural product estimated in a given period

=

Amount used for animal feed production purpose

+

Amount used for breeding purpose 

+

Amount used for processing purpose

+

Amount used for other purposes

+

Losses

+

Exports estimated during that period

+

Amount used for eating purpose

+ Amount used for animal feed production purpose refers to the volume of agricultural products used to feed cattle, poultry and other livestock, and processed products which can be used to feed livestock but are not set apart in the food balance chart;

+ Amount used for breeding purpose refers to an amount of agricultural products used for reproductive purposes, such as seeds to sow and eggs to hatch;

+ Amount used for processing purpose refers to an amount of agricultural products used for manufacturing of food products such as noodles, cakes, cookies, candies, sausages, etc.

+ Amount used for other purposes refers to the number of agricultural products used for producing non-food  and other food products such as coconut for soap making, cassava used as fuel, etc.; consumed by foreign tourists; used in statistical errors, etc.

+ Losses refer to the amount of agricultural products lost during the production through consumption, storage and transportation stage. However, pre- and during-harvest losses must be excluded. Losses occurring during family household's consumption are also excluded, i.e. losses occurring during storage, cooking activities, domestic leftover or throw-away food used to feed livestock;

+ Exports refer to all of movements of agricultural products out of a country within a specified year, including temporary imports and re-exports;

+ Amount used for eating purpose refers to the volume of agricultural products available for human consumption within a particular year, expressed in weight. Per capita data are calculated on the basis of average population permanently residing within a specified year, except for aliens.

Formula for calculating total supply of agricultural products for consumption:

Total supply for consumption

=

Production output in a given period

+

 (Imports – Exports)

+/-

Changes in inventories

-

 (Amount used for breeding purpose + Amount lost + Amount used for processing purpose + Amount used for other purposes

2. Major classifications

- Agricultural product type;

- Source;

- Purpose of use.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- Annual surveys;

- National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0806. Number of cattle, poultry and other livestock

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Number of cattle, poultry and other livestock refers to the number of cattle, poultry and other livestock heads in the animal farming industry estimated as of the observation period, including:

a) The number of cattle:

- The number of buffaloes, inclusive of buffaloes used for meat and ploughing, estimated at the observation time (including buffalo calves newly born after 24 hours).

- The number of bovines, including the number of bovines used for meat, ploughing and milk, estimated at the survey time (including calves newly born after 24 hours).

+ The number of dairy cattle refers to the population of cattle derived from dairy cattle breeds which are kept and raised especially for milk.

+ The number of dairy cows refers to the population of dairy cows which have given at least one litter.

- The number of female swine, swine raised for meat and hogs (except piglets).

+ The number of female swine refers to pigs which are separately and selectively kept and raised for farrowing and those which give birth to at least 1 litter.

+ The number of sows refers to the population of sows which have given birth to at least one litter.

+ The number of hogs includes male pigs raised for hogging purposes.

- The number of other cattle includes horses, goats, sheep, stags, deer, rabbits, dogs, etc.

b) The number of poultry:

- The number of chickens is composed of the number of domestic, indigenous chickens, and hybrid chickens created by crossing domestic, indigenous chickens with imported breeds and industrially-farmed chickens for meat and eggs (Only including those aged 1 year or older. With respect to industrially-farmed chickens, only including those aged 7 days or older).

+ Industrially-farmed chickens include several chicken breeds usually derived from foreign chicken breeds which are raised especially for meat (broiler chickens) or farmed especially for eggs (egg-laying hens). Industrially-farmed chickens usually produce high yield of meat or eggs, are farmed in large quantities during the closed process and entirely fed by industrially-produced animal feed.

+ Egg-laying hens include domestic/indigenous chickens and industrially-farmed chickens reared for eggs.

- The number of ducks and geese bred for meat and eggs (only including those aged 1 month or older).

- The number of other poultry, including quails, pigeons, ostriches, etc.

c) Other livestock:

The number of other livestock, including bees, pythons, snakes, etc.

2. Major classifications

- Livestock type;

- Animal farming form (business/farm/family household);

- Economic activity;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Biannual, annual.

4. Data sources: Animal farming survey.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0807. Production of certain major livestock products

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Production of certain major livestock products refers to total amount of primary cattle, poultry and other main livestock products resulted from a combination of two components such as animal farming workforce and the livestock’s natural maturity during a given period of a quarter, 6 months or a year, including:    

- Production of livestock sold on a liveweight basis: Live weights of herds of cattle, poultry and other livestock which are sold or slaughtered on farms during that period; which are other than those sold to meet breeding, egg-laying and ploughing demands; which are stunted and are suffering diseases but still slaughtered for meat;

- Production of livestock products without requiring any slaughter: Products obtained by farming cattle, poultry and other livestock without requiring any slaughter thereof, including raw milk, eggs, silkworm cocoons, honey, sheep hides, antlers,...

2. Major classifications

- Product type;

- Economic activity;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Biannual, annual.

4. Data sources: Animal farming survey.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0808. Concentrated area of newly-planted forests

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Concentrated area of newly-planted forests refers to land used for planting forest crops meeting required cultivation standards and covering an area of at least 0.5 ha, including a strip of plants which is at least 20 m wide and encompasses not less than 3 lines of plants, which occurs during a specified period (quarter, 6 months, 9 months and year).

This is composed of concentrated area of forest newly planted by economic activities during that period. This excludes area of industrial plants such as rubber, coffee and tea, etc. cultivated on forest land parcels by using funds from forestry programs and projects.  Concentrated area of newly-planted forest estimated within this period but failing to meet required cultivation standards shall be subject to felling for secondary or third replanting shall be counted as one unit newly-planted area.

With reference to planting purposes, concentrated area of newly-planted forest shall be classified into area of newly-planted production forest, area of newly-planted protection forest and area of newly-planted special-use forest.

2. Major classifications

a) For a period of 6 months, it is classified by forest types.

b) For a period of a year, it is classified by:

- Forest type (classified by planting purposes);

- Economic activity;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Biannual, annual.

4. Data sources:

- Forestry survey;

- National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal investigator: The General Statistics Office;

- Collaborator: The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development.

 

0809. Production of wood and non-wood forest products

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Production volume of wood and non-wood forest products refers to weight of timber, logs, bamboos, neohouzeaua bamboos, bamboo reeds and white bamboos, etc. and natural forest products such as lac, plant resin, oil-bearing fruits and seed-bearing fruits, etc. produced and collected from natural forests and planted forests during a specified period.

- Production of wood including roundwood, crude wood, sawnwood, wood beams, debarked wooden poles, posts, railway wood sleepers.

- Production of non-wood products including timber logs, bamboos, white bamboos, commercial neohouzeaua bamboos, neohouzeaua bamboos used as raw materials for paper production, etc.

- Production of other products collected from forests, including lac, ordinary and aromatic plant resin, oil-bearing fruits and others.  

2. Major classifications

a) Production of wood is classified by:

- Economic activity;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

b) Production of main non-wood forest products is classified by:

- Forest product type;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- Forestry survey;

- National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal investigator: The General Statistics Office;

- Collaborator: The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development.

 

0810. Aquaculture area

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Aquaculture area refers to area of natural or artificial water surface used for aquacultural activities during a given period, including area of ponds, lakes, tarns, paddy fields, salterns, closed river sections, pools, bays, lagoons, artificial sandy ponds, coastal tidal flats, and irrigation reservoirs and dams allowed for fish farming and protection of aquatic resources to be harvested, and enclosed areas on rivers, large lakes and coasts for aquaculture, and area of embankments and irrigation trenches; sediment and refining ponds, etc. 

Aquaculture area excludes area of facilities auxiliary to fish farming activities, such as area used for construction of power transformation stations, workplaces, tents, warehouses/facilities for storage/processing of food, etc., and area of water surface which is not used for fish culture.

Calculation formula:

Total aquaculture area estimated within a given period

=

Number of fish farming seasons

x

Aquaculture area

Where:

+ Number of fish farming seasons refers to the number of total harvests within a given period. If, within this period, a farming season is subject to multiple harvests carried out to reduce farmed seafood population, introduction of new fish or seafood to repopulate harvested areas, and is unspecified, it is simply counted as one.        This usually happens to extensive fish farming practice and improved one;

+ Area of water surface used for aquaculture activities shall be calculated with respect to main species. Main species are identified according to initial purposes of aquaculture farmers and usually are highest-value or highest-yielding ones.

With regard to unfixed area of water surfaces (which may be increased or decreased by monsoon and tidal effects, etc.), only the average and relatively fixed part of aquaculture area shall be calculated during that period.

With regard to low-lying fields intended for shrimp or fish farming activities, only area of water surface which is at least 30 cm deep and has been used for aquaculture for more than 3 months shall be counted.

- If the same area is used in multiple farming seasons and fish or seafood species are different in these seasons, species-specific aquaculture area estimated within that period shall be calculated. 

For the purpose of study and classification criteria, aquaculture area shall be classified by:

a) Water type:

- Freshwater aquaculture area refers to area of land for aquaculture located on mainlands or islands or zones which have not been invaded by seawater, such as rivers, springs, irrigation dam, flooded and low-lying land (low-lying or muddy fields, etc.), and have salinity of below 0.5‰.

- Brackish water aquaculture area refers to area of land for aquaculture situated within regions where mainlands are contiguous to sea (estuaries, small river mouths, etc. where freshwater flowing from mainlands meets saltwater); having salinity ranging from 0.5 to 20‰.

- Saltwater aquaculture area refers to area of land for aquaculture situated at sea regions (having seawater salinity of more than 20‰).   Sea region starts from low-tide waterline seawards.

b) Aquafarming method:

- Intensive aquafarming refers to aquacultural practices performed by applying high technological knowledge and conforming to strict farming rules which have significant impacts on development and maturity of aquatic organisms, which consist of species selection carried out in conformity with regulatory environmental standards (being pure, various sizes and vitality) carefully prepared before breeding, farming population density meeting stated regulations, farmed aquatic organisms receiving daily and hourly care for the purpose of prevention and control of diseases, and making sure that environmental conditions are suitable for growth of farmed aquatic organisms; industrially-produced aquaculture feeds; infrastructure and facilities which are comprehensively invested in, such as ponds, reservoirs, lakes, irrigation, transportation, water supply and drainage and aeration systems. Intensive aquafarming shall be far more higher-yielding than traditional aquafarming.  

Recirculating (closed) system is also a high-yielding intensive aquafarming.

- Semi-intensive aquafarming refers to an aquacultural practice with farming technology which is lower than intensive aquafarming but higher than improved extensive aquaculture practice, including aquatic species which are produced or natural, and raised at high stocking density; aquaculture ponds, lakes and reservoirs which receive relatively large investments and are furnished with machinery and devices such as oxygenation aerators and paddlewheels, etc; feeds provided on a daily basis which are mainly industrially-produced ones.       

- Improved extensive aquafarming refers to an aquacultural practice with farming technology which is lower than semi-intensive aquafarming but higher than extensive aquaculture practice, including aquatic species raised at low stocking density; provided feeds which are industrially produced, or are industrial ones combined with naturally produced ones at regular feeding rate and optimal ration size.      

- Extensive aquafarming refers to a farming practice by applying technological knowledge which is simple and cause less impact on growth and maturity of cultured aquatic organisms, raising species at a low stocking density, using feeds which are mainly derived from water intake (through culverts), detaining aquatic organisms in a specified duration (depending on farmed organisms and farming season), and probably providing feeds on a regular basis which has yet to conform to strict feeding procedures. This method is also called traditional aquafarming, which offers both advantages such as conformance with natural rules, less harm to environment and disadvantage such as very low yields produced.

c) Aquaculture forms: aquaculture carried out in ponds, tanks, cages, rafts, pen or enclosure culture, canvas-lined bottom culture/constructed pond culture; net or mesh fence culture, low-lying field culture, irrigation dams or reservoirs, coastal bays or lagoons, etc.

d) Aquaculture practices

- Intensive aquafarming: farming one aquaculture species.

- Integrated aquafarming: farming one aquaculture species in combination with one or multiple aquaculture species, or raising aquaculture organisms combined with various-sector production, such as fish - paddy rice, shrimp - paddy rice, fish/shrimp/other aquaculture organisms raised in mangrove forests, etc., including:

+ Farming of aquaculture organisms and paddy rice referring to aquafarming combined with paddy rice cultivation in the form of 1 season of fish/shrimp/other aquaculture organism - 1 season of paddy rice (excluding area in which aquaculture is combined with paddy rice cultivation).

+ Aquaculture carried out in mangrove forests referring to area where aquaculture combines with forest planting or is carried out in mangrove forests in order to protect ecological environment.

2. Major classifications

- Main type of aquaculture species;

- Aquafarming method;

- Type of water body;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- Aquaculture survey;

- Rural and agricultural census;

- Mid-period rural and agricultural survey.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0811. Fishery production

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Fishery production refers to total amount of useful products which have not been processed, or have undergone primary processing, from aquaculture and fishery operations during a specified period (usually a month, quarter, 6 months and year), including: 

- Aquatic animal species living in inland, inshore and offshore water:

+ Scaly fish species, including carps, chubs, mud carps, grass carps, red snappers, groupers, etc., or scaleless fish species, including goby fishes, eel fishes and flounders, etc.

+ Crustacean animal species, including shrimps, sea crabs, swimming crabs, fiddler crabs, etc.;

+ Molluscan species, including cephalopod molluscs (squids, octopuses, etc.); univalve mollusks (snails); bivalve mollusks (hard clams, scallops, basket clams, geoduck clams, mussels, etc.);

+ Other aquatic animal species (marine turtles and worms, etc.)

- Aquatic plant species, including seaweeds, kelps, etc.;

- Ocean-derived products used as inputs for production or consumption activities, such as pearls, edible bird's nests and snail shells, etc.

Production of other captured animal mammals (except whales), including seals and hippopotamuses, etc. shall be excluded.

Fishery production may be categorized by research objectives and classifying criteria.

a) Activities, including:

- Capture fishery production refers to total output of fishery products obtained from catching, fishing and harvesting of wild aquatic resources available in inland or oceanic saltwater, brackish water and freshwater surfaces during a specified period. Capture fishery production is composed of marine and inland fishery production.

- Aquaculture production refers to total output of aquatic products obtained from farming and cultivation of aquatic species in saltwater, brackish water and freshwater surfaces.

b) Type of water surface, including:

- Freshwater aquaculture production;

- Brackish water aquaculture production;

- Saltwater aquaculture production;

Type of water surface for calculation of aquaculture production is identified by the terminal water surface where aquaculture species are grown, even though they have lived in other water environments earlier.

c) Aquatic species, including:

- Fish production;

- Shrimp production;

- Other aquatic organism production.

2. Major classifications

a) For a period of a quarter, it is classified by:

- Group of fishing ship or vessel capacity;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

b) For a period of 6 months or a year, it is classified by:

- Aquaculture species;

- Economic sector;

- Type of water body;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period

a) Fishery production: biannual, annual;

b) Marine capture fishery production: quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources:

- Aquaculture survey;

- Rural and agricultural census;

- Mid-period rural and agricultural survey.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0812.  Number and capacity of engine-powered fishing vessels

1. Definition and calculation methodology

a) Number of ships/vessels

Number of engine-powered fishing ships/vessels refers to ships/vessels specially built for fishery production with engines attached to move, including ships/vessels which have been inspected or have yet to be subject to any inspection but actually brought into fishing operation in a specified year; and mechanical ships/vessels which have just been built for long-term fishery production purposes.  

b) Fishing ship/vessel capacity

Fishing ship/vessel capacity refers to total existing power of main engine of s ship/vessel determined within a specified period. Unit of measurement of capacity is metric horsepower (CV). The number of engine-powered fishing ships/vessels is grouped into ships/vessels with engine power of less than 20CV; ranging from 20CV to below 50CV; ranging from 50CV to below 90CV; ranging from 90CV to below 250CV; ranging from 250CV to below 400CV; at least 400CV.

2. Major classifications

- Capacity group;

- Main fishery activity;

- Fishery scope;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- Aquaculture survey;

- Rural and agricultural census;

- Mid-period rural and agricultural survey.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

09. Industry

0901. Industrial production index

1. Definition and calculation methodology

a) Definition

This indicator is the percent ratio between quantity of industrial production at current and base period.

The industrial production index may be calculated with many different base periods with reference to research purposes. In the current context of our country, the selected reference base period is the same period last year and the immediately preceding period. A fixed month of an undetermined year is rarely used as the reference base period. However, most of the countries in the world are using an average month of a year as the reference base period for calculation of “index of quantity of industrial production”.

Calculation of the industrial production index begins with the calculation of the production index of commodity (also called the individual index). The individual index may be used for measurement of production indices of 4-digit, 2-digit and 1-digit industries and the whole industry; additionally, production indices of a local government area and the entire country.

Calculation formula:

Where:

Ix: General production index;

iXn: Production index of the nth product (or industry sector);

WXn: Production weight of the nth product (or industry sector). In this formula, the weight is represented as the proportion of a product in an industry sector or the proportion of a detailed industry belonging to a higher-level industry classification.

b) Calculation process

- Measuring the production index of a product 

Calculation formula:

Where:

iqn: Production index of the nth product (for example, electric, coal, textile, cement product, etc.);

qn1: Quantity of items manufactured in a reporting period;

qno: Quantity of items manufactured in a base period.

Measurement of production indices of particular products is simple but much important because indices of specific products would serve as bases for calculation of overall indices for a sector, local government area and the entire nation. If indices of specific products are inaccurate, the general index shall be inaccurate as well.

- Measuring the production index of a 4-digit industry

The production index of a 4-digit industry is the weighted arithmetic average index of indices of representative products in that industry.

Calculation formula:

Where:

IqN4: Production index of the Nth 4-digit industry;

iqn: Production index of the nth product;

Wqn: Production weight of the nth product;

q: Production volume;

N4: 4-digit industry (N4=1,2,3,...j);

 (j: Ordinal number of the last 4-digit industry)

n: Product number (n=1,2,3...k).

 (k: Ordinal number of the final product in the 4-digit industry).

- Measuring the production index of a 2-digit industry

Production index of the 2-digit industry refers to the weighted arithmetic average of production indices of 4-digit industries as representatives for the 2-digit industry (or the weighted arithmetic average of production indices of 3-digit industries representative of the 2-digit industry).

Calculation formula:

Where:

IqN2: Production index of the 2-digit industry;

IqN4: Production index of the 4-digit industry representative of the 2-digit industry;

WqN4:  Production weight of the 4-digit industry representative of the 2-digit industry.

Production weight of the 4-digit industry is defined as the proportion of value added of that 4-digit industry to total value added of the 2-digit industry estimated at the selected date for calculation of such weight.

- Measuring the production index of a 1-digit industry

Production index of the 1-digit industry refers to the weighted arithmetic average of production indices of 2-digit industries belonging to the 1-digit industry.

Calculation formula:

Where:

IqN1: Production index of the 1-digit industry;

IqN2: Production index of the 2-digit industry;

WqN2: Production weight of 2-digit industries.

The 1-digit industry includes multiple 2-digit industries that play different important roles. Depending on specific conditions, possibilities and requirements, the production index of the 1-digit industry is measured by calculating the weighted arithmetic average of all 2-digit industries belonging to the 1-digit industry, or of several 2-digit industries which are significant enough to be representative of the 1-digit industry.  

- Measuring the production index of the entire industry

Production index of the whole industry refers to the weighted arithmetic average of production indices of 1-digit industries (comprising four 1-digit industries such as mining and quarrying; processing and manufacturing; electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply; water supply, sewerage, waste management and remediation activities).

Calculation formula:

Where:

IQ: Production index of the entire industry;

IqN1: Production index of specific 1-digit industries;

WqN1: Weight of specific 1-digit industries.

2. Major classifications

- Economic sector;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Monthly, quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources: Industry survey.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0902. Production of certain major industrial products

1. Definition and calculation methodology

This indicator refers to a measure of total quantity of products important to the economy manufactured by the industry sector during a specified period (month, quarter or year).

The classification system of key industrial products is stipulated with reference to positions and roles of these products regarding demands for domestic consumption, export, reserve and payment into the state budget.   This classification system shall be changed over periods of socio-economic development. Production of each key industrial product includes finished product (primary products, secondary products and by-products) and semi-finished products sold into markets, which consists of:

- Finished products are defined as products manufactured by industrial manufacturing premises, regardless of these products manufactured from raw materials of these premises or those delivered by consumers for processing purposes. These products have already been received in finished goods inventory during a specified period, including:

+ Primary products refer to physical products manufactured by industrial manufacturing activities which conform to stipulated specifications and quality standards.

+ Secondary products refer to physical products manufactured by industrial manufacturing activities which have yet to meet stipulated specifications and quality standards, but remain valid for use and consumption (accepted by markets).

+ By-products (also called parallel products) refer to physical products manufactured by industrial manufacturing activities together with primary products.

- Semi-finished products refer to products which are manufactured by industrial manufacturing activities of premises, have completely gone through a certain manufacturing phase within the scope of a factory (reached a completed phase in all of the manufacturing phases), conform to stipulated specifications and technical standards set out for a manufacturing phase, and move to ongoing manufacturing activities performed by other factories of such premises (ongoing product manufacturing phase). Any semi-finished products of these manufacturing premises sold into the market are also considered as industrial finished products.

2. Major classifications

a) For a period of a month or quarter, it is classified by product category.

b) For a period of a year, it is classified by:

- Product category;

- Economic activity.

3. Release period: Monthly, quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources: Industry survey.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0903. Proportion of export value of high-technology products to total value of high-technology products

1. Definition and calculation methodology

This indicator is a relative indicator expressed in percent ratio of export value of high-technology products to total value of high-technology products during a given period.

Calculation formula:

Proportion of export value of high-technology products to total value of high-technology products

=

Export value of high-technology products estimated during a reporting period

x 100

Total value of high-technology products estimated during a reporting period

High-technology products refer to products which are manufactured by high technologies, meeting accredited quality standards, having outstanding performance, high levels of value added, and showing environmental friendliness. 

2. Major classifications

- Economic sector;

- Type of high-technology products.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- Enterprise survey;

- Goods export and import survey;

- National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal investigator: The General Statistics Office;

- Collaborator: The Ministry of Industry and Trade, the Ministry of Science and Technology and the Ministry of Finance.

 

0904. Proportion of manufacturing industry to GDP

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Proportion of manufacturing industry to GDP refers to percent ratio of value added generated by the manufacturing industry to GDP during a given period.

Calculation formula:

Where:

Icbct: Proportion of the manufacturing industry to GDP

VAcbct: Value added of the manufacturing industry

GDP: GDP of the entire economy

2. Major classifications

- Economic activity;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- Enterprise survey;

- Individual production and business establishment survey.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0905. Value added per capita of the manufacturing industry by the purchasing power parity

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Added per capita of the manufacturing industry by the purchasing power parity (PPP) is calculated by dividing proportion of value added of the manufacturing industry in a given year by PPP by average population estimated in that year.

Calculation formula:

Where:

VAcbctbq: Value added per capita of the manufacturing industry by the purchasing power parity;

VAcbcttd: Value added of the manufacturing industry by the purchasing power parity;

VAcbcttd = VAcbcthh x Ttd

P: Average population estimated within a given year;

VAcbcthh: Value added of the manufacturing industry by the current price;

Ttd: PPP exchange rate of Vietnam compared with the global average exchange rate.

2. Major classifications: Economic activity.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- Enterprise survey;

- Individual production and business establishment survey.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0906. Consumption index of manufactured products

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Consumption index of manufactured products refers to an indicator comparing level of consumption of manufacturing industry goods and services estimated within a research period with that estimated within a base period used as a reference point for this comparison. That reference base period with respect to a consumption index is usually the average month of the selected base year or the immediately preceding month, or the same month last year, etc.

Process for calculating the consumption index of manufactured products is also composed of 5 main steps as follows:

- Calculating the product-specific consumption index

Calculation formula:

Where:

itn: Consumption index of the nth product;

Tn1: Quantity of physical products consumed during the current period of the nth product;

Tn0: Quantity of physical products consumed during the reference base period of the nth product;

t: Consumption;

n: Ordinal numbers of products (n=1,2,3,...k)

- Calculating the consumption index of 4-digit manufacturing industry

Calculation formula:

Where:

ItN4: Consumption index of 4-digit manufacturing industry (N4 = 1, 2, 3,... X);

itn: Consumption index of the nth product;

Wtn: Consumption weight of the nth product (n = 1, 2, 3,.... k).

Consumption weight of a product refers to proportion of revenue generated from consumption of that product to total income earned from consumption of 4-digit manufactured products at the selected time of calculation of weight.  

- Calculating the consumption index of 2-digit manufacturing industry

Calculation formula:

Where:

ItN2: Consumption index of 2-digit manufacturing industry (N2 = 1, 2, 3,... Y);

ItN4: Consumption index of 4-digit manufacturing industry;

WtN4: Consumption weight of 4-digit manufacturing industry.

Consumption weight of 4-digit manufacturing industry refers to proportion of consumption revenue of that 4-digit manufacturing industry to total consumption income of the 2-digit manufacturing industry at the selected time of calculation of weight.

- Calculating the consumption index of the whole manufacturing industry

Calculation formula:

Where:

ItN1: Consumption index of the whole manufacturing industry;

ItN2: Consumption index of 2-digit manufacturing industry;

WtN2: Consumption weight of 2-digit manufacturing industry.

Consumption weight of 2-digit manufacturing industry refers to proportion of consumption revenue of that 2-digit manufacturing industry to total consumption income of the 1-digit manufacturing industry at the selected time of calculation of weight.

2. Major classifications: Economic activity.

3. Release period: Quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources: Industry survey.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0907. Inventory index of manufactured products

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Inventory index of manufactured products refers to an indicator comparing level of inventories in the manufacturing industry estimated at the observation period and that estimated within the selected reference base period. Based on study purposes, the reference base period varies, specifically including:

- With respect to a comparison with level of inventories in the fixed base period, the beginning and end of a fixed month, or the beginning or end of a fixed year in which such level is estimated must be designated as the reference base period for such comparison to be made in the following months and years;

- With respect to a comparison with level of inventories in the same period last year, the end of the previous month, quarter and year in which such level is estimated must be designated as the reference base period;

- With respect to a comparison with level of inventories in the immediately preceding period, the end of the immediately preceding month, quarter and year in which such level is estimated must be designated as the reference base period.

Inventory index of products reflects fluctuations in inventories that exist in industrial production premises. 

Inventory index of industrial products comprises of product-specific inventory indices measured on the basis of quantities of inventories with respect to specific products identified in the interval between the reporting period and reference base period; inventory indices of products in 4-digit industries are defined as the weighted arithmetic averages of inventory indices of products representative of these 4-digit industries; inventory indices of products in 2-digit and 1-digit industries are defined as the weighted arithmetic averages of inventory indices of representative industry subdivisions and ownership types. 

- Product-specific consumption index

Calculation formula:

Where:

idn: Inventory index of the product n (n = 1, 2, 3... k);

qdn1: Inventory quantity of the product n at some points of the current period;

qdn0: Inventory quantity of the product n at some points of the reference base period;

d: Inventory.

- The inventory index of 4-digit manufacturing industry

Calculation formula:

Where:

IdN4: Inventory index of the 4-digit index;

idn: Inventory index of the nth representative product;

Wdn: Inventory weight of the nth product.

Inventory weight of a product refers to proportion of inventory value of that product to total inventory of the 4-digit manufacturing industry estimated at the point of time selected for calculation of such weight. 

- The inventory index of 2-digit manufacturing industry

Calculation formula:

Where:

IdN2: Inventory index of 2-digit manufacturing industry;

IdN4: Inventory index of 4-digit manufacturing industry;

WtN4: Inventory weight of 4-digit manufacturing industry.

Inventory weight of 4-digit manufacturing industry refers to proportion of inventory value of the 4-digit manufacturing industry to total inventory value of the 2-digit manufacturing industry at the selected point of time for calculation of weight.

- The inventory index of the whole manufacturing industry

Calculation formula:

Where:

IdN1: Inventory index of the whole manufacturing industry;

IdN2: Inventory index of 2-digit manufacturing industry;

WdN2: Inventory weight of 2-digit manufacturing industry.

Inventory weight of 2-digit manufacturing industry refers to proportion of inventory value of the 2-digit manufacturing industry to total inventory value of the 1-digit manufacturing industry at the point of time selected for calculation of weight.

2. Major classifications: Economic activity.

3. Release period: Quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources: Industry survey.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0908. Balance of certain major energy resources

1. Definition and calculation methodology

a) Energy resource

Energy is a special type of physical material that exists in different forms (physical forms such as coal, wood, oil and gas; non-physical forms such as electricity, wind energy, etc., all of which have the common properties such as generating a certain amount of heat or possibly producing work by force transmission systems after consumption thereof. Energy resource indicator refers to a measure of volume of energy resources available to meet consumption demands of the entire society in a specified period (month, quarter or year). Different types of energy are measured by different physical units, including kilowatt-hours for electricity; tonnes for coal; tonnes or litters for gas and oil; cubic meters for natural gas, etc. Additionally, all energy resources can be commonly measured by energy conversion units including calories or joules, etc.    

Formula for calculating total energy resource:

Total energy resource

=

Inventory differences

+

Production

+

Imports

-

Exports

-

Wastage or losses

Each components in this formula shall be measured as follows:

- Inventory differences represent the possibility that energy resources are available for immediate utilization on demand, and thus accounted for as the supply balanced with the demand. Calculation of inventories shall be applied from the energy production to supply stage, including those calculated at the energy production, supply and even utilization.    As regards energy resources of which production is associated with consumption thereof, and quantity of inventories is not identified, then inventories component in this formula equals 0. 

The difference between opening and closing inventory balances shall be included as part of total energy resource. This component shall be calculated by the subtraction between opening and closing inventory balances. If positive, it will be added to total energy resources, and if negative, it will be taken away from total energy resources within a given period.   

- Production represents output of a particular energy resource produced within a given period which is accounted for as inventories or available for consumption. Output of energy resources included as part of total energy resources must be products meeting demands and completely received as inventories through receiving procedures for consumption (applicable to those required to conform to inventory receiving regulations, such as energy resources generated from coal production, oil drilling and petroleum refining activities, etc.); or those available to be supplied to meet utilization demands (applicable to energy resources produced but having yet to be received as inventories through receiving procedures, including those generated from electricity and gas production, etc.). Specific calculation of produced energy resources shall be as follows:

+ With respect to produced energy resources (even including primary and secondary energy resources) which have been received as finished inventories, output thereof is equal to output of these energy resources which have already been received as inventories in a given calculation period.

+ Where production of energy resources serves both sale and other internal operating purposes of a production unit, output of energy resources used for both sale and internal operating purposes must be fully calculated. In order to prevent any occurrence of overlaps and omissions, this is calculated according to the following rules:

If a production unit keeps inventory record of all of produced energy resources, and proceeds to dispatch them for external or internal consumption, calculation of output of these energy resources shall adopt data of energy resources received as inventories within a calculation period.   

If a production unit keeps inventory record of only finished products sold into the market, but does not do so for those intended for internal use and direct supply at the production site, output of produced energy resources is equal to amount of energy resources received as inventories during a calculation period plus actual output which has been consumed for internal operations. 

+ With respect to energy resources produced but having not been received as finished inventories, and being directly supplied for consumption purposes, including those produced from electricity and gas production operations, etc., output thereof is calculated by adopting figures shown on meters at production sites measuring output of energy resources for consumption.   

+ With respect to several energy resources produced to be used not only for their original purposes, but also as inputs into manufacturing operations in other industries. In the former case, they are considered energy products while, in the latter case, they are considered energy products. Output of these products is calculated on the basis of data on actual production thereof that meets needs for energy supply or have been used for energy supply purposes.  

- Imports: In order to balance energy demand and supply, many countries are short of domestically-manufactured energy products to meet demands and need to import common energy products such as coal, petroleum and gas, and even including electricity.  Type of energy resources eligible for importation is decided by the customs authority and output thereof that needs to be measured is quantities thereof which are completely cleared at the bordergate customs and transported to inland storage facilities by importers, or sold directly to domestic consumers.     

- Exports: Unlike imports, exports cause reductions in energy supply.

Exported energy resources are quantity of energy resources which has been cleared at the bordergate customs and carried across borders. Where exportation of energy resources does not require completion of customs procedures, measurement of output thereof is calculated on the basis of the actual production by organizational entities directly selling them abroad. 

- Natural wastage or losses refer to total amount of energy resources lost during the distribution stage in conformity with technical norms, and are inherent properties of energy resources, such as natural vaporization occurring to gas and oil, losses occurring during electric power transmission, and wastage resulted from weather conditions during long-term storage of coal, etc. Such wastage and losses are identified in advance according to permissible norms. As these wastage and losses have been calculated in such components as inventory differences, production and imports, but do not convey a meaning of available supply, this always means negative numbers that must be taken away from other components of total energy resource.

b) Energy consumption

Energy consumption refers to actual volume of energy resources that have been consumed to serve production, household resident’s and other society’s purposes during a given study period.   Energy consumption is normally classified into two indicators, including general energy consumption and final energy consumption.

- General energy consumption refers to volume of energy resources consumed for production, service operation, household resident’s and other purposes.   Volume of energy resources used for general consumption includes input volume of energy resources which will be totally lost by consumption and weight of energy resources.

Calculation formula:

General energy consumption

=

Consumption for production purposes

+

Consumption for service operation purposes

+

Consumption for household resident’s purposes

+

Consumption for other activity purposes

+ Energy consumption for production purposes refers to total amount of energy resources directly consumed for manufacturing of physical goods, or for the industry or agriculture sector.   In principle, output of energy resources directly consumed in production operations must be calculated and, due to the fact that it is impossible to make separate accounting reports on specific operations, calculation of this output must be based on energy consumers who have legal entity status like manufacturing premises using independent business accounting system.  In regard of a manufacturing premise using independent business accounting system engages in multiple operations in different purpose groups, if it is likely to keep separate account of energy resources consumed for specific purpose groups, such energy consumption shall be entered into calculation thereof for each group. If it is unlikely to keep accounting reports apart, all energy consumption shall be charged for main operations of that premise.

+Energy consumption for service operation purposes refers to quantity of energy resources directly consumed for for-profit, revenue-generating and public utility services undertaken by service businesses and non-commercial entities. With respect to service businesses, method for calculation thereof is similar to energy consumption for production purposes as mentioned above. With regard to energy consumption by non-commercial entities, calculation of this indicator must be based on those that have sound legal entity status, such as hospitals, medical service stations, schools and research institutes, etc. With respect to a non-commercial entity engaging in many different activities, where possible, separate accounts of energy resources consumed for specific activities must be kept, and where otherwise impossible, energy consumption in this kind must be calculated for its main operations.

+ Energy consumption for household resident’s purposes refers to total amount of energy resources directly consumed to meet living demands of individual residents or family households.  

The subject of measurement in this component is energy resources consumed to satisfy living demands of household residents and family households, including energy resources for lighting, cooking and functioning of home appliances (laundry machines, irons, televisions, fridges, heaters, vacuum cleaners, fans and air conditioners, etc.). Those directly consumed for production and service operation purposes by resident households shall not be accounted for as energy resources consumed for household resident’s purposes (they are instead accounted for in groups of production or service operation purposes). 

+ Energy consumption for other purposes refers to total amount of energy resources directly consumed to perform activities other than those in the 3 aforesaid groups (including scientific study and testing purposes; activities of international organizations; activities of embassies, etc.).   Calculation of this indicator must be based on institutions and organizations that have sound legal entity status for energy consumption according to energy agreements and actually consumed amount of energy resources for which have been paid to energy providers.

- Final energy consumption is portion of energy resources directly consumed for the entire society once such energy resources after being consumed are totally lost without creating any other energy resources. Energy resources for final consumption do not include those consumed to manufacture new energy resources.

Calculation formula:

Energy resources for final consumption

=

Energy resources for general consumption

-

Energy resources for manufacturing of new energy resources

Calculation of specific components in this formula is similar to that of energy resources for general consumption from which this calculation is that there is no energy resources consumed for manufacturing of other energy resources. 

2. Major classifications

- Type of energy resource;

- Sectors using energy resources.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- Enterprise survey;

- Individual production and business establishment survey;

- Survey of living standards of Vietnamese population.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

0909. Production capacity of industrial product

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Production capacity of certain key industrial products refers to the output of industrial products important to the economy and consumption demands of the resident population generated by the industry sector during a specified period. 

Production capacity of a product is usually displayed by looking at the products terminally generated by production lines and expressed in volume of finished products generated according to the design or actual production capacity. 

a) Design production capacity is defined as the maximum capacity that a production machinery or line currently has in such conditions as the most sufficient and rational utilization of production inputs, application of technological processes according to their design specification, as well as organization of production in normal conditions.   

b) Actual production capacity refers to the actual volume of products generated during a given period under conditions of actual availability of machinery, facilities and equipment, human, financial and other resources.

2. Major classifications

- Major product;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Biennial.

4. Data sources: Survey of production capacity of certain industrial products.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal investigator: The Ministry of Industry and Trade;

- Collaborator: The General Statistics Office.

 

10. Trade and service

1001. Retail sales

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Retail refers to the process of selling new or used goods or those mainly consumed by individuals, households, or at stores, supermarkets, commercial centers, trading cooperatives, market stalls, or mobile stands for selling of goods, etc.

Retail sales are composed of total sum which is obtained or will be obtained from retailing of goods (even including surcharges and fees collected in addition to selling price (if any)) of businesses, or non-farm, forestry and fishery production premises. <>

2. Major classifications

- For a period of a month, it is classified by major commodity headings;

- For a period of a year, it is classified by centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Monthly, quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources

- Enterprise survey;

- Wholesale and retail trade survey;

- Individual production and business establishment survey.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

1002. Turnover in accommodation and food service activities

I. Turnover in accommodation service activities

1. Definition and calculation methodology

- Net turnover in accommodation service activities refers to total monetary amount which has been or will be obtained by providing short-term accommodation service activities to clients in a given period (month/quarter/year). Accommodation service providers include villa or commercial apartment business establishments, hotels, guesthouses, hostels and other accommodation facilities (such as student dorms, mobile accommodation vehicles, etc.)

- Accommodation service comprises business activities of establishments only providing short-term stay services and those providing both short-term stay services and food services or recreational equipment to tourists and travelers. Establishments providing these service activities include hotels, villas or apartments, guesthouses, hostels providing short-stay services; student dorms; mobile accommodation vehicles; tents or camps for temporary stays. In addition, accommodation service includes activities of businesses providing long-term accommodation services to students (such as student villages) and sanitaria.

Long-term accommodation and office lease activities are not considered accommodation service activities and these activities fall into the scope of real estate business activities.

2. Major classifications: Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Monthly, quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources

- Enterprise survey;

- Individual production and business establishment survey;

- Survey of accommodation, food, tourism and other service activities.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

II. Turnover in food service activities

1. Definition and calculation methodology

- Turnover in food service activities refers to total monetary amount of money which have been and will be obtained by catering for clients in a specified time period, including selling of self-produced food and purchasing of food products without requiring any processing or further servicing for catering establishment’s resale (goods purchased for resale).

+ Sales in goods for resale refer to total sum which has been and will be obtained by selling goods which are not manufactured by a catering establishment (this means goods purchased for resale, including alcoholic beverage, beer, tobacco purchased for client’s drinking and smoking at restaurants).

- Food service includes business activities of restaurants, bars and canteens providing on-the-spot (customers provided with table service or self-service) or takeaway food services, or providing food services by means of mobile food stalls; providing food services agreed upon in irregular and food service contracts.

Food services do not include those attached to accommodation service providers which do not maintain separate accounting system because these services have been included as part of accommodation services.

2. Major classifications: Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Monthly, quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources

- Enterprise survey;

- Individual production and business establishment survey;

- Survey of accommodation, food, tourism and other service activities.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

1003. Sales in other service activities

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Sales in other service activities include:

a) Sales in the real property business service refer to total monetary amount which has been and must be obtained by providing real property business services within a given period. Sales in the real property business service are composed of sales in the following services:

- Selling of real property, including land divided into multiple lots and mobile home zones. Sales in real property business activities are constituted by the cost price of real property sold;

- Leasing of real property for production, trading and residential purpose, even including land divided into multiple lots;

- Operation of real property associated with real property ownership and tenure, or rental of houses for residential purposes and non-residential purposes (warehouses, exhibition spaces, walking sites and shopping centers), land, or supply of furnished or unfurnished houses, apartments, or rooms for long-term use in a period of a month or a year;  

- Real property brokerage, consultancy, auction, valuation, and auction of the right to occupy land.

Sales in real property business services do not include sales generated from such activities as construction of houses or structures for sale, division and land reclamation; those performed by hotels, hostels, tents, and camping tourism activities and those performed at other non-residential sites; leasing of short-stay accommodations, student dorms, housing for workers/employees to live together.

b) Sales in administrative and ancillary services (except for travel service) refer to total sum which has been and will be obtained by providing services such as rental or leasing of machinery, equipment and assets (without operators), rental or leasing of personal and household goods; rental and leasing of non-financial assets; labor and employment services; personal protection, security systems, private detective services; cleaning services to homes and buildings and landscape activities; office administrative, support and other business support activities, etc. (except tour operator, travel agency and other tourism support services).

c) Net sales in education and training activities refer to total monetary amount that has been and will be obtained by providing education and training services to clients, including sales generated from overseas study consultancy but excluding sales generated from selling books, newspapers and materials for research purposes and learning tools to customers.

d) Net sales in health care activities refer to total monetary amount that has been and must be obtained by providing medical examination and treatment for clients, exclusive of those generated from selling medicines and household medical instruments such as blood pressure monitors, blood glucose meters and massage devices, etc.

dd) Sales in lottery, sports, recreational and entertainment activities (VSIC 92 and 93) refer to total amount which has been and must be obtained from providing services meeting sports, recreational and entertainment demands of population. Sales in these activities do not include income generated from museums activities, restoration of historical sites, botanical and zoological gardens, and gambling and betting activities; pantomimes, musical and other arts and entertainment activities classified into the group No.90 – Creative, arts and entertainment activities.

In addition to the above-mentioned services, sales in other service activities include total monetary amount which has been and will be obtained from providing repair of computers, personal and household goods (repair and maintenance of computers, peripheral equipment and communications equipment; repair of audio-visual equipment and electronic household appliances; repair of footwear and leather goods, furniture and home furnishings, etc.); washing and cleaning of textile and fur products; funeral services to individuals and community.

2. Major classifications

- Economic sector;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- Enterprise survey;

- Individual production and business establishment survey;

- Survey of accommodation, food, tourism and other service activities.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal investigator: The General Statistics Office;

- Collaborator: Ministries or sectoral authorities having authority over these services.

 

1004. Number of markets, supermarkets and shopping centers

I. Number of markets 

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Number of markets is defined as a measure of the number of markets which are traditional and located in planned areas to meet demands for trading and exchanging of consumer goods among inhabitants living in such areas.

Supermarkets, commercial centers, or shopping malls inside which supermarkets are located, are not considers as the market of this kind. 

Calculation method:

Markets are classified into 3 grades of market as follows:

- The first grade:

+ Have more than 400 trade points, be built in a rigid and modern manner according to the stated planning;

+ Be located in the significant economic and commercial centers of centrally-affiliated cities or provinces, or large-scale markets of an industry or an economic sector, and be held on a regular basis;

+ Have the market ground and area which conform to requirements concerning its operating scope, and provide a wide range of services such as parking lot, goods handling, warehousing, goods quality measurement, inspection, food hygiene and other services. 

- The second grade:

+ Have the number of trade points ranging from more than 200 to 400, be built in a rigid and semi-rigid manner according to the stated planning;

+ Be located in the regional economic exchange center and be held on a regular or irregular basis;

+ Have the market ground and area which conform to requirements concerning its operating scope, and provide basic services such as parking lot, goods handling, warehousing, measurement and public sanitation.

- The third grade:

+ Have no more than 200 trade points, or have yet to be built in a rigid and semi-rigid manner;

+ Mainly meet trading demands of population living in a village, commune/ward/commune-level town and neighboring areas.

2. Major classifications

- Market grade (first, second and third grade);

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The Ministry of Industry and Trade.

II. Number of supermarkets and shopping centers

1. Definition and calculation methodology

The number of supermarkets and shopping centers refers to the total number of supermarkets and shopping centers existing in a given report period. 

Supermarket is a form of modern store; does general or specialized business; supplies diverse, abundant and quality goods; conforms to certain standards concerning trading area, technical equipment, and managerial and business organization capability; provides civilized and convenient customer services in order to satisfy shopping demands of customers.

Shopping center refers to a form of modern, multi-functional commercial organization including a complex of stores and service providers of different sorts, etc. located in the same area or in a side-by-side manner within one or several adjacent structures; meets requirements concerning trading space, technical equipment, managerial and business organization capability; provides civilized and convenient customer services to satisfy the demands for development of trader’s businesses and meets customer’s demands for goods and services.

a) Supermarket is graded as follows:

- The first grade:

+ General supermarket:

Have area for trading activities which is at least 5,000 m2;

Have structures which are built in a solid and aesthetic manner with modern and advanced technical design and equipment, conform to requirements regarding fire protection, environmental sanitation, provide safety and convenience for every customers; arrange parking lots and toilet areas for customers in conformity with its operational scale; 

Have advanced and modern storage systems and technical equipment used for storing, processing, packing, selling, measuring goods, making payment and managing business activities;

Classify and arrange goods by industry sectors and divisions in a well-organized and logical manner to provide customers with convenient and less time-consuming selection, shopping and payment; provide personal locker services; operate food and beverage, amusement services and services for the disabled, children, and home delivery, online and telephone sale services.

+ Specialized supermarket:

Have area for trading activities which is at least 1,000 m2;

Have structures which are built in a solid and aesthetic manner with modern and advanced technical design and equipment, conform to requirements regarding fire protection, environmental sanitation, provide safety and convenience for every customers; arrange parking lots and toilet areas for customers in conformity with its operational scale;

Have advanced and modern storage systems and technical equipment used for storing, processing, packing, selling, measuring goods, making payment and managing business activities;

Classify and arrange goods by industry sectors and divisions in a well-organized and logical manner to provide customers with convenient and less time-consuming selection, shopping and payment; provide personal locker services; operate food and beverage, amusement services and services for the disabled, children, and home delivery, online and telephone sale services.

- The second grade:

+ General supermarket:

Have area for trading activities which is at least 2,000 m2;

Have structures which are built in a solid and aesthetic manner with modern technical design and equipment, conform to requirements regarding fire protection, environmental sanitation, provide safety and convenience for every customers; arrange parking lots and toilet areas for customers in conformity with its operational scale; 

Have modern storage systems and technical equipment used for storing, packing, selling goods, making payment and managing business activities;

Classify and arrange goods by industry sectors and divisions in a well-organized and logical manner to provide customers with convenient and less time-consuming selection, shopping and payment; provide personal locker services; operate food and beverage, amusement services and services for the disabled, children, and home delivery and telephone sale services.

+ Specialized supermarket:

Have area for trading activities which is at least 500 m2;

Have structures which are built in a solid and aesthetic manner with modern technical design and equipment, conform to requirements regarding fire protection, environmental sanitation, provide safety and convenience for every customers; arrange parking lots and toilet areas for customers in conformity with its operational scale; 

Have modern storage systems and technical equipment used for storing, packing, selling goods, making payment and managing business activities;

Classify and arrange goods by industry sectors and divisions in a well-organized and logical manner to provide customers with convenient and less time-consuming selection, shopping and payment; provide personal locker services; operate food and beverage, amusement services and services for the disabled, children, and home delivery services, and sale of goods by post or phone.

- The third grade:

+ General supermarket:

Have area for trading activities which is at least 500 m2;

Have structures which are built in a solid and aesthetic manner with modern technical design and equipment, conform to requirements regarding fire protection, environmental sanitation, provide safety and convenience for every customers; arrange parking lots and toilet areas for customers in conformity with its operational scale; 

Have modern storage systems and technical equipment used for storing, packing, selling goods, making payment and managing business activities;

Classify and arrange goods by industry sectors and divisions in a well-organized and logical manner to provide customers with convenient and less time-consuming selection, shopping and payment; provide personal locker services; operate services for the disabled and home delivery services.

+ Specialized supermarket:

Have area for trading activities which is at least 250 m2;

Have structures which are built in a solid and aesthetic manner with modern technical design and equipment, conform to requirements regarding fire protection, environmental sanitation, provide safety and convenience for every customers; arrange parking lots and toilet areas for customers in conformity with its operational scale; 

Have modern storage systems and technical equipment used for storing, packing, selling goods, making payment and managing business activities;

Classify and arrange goods by industry sectors and divisions in a well-organized and logical manner to provide customers with convenient and less time-consuming selection, shopping and payment; provide personal locker services; operate services for the disabled and home delivery services.

b) Shopping centers are divided into 3 following grades:

- The first grade:

+ Have area for trading activities which are at least 50,000 m2, and parking lots according with its operational scale;

+ Have structures which are built in a solid and aesthetic manner with modern and advanced technical design and equipment, conform to requirements regarding fire protection, environmental sanitation, provide safety and security for every entity involved in trading activities within its precinct; 

+ Operate on a multifunctional basis by trading goods and services taking various forms, including areas intended for placement of goods wholesaling and retailing stores; restaurants, hotels; product promotional exhibition and fair halls; spaces for entertainment, recreational activities, offices for rent, convention rooms or halls used for holding meetings, conferences, workshops, commercial contract signing ceremonies between domestic and/or foreign parties; areas intended for financial, banking, insurance, post and telecommunications, computer science, consultancy, investment brokerage and tourism activities.

- The second grade:

+ Have area for trading activities which are at least 30,000 m2, and parking lots according with its operational scale;

+ Have structures which are built in a solid and aesthetic manner with modern and advanced technical design and equipment, conform to requirements regarding fire protection, environmental sanitation, provide safety and security for every entity involved in trading activities within its precinct; 

+ Operate on a multifunctional basis by trading goods and services taking various forms, including areas intended for placement of goods wholesaling and retailing stores; restaurants, hotels; product promotional exhibition and fair halls; spaces for entertainment, recreational activities, offices for rent, convention rooms or halls used for holding meetings, conferences, workshops, commercial contract signing ceremonies between domestic and/or foreign parties; areas intended for financial, banking, insurance, post and telecommunications, consultancy, investment brokerage and tourism activities.

- The third grade:

+ Have area for trading activities which are at least 10,000 m2, and parking lots according with its operational scale;

+ Have structures which are built in a solid manner with modern technical design and equipment, conform to requirements regarding fire protection, environmental sanitation, provide safety, security and convenience for every entity involved in trading activities within its precinct; 

+ Operate on a multifunctional basis by trading goods and services taking various forms, including areas intended for placement of goods wholesaling and retailing stores; product promotional exhibition and fair halls; spaces for food and beverage services, entertainment, recreational activities, offices for rent, convention rooms or halls used for holding meetings, conferences, workshops, commercial contract signing ceremonies between domestic and/or foreign parties; areas intended for consultancy, investment brokerage and tourism activities.

2. Major classifications

- Economic activity;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The Ministry of Industry and Trade.

 

1005. Goods export and import value

I. Goods export value

1. Definition and calculation methodology

This indicator is defined as total value of goods carried abroad and causing a decrease in the national material wealth.   Export value measured at FOB price or equivalent refers to the value of the goods at the first port of exit (exclusive of international insurance and shipping costs), estimated during a given time period and denominated in the US dollar as a single unit of currency. 

Exports include all of the goods of domestic origin and re-exports, or goods which are carried abroad, as follows:

- Goods of domestic origin refer to goods which are domestically mined, extracted, manufactured or processed according to the Vietnam rules of origin;

- Re-exports refer to all exported goods of foreign origin which are previously recorded as imports.

Calculation method:

- Goods which are exported in the following forms:

+ Trade: Goods sold according to common trade agreements signed with foreign parties;

+ Investment: Goods exported for the purpose of creating fixed assets in projects qualifying for investment incentive policies, projects financed by ODA funds;

+ Processing: Goods exported under processing and assembling contracts signed with foreign parties, including finished products returned to the original owner after processing; raw materials/inputs exported for processing; goods exported as product samples used in processing; machinery, equipment directly used in processing under terms and conditions of processing contracts;

+ Re-exports defined as exported goods of foreign origin which are previously recorded as imports.

- Goods which are exported in the form of bartering with foreign partners, which does not use the pecuniary payment method;

- Goods which are exported as transactions between parent companies and subsidiary companies thereof or foreign direct investment branches;

- Goods which are exported in the form of loan borrowing, governmental or non-governmental grant;

- Goods which are exported under finance lease contracts where lessees have rights, obligations and incur any risk, etc. associated with goods. Where the abovementioned contents are not specified in contracts of such kind, the lease period of at least 12 months shall be taken into consideration;

- Goods which are returned in import and export businesses;

- Goods which are carried abroad for fairs, exhibitions or launch of product samples, and sold abroad;

- Goods which are sold or bartered by border residents, exported without commercial contracts, carried by outgoing passengers and in excess of stated allowance and subject to payment of applicable export duties in accordance with laws and regulations; 

- Special goods:

+ Non-monetary gold refers to gold in the form of bars, ingots, powders, nuggets, flakes, etc. exported by enterprises or commercial banks (except for banks authorized to perform transactions thereof by the State Bank) for commercial, working and manufacturing, etc. purposes in accordance with laws and regulations;

+ Unissued banknotes and securities, and coins not in circulation; coin and paper money collections;

+ Carriers of information or images: magnetic tapes, magnetic disks, CD-ROMs, smart cards, etc., whether or not recorded, or computer software, which are manufactured for general or commercial use (excluding those produced upon the request or order of foreign customers);

+ Goods dispatched abroad through postal or courier services, be valued at the value exceeding stipulated export duty exemption limits; 

+ Goods exported by using means of electronic commerce: Information exchange, goods ordering, commercial contract signing and payment made with foreign partners performed via the Internet, but goods physically moved outside of the territory of Vietnam and subject to normal customs procedures;

+ Electricity;

+ Goods, fuels sold to be used by foreign means of transport in their international journeys;

+ Minerals extracted or mined within the continental shelf, international waters and overlapping zones, etc., and sold abroad; 

+ Offshore drilling rigs sold;

+ Aircraft, watercraft and other transport equipment qualifying for being transacted without requiring submission of customs declarations.

2. Major classifications

a) For a period of a month, it is classified by:

- Economic activity (domestic economic sector and foreign direct investment sector);

- List of Vietnam’s exports and imports;

- Country/territory of final destination of goods refers to the country/territory to which goods are shipped under an arrangement with foreign customers, and at the time of exportation there is the knowledge that none of commercial transactions or operations that occur will lead to any change to the legal status of these goods;  

- Centrally-governed provinces/ cities: Based on export data of enterprises and/or organizations applying for registration of their tax identification numbers in such centrally-affiliated cities/provinces.

b) For a period of a quarter or year, it is classified by:

- Economic activity, including domestic economic sector and foreign direct investment sector;

- Economic industry;

- List of Vietnam’s exports and imports;

- Country/territory of final destination of goods refers to the country/territory to which goods are shipped under an arrangement with foreign customers, and at the time of exportation there is the knowledge that none of commercial transactions or operations that occur will lead to any change to the legal status of these goods;   

- Re-exports;

- Modes of transport: Transport equipment used for moving goods outside of the territory of Vietnam, including sea, air, rail and road transport;

- Centrally-governed provinces/ cities: Based on export data of enterprises and/or organizations applying for registration of their tax identification numbers in such centrally-affiliated cities/provinces.

3. Release period: Monthly, quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources

- With respect to goods that require the lodgement of customs declarations in Vietnam, the data are sourced from the national statistical reporting system;

- With respect to goods that do not require the lodgement of customs declarations in Vietnam, the data are sourced from enterprise surveys, export and import surveys, supplementary declarations included in applications for registration in other countries through exchanges of customs statistical data.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal investigator: The Ministry of Finance;

- Collaborator: The General Statistics Office.

I. Goods import value

1. Definition and calculation methodology

This indicator is defined as total value of goods carried from abroad to Vietnam and causing an increase in the national material wealth.   Import value measured at CIF price refers to the actual price paid at the first port of entry, calculated in a given period and in the US dollar as a single unit of currency. 

Imports include all of the goods of foreign origin and re-imports, or goods which are carried into Vietnam, including:

- Goods of foreign origin defined as goods which are mined, extracted, manufactured or processed from abroad according to the Vietnam rules of origin;

- Re-imports refer to all imported goods of domestic origin which are previously recorded as exports.

Calculation method:

- Goods are imported in the following forms:

+ Trade: Goods are imported for domestic production, consumption, export and normal business purposes, or imported according to common trade agreements signed with foreign parties;

+ Investment: Goods imported to create fixed assets of projects qualifying for investment incentive policies, and those financed by ODA funds;

+ Processing: Goods imported under processing and assembling contracts signed with foreign parties, including raw materials/inputs imported for processing; goods imported as product samples used in processing; machinery, equipment directly used in processing under terms and conditions of processing contracts;

+ Re-imports defined as all imported goods of domestic origin which are previously recorded as exports.

- Goods which are imported in the form of bartering with foreign partners, which does not use the pecuniary payment method;

- Goods which are transacted between parent companies and subsidiary companies thereof or foreign direct investment branches;

- Goods that take the form of loan borrowing, governmental or non-governmental grant;

- Goods which are imported under finance lease contracts where lessees have rights, obligations and incur any risk, etc. associated with goods. Where the abovementioned contents are not specified in contracts of such kind, the lease period of at least 12 months shall be taken into consideration;

- Goods which are returned in import and export businesses;

- Goods which are moved inside of Vietnam for fairs, exhibitions or launch of product samples, and sold in Vietnam;

- Goods which are purchased or bartered by border residents, imported without commercial contracts, carried by inbound passengers and in excess of stated allowance and subject to payment of applicable import duties in accordance with laws and regulations; 

- Special goods:

+ Non-monetary gold refers to gold in the form of bars, ingots, powders, nuggets, flakes, etc. imported by enterprises or commercial banks (except for banks authorized to perform transactions thereof by the State Bank) for commercial, working, manufacturing and value preservation, etc. purposes in accordance with laws and regulations;

+ Unissued banknotes and securities, and coins not in circulation; coin and paper money collections;

+ Carriers of information or images: magnetic tapes, magnetic disks, CD-ROMs, smart cards, etc., whether or not recorded, or computer software, which are manufactured for general or commercial use (excluding those produced upon the request or order of foreign customers);

+ Goods received through postal or courier services, be valued at the value exceeding stipulated import duty exemption limits; 

+ Goods imported by using means of electronic commerce: Information exchange, goods ordering, commercial contract signing and payment made with foreign partners performed via the Internet, but goods physically moved inside of the territory of Vietnam and subject to normal customs procedures;

+ Electricity;

+ Goods, fuels purchased from abroad to be used in international journeys;

+ Minerals purchased on the continental shelf, international waters and overlapping zones, etc., from abroad; 

+ Offshore drilling rigs purchased;

+ Aircraft, watercraft and other transport equipment qualifying for being transacted without requiring submission of customs declarations.

2. Major classifications

a) For a period of a month, it is classified by:

- Economic activity: Domestic economic sector and foreign direct investment sector;

- List of Vietnam’s exports and imports;

- Final destination country/territory;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

b) For a period of a quarter or year, it is classified by:

- Economic activity: Domestic economic sector and foreign direct investment sector;

- Economic industry;

- List of Vietnam’s exports and imports;

- Final destination country/territory;

- Re-exports;

- Modes of transport: Transport equipment used for moving goods outside of the territory of Vietnam, including sea, air, rail and road transport;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Monthly, quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources

- With respect to goods that require the lodgement of customs declarations in Vietnam, the data are sourced from the national statistical reporting system;

- With respect to goods that do not require the lodgement of customs declarations in Vietnam, the data are sourced from enterprise surveys, export and import surveys.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal investigator: The Ministry of Finance;

- Collaborator: The General Statistics Office.

 

1006. Export and import goods

I. Export goods

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Export goods include goods that fall within the scope of statistics, correspond to regulations on the indicator "Export value - code 1005" and calculated by main goods and different commodity classifications.

2. Major classifications

- Final destination country/territory;

- Re-exports;

- Main product;

- List of Vietnam’s exports and imports.

3. Release period: Monthly, quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources

- With respect to goods that require the lodgement of customs declarations in Vietnam, the data are sourced from the national statistical reporting system;

- With respect to goods that do not require the lodgement of customs declarations in Vietnam, the data are sourced from enterprise surveys, export and import surveys, supplementary declarations included in applications for registration in other countries through exchanges of customs statistical data.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal investigator: The Ministry of Finance;

- Collaborator: The General Statistics Office.

II. Import goods

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Import goods include goods that fall within the scope of statistics, correspond to regulations on the indicator "Export value - code 1005" and calculated by main goods and different commodity classifications.

2. Major classifications

- Final destination country/territory;

- Re-exports;

- Main product;

- List of Vietnam’s exports and imports.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- With respect to goods that require the lodgement of customs declarations in Vietnam, the data are sourced from the national statistical reporting system;

- With respect to goods that do not require the lodgement of customs declarations in Vietnam, the data are sourced from enterprise surveys, export and import surveys.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal investigator: The Ministry of Finance;

- Collaborator: The General Statistics Office.

 

1007. Trade surplus and trade deficit

1. Definition and calculation methodology:

Trade surplus occurs when the value of exports exceeds that of imports within a given time period, and reflects a surplus in the balance of trade.

Trade deficit occurs when the value of imports exceeds that of exports within a given time period, and reflects a deficiency in the balance of trade.

2. Major classifications

- Continent: Classified by geographical regions;

- Group of nations, including EU, ASEAN, OPEC, APEC;

- Country/territory.

3. Release period: Monthly, quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources

- With respect to goods that require the lodgement of customs declarations in Vietnam, the data are sourced from the national statistical reporting system;

- With respect to goods that do not require the lodgement of customs declarations in Vietnam, the data are sourced from enterprise surveys, export and import surveys.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

1008. Service export and import value

I. Service export value

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Service export value refers to total value of revenue generated from services supplied by resident natural (or legal) entities within the territory of Vietnam to non–resident natural (legal) entities, which is equivalent to quantity of services which has been provided.

2. Major classifications

- Service categories: Services are categorized into 11 groups according to the list of Vietnam’s import and export services based on the international Extended Balance of Payments Services Classification, including:

+ Transport services;

+ Tourism and travel-related services;

+ Postal and telecommunication services;

+ Construction and related engineering services;

+ Insurance services;

+ Financial and banking services;

+ Computer and information services;

+ Licenses, trademarks and royalties fees;

+ Other trade-related services;

+ Personal, cultural and recreational services;

+ Government services, not elsewhere classified.

- Main countries/territories.

3. Release period: Quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources

- Survey of expenditure of international visitors to Vietnam;

- Service export and import survey;

- National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal investigator: The General Statistics Office;

- Collaborator: The State Bank of Vietnam; ministries or agencies authorized to manage these services.

II. Service import value

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Service import value refers to gross value of expenditures on services paid by resident natural (or legal) entities within the territory of Vietnam to non–resident natural (legal) entities, which is equivalent to quantity of services which has been used.

2. Major classifications

- Service categories: Services are categorized into 11 groups according to the list of Vietnam’s import and export services based on the international Extended Balance of Payments Services Classification, including:

+ Transport services;

+ Tourism and travel-related services;

+ Postal and telecommunication services;

+ Construction and related engineering services;

+ Insurance services;

+ Financial services;

+ Computer and information services;

+ Licenses, trademarks and royalties fees;

+ Other trade-related services;

+ Personal, cultural and recreational services;

+ Government services, not elsewhere classified.

- Main countries/territories.

3. Release period: Quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources

- Survey of expenditure of international visitors to Vietnam;

- Service export and import survey;

- National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal investigator: The General Statistics Office;

- Collaborator: The State Bank of Vietnam; ministries or agencies authorized to manage these services.

 

1009. Trade surplus and deficit in services

1. Definition and calculation methodology

- Trade surplus in services reflects the balance of trade in services when the gross value of exports of services is greater than the gross value of imports of services in a country during a specified time period.   

- Trade deficit in services reflects the balance of trade in services when the gross value of imports of services is greater than the gross value of exports of services in a country during a specified time period.  

2. Major classifications: Main country/territory.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- Survey of expenditure of international visitors to Vietnam;

- Service export and import survey;

- National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

1010. Proportion of value of processed exports to total goods export value

1. Definition and calculation methodology

This is a relative indicator expressed in the percent ratio of total value of processed exports to total goods export value in a given time period.

It is calculated by dividing total value of processed or refined exports according to the Standard International Trade Classification by total goods export value of the whole country within 6 months or a year in which these exports are divided into 4 classification groups:

- Section 5: Chemicals and related products;

- Section 6: Manufactured goods classified chiefly by material;

- Section 7: Machinery, transport equipment, and parts thereof;

- Section 8: Miscellaneous manufactured articles.

2. Major classifications: It is classified by four above-mentioned sections.

3. Release period: Biannual, annual.

4. Data sources

- With respect to goods that require the lodgement of customs declarations in Vietnam, the data are sourced from the national statistical reporting system;

- With respect to goods that do not require the lodgement of customs declarations in Vietnam, the data are sourced from enterprise surveys, export and import surveys.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

1011. Proportion of value of high-technology exports to total goods export value

1. Definition and calculation methodology

This is a relative indicator expressed in the percent ratio of total value of high-technology exports to total goods export value in a given time period.

It is calculated by dividing total value of high-technology exports of certain commodity sections according to the Standard International Trade Classification by total goods export value in a reporting period. In this indicator, high-technology products include the following headings: aircraft and associated equipment; computers and electronic equipment; electronics and telecommunications; modern medicines; scientific machinery, equipment and instruments; chemicals; non-electric machinery, arms and ammunition.

2. Major classifications: It is classified by the above-mentioned headings.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- With respect to goods that require the lodgement of customs declarations in Vietnam, the data are sourced from the national statistical reporting system;

- With respect to goods that do not require the lodgement of customs declarations in Vietnam, the data are sourced from export and import surveys, and enterprise surveys.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal investigator: The General Statistics Office;

- Collaborator: The Ministry of Industry and Trade, and the Ministry of Science and Technology.

 

1012. Proportion of minerals export value to total goods export value

1. Definition and calculation methodology

This is a relative indicator expressed in the percent ratio of total minerals export value to total goods export value within a period of 6 months or a year.

It is calculated by dividing total value of mineral products exported in a given time period by total goods export value of the whole country within that period. In this indicator, mineral goods are those classified into chapters 25, 26, 27 of the List of Vietnam's exports and imports, specifically including:

- Chapter 25: Salt; sulphur; earths and stone; plastering materials, lime and cement;

- Chapter 26: Ores, slag and ash;

- Chapter 27: Mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation; bituminous substances; mineral waxes.

2. Major classifications: It is classified by three above-mentioned headings.

3. Release period: Biannual, annual.

4. Data sources

- With respect to goods that require the lodgement of customs declarations in Vietnam, the data are sourced from the national statistical reporting system;

- With respect to goods that do not require the lodgement of customs declarations in Vietnam, the data are sourced from export and import surveys, and enterprise surveys.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

1013. Proportion of value of imports of inputs to total goods import value

1. Definition and calculation methodology

This is a relative indicator expressed in the percent ratio of value of imported inputs to total goods import value of the whole country within a given year.

It is calculated by dividing total value of imported inputs by total goods import value of the whole country within a given year. Inputs comprise the followings: machinery, devices, transport equipment and parts thereof; fuels, raw materials and additives used in production. 

2. Major classifications

- Proportion of value of imported goods which are machinery, devices, transport equipment and parts thereof to total goods import value;

- Proportion of value of imported goods which are raw materials to total goods import value

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- With respect to goods that require the lodgement of customs declarations in Vietnam, the data are sourced from the national statistical reporting system;

- With respect to goods that do not require the lodgement of customs declarations in Vietnam, the data are sourced from export and import surveys, and enterprise surveys.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

11. Price

1101. Consumer price index (CPI), gold price index and USD price index

I. Consumer price index (CPI)

1. Definition and calculation methodology

CPI is defined as a relative indicator (expressed in percent) reflecting the trend and rate of change in the general prices of goods and services for daily consumption by the population over a specific time period.

The list of representative goods and services includes main goods and services representative of the population’s consumption in a given time period and are used in periodic investigations and compilations of prices for CPI measurement purposes.

The CPI weight refers to proportion of expenditure on goods and services of different classification groups to the population's total expenditure in a given reference base year. This weight is used without any change made within a period of 5 years.

After each 5-year period, the list of representative items and weights shall be updated to accord with the consumer market and the structure of daily expenditure of the population in a current year.  

Calculation formula:

Consumer price index is calculated according to the weighted geometric average of Laspeyres that takes the general form as follows:

Where:

 means the consumer price index in the reporting period (t) compared to that in the fixed base period (0);

,  respectively means the consumer price in the reporting period (t) and the fixed base period (0);

means the weight in the fixed base period (0);

 means expenditure for consumption in the fixed base period (0);

n means the number of goods.

Method for calculating the consumer price index

The consumer price index is calculated on the basis of results of consumption surveys conducted by specific centrally-affiliated cities/provinces. It is measured by using the method for calculating the weighted geometric average of the level of change in the prices of goods of different classification groups and respective weights thereof.

The CPI of specific centrally-affiliated cities/provinces is measured by using the method for calculating the weighted geometric average of the CPI of target consumer goods and services of each classification group and its respective weights.

The CPI of 6 economic zones is measured by using the method for calculating the weighted geometric average of the CPI of each centrally-affiliated city/province in a particular economic zone and its respective weights.

The CPI of the entire country is measured by using the method for calculating the weighted geometric average of the CPI of economic zones and its respective weights.

2. Major classifications

- Classification of individual consumption according to purpose (COICOP);

- Urban/ rural;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Monthly.

4. Data sources

- Consumer price index (CPI) survey;

- Survey of living standards of Vietnamese population.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

II. Gold price index and USD price index

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Gold price index and/or USD price index is defined as a relative indicator (expressed in percent) reflecting the trend and rate of change in the price of gold and USD on the market over a specific time period.

- Calculation method

Gold and USD prices are compiled on a monthly basis from retailers and average prices are calculated by averaging prices over days of a given month.

Gold and USD price index are calculated according to the following formula:

Where:

 means the index of gold or USD prices the reporting month (t) compared with these in the preceding month thereof (t-1);

 means the average price of gold or USD in the reporting month (t);

 means the average price of gold or USD in the month preceding the reporting month (t-1);

2. Major classifications

- Centrally-governed city/province;

- Economic zone.

3. Release period: Monthly.

4. Data sources: CPI survey.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

1102. Basic inflation index

1. Definition

Basic inflation index refers to a relative indicator (expressed in percent) reflecting the long-term change in the overall price level from which random and temporary CPI changes have been taken away.

2. Calculation method

The general method for calculating the basic inflation index is aimed at eliminating temporary changes, which are otherwise called random components of prices of certain goods in the overall inflation rate.

The common method for calculating the basic inflation index is the direct reduction method since this method is simple, easily applied and understood to users.

Currently, the basic inflation index is calculated by using the method of directly reducing 16 groups of goods including fresh and live food, energy, and state-controlled prices.

3. Release period: Monthly.

4. Data sources: CPI survey.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

1103. Social cost of living index

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Social cost of living index (SCOLI) refers to a relative indicator (expressed in %) reflecting the difference between prices of goods and services used every day by inhabitants in centrally-affiliated cities/provinces, or nationwide regions, in a specified time (month, quarter or year). 

Calculation method:

Measurement of SCOLI is based on the methodology of international constant prices and data sources of consumer price surveys. Based on data on average consumer prices of 63 centrally-affiliated cities and provinces, SCOLI index at the provincial and municipal level is established according to the following steps:

Step 1: Preparing figures for measurement of SCOLI index at the provincial/municipal and regional level.

Step 2: Identifying products which overlap between cities/provinces and regions.

Step 3: Compiling SCOLI indices at the municipal/provincial and regional level.

Compilation of the price indices at the basic heading level:

Measurement of price indices at the lowest level is called compilation at the basic heading level.  In this level, the non-weighted price compilation is applied.  This is a classification of CPI products (4-digit group) and a basic classification of products at international constant prices (ICP). The method of Country-Product-Dummy (CPD) is employed for such compilation at the basic heading level.

The regression equation for CPD can be written as the following formula:

Inpcp = Ycp - xcpβ + εcp

Where:

pcp means the price of the product p in the province/region c;

xcp = [Dc2...DcNcDp1Dp2..,DpNp]

β = [α2... αNc...Y1,Y2...YNp]T

Dpj and Dci mean, respectively, the presumed product and province/region;

Np and Nc mean, respectively, the number of products and province/region.

By arranging matrix symbols according to separate observations, it can be written as the following formula:

Y = X β + ε

Compilation of the price indices at the higher heading level:

Compilation of SCOLI index at the weighted heading level (3, 2, 1-digit and overall heading level). The geometric average formula is applied to compile the price indices ranging from the price index at the 3-digit heading level or higher to the overall price index. Weights by CPI classification groups of 63 centrally-governed provinces/cities, 6 regions and the entire country shall be used.

SCOLI is calculated according to the weighted geometric average formula that takes the general form as follows:

Where:

IA/B means the price index of the target heading;

 means the price in the reference province/region A;

 means the price in the base province/region (B);

means the weight in the fixed base period (0);

n means the quantity of goods taking part in index measurement.

2. Major classifications

- Group of goods and services according to the structure of consumer price index;

- Centrally-governed city/province;

- Economic zone.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources: CPI survey.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

1104. Price index of raw materials, fuels and intermediate substances used in production

1. Definition and calculation methodology

The price index of raw materials, fuels and intermediate substances used in production is defined as a relative indicator (expressed in percent) reflecting the trend and rate of change in the price thereof over a specific time period.

Price survey of raw materials, fuels and intermediate substances used in production is based on the classification list of representative goods used in agricultural, forestry and fishery production, and manufacturing and engineering industries. This list is changed over periods and used in a stable manner in a specified time period (usually 5 years) by separating into 3 classification lists according to 3 production industries to survey and collect periodic prices for measurement of price indices of raw materials, fuels and intermediate substances used in production.

Weights used for calculating price indices of raw materials, fuels and intermediate substances in production means proportion of intermediate costs incurred by each group of these raw materials, fuels and intermediate substances to total intermediate cost of all raw materials, fuels and intermediate substances used as production inputs. Such weights are not subject to any change during a period of 5 years.

Calculation formula:

Price index of raw materials, fuels and intermediate substances used in production is calculated according to the weighted geometric average of Laspeyres that takes the general form as follows:

Where:

means the price index of raw materials, fuels and intermediate substances in the reporting period (t) compared to that in a fixed base period (0);

, means, respectively, the price of raw materials, fuels and intermediate substances used in agricultural production, manufacturing and engineering industry in the reporting period (t) and the fixed base period (0);

 means the weight in the fixed base period (0);

 means the intermediate cost by classification groups of industries in the fixed base period (0);

n means the number of goods.

2. Major classifications

- Product sector;

- Economic zone.

3. Release period: Quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources: Price survey of raw materials, fuels and intermediate substances used in production

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

1105. Price index of agriculture, forestry, fishery, industrial and service production

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Price indices of agriculture, forestry, fishery, industry and service production include 03 price indices of the following production sectors:

- Price index of agriculture, forestry, fishery production;

- Price index of industrial production;

- Price index of service production.

Price indices of agriculture, forestry, fishery, industry and service production are defined as relative indices (expressed in percent) reflecting the trend and rate of change in prices of agricultural, forestry, fishery, industrial and service products directly sold and supplied to the market by producers over time periods.

Price indices of agriculture, forestry, fishery, industry and service production are calculated on the basis of classification lists of representative products of agriculture, forestry, fishery, industry and service production activities in a specified time period (approximately 5 years), used in periodic price collection and for calculating price indices thereof.

The weight used for calculating price indices of agriculture, forestry and fishery production is proportion of production value of each group of agricultural, forestry and fishery products to gross production value of the entire industry, forestry and fishery sector. Such weight is not subject to any change during a period of 5 years.

The weight used for calculating price index of industrial production is proportion of revenue generated from each group of industrial products to total consumption revenue of the entire industry sector. Such weight is not subject to any change during a period of 5 years.

The weight used for calculating price index of service production is proportion of production value of each service group to gross production value of service production sector. Such weight is not subject to any change during a period of 5 years.

Calculation formula:

Price indices of agricultural, forestry, fishery, industrial and service production are calculated according to the weighted geometric average formula of Laspeyres that takes the following general form:

Where:

Means the price index of agriculture, forestry, fishery, industrial and service production in the reporting period (t) compared with that in the fixed base period (0);

,Means, respectively, the price index of agriculture, forestry, fishery, industrial and service products in the reporting period (t) and that in the fixed base period (0);

means the weight in the fixed base period (0);

means the production value of group of agriculture, forestry, fishery, industrial and service industries in the fixed base period (0);

n means the number of goods.

2. Major classifications

- Economic activity;

- Economic zone.

3. Release period: Quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources:

- Price survey of service production;

- Price survey of goods production.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

1106. Construction price index

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Construction price index refers to a relative indicator (expressed in percent) reflecting rate of change (increase or decrease) in prices of construction of structures in the entire construction sector nationwide over time periods.

The list of representative goods and services is established according to the following rules: main building materials used in construction works make up a large proportion of raw material costs, are common and can be relatively stable and long-lasting in construction activities; main construction machinery and equipment are those used in a common manner, make up a large proportion of construction costs; main construction workers are those commonly employed for construction purposes and make up a large proportion of employment costs in construction works.

Weights used in calculation of construction price index are proportion (%) of construction output value of each group of goods to total construction output value.

Construction price index is calculated according to the weighted geometric average of Laspeyres that takes the general form as follows:

Where:

means the construction price index in the reporting period (t) compared to that in a fixed base period (0);

, Means, respectively, the price of construction goods in the reporting period (t) and in the fixed base period (0);

means the weight in the fixed base period (0);

means the construction output value in the fixed base period (0);

n means the number of goods.

The construction price index of specific centrally-affiliated cities/provinces is measured by using the method for calculating the weighted geometric average of the construction price index of each target group of representative goods and its equivalent weight.

The construction price index of a region is measured by using the method for calculating the weighted geometric average of the construction price index of specific centrally-affiliated cities/provinces and its equivalent weight.

The construction price index of the entire country is measured by using the method for calculating the weighted geometric average of the construction price index of specific economic zones and its equivalent weight.

2. Major classifications

- Product sector: According to type of construction works;

- Economic zone.

3. Release period: Quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources: Construction price survey.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal investigator: The Ministry of Industry and Trade;

- Collaborator: The General Statistics Office.

 

1107. Real estate price index

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Real estate price index is defined as a relative indicator (expressed in percent) reflecting the trend and rate of change in prices at which real estate is transacted over time periods.

Measurement of real estate price index is based on the classification list of representative real estate items transacted on the market in a specified time period. The classification list of representative real estate items is used in periodic price collection for measurement of the real estate index.

The weight of real estate index is proportion (expressed in percent) of transaction values of real estate items in corresponding groups to total value of real estate transacted on the market.  Such weight is used without any change made within a period of 5 years.

Calculation formula:

The real estate price index is calculated according to the weighted geometric average of Laspeyres that takes the following general form:

Where:

means the real estate price index in the reporting period (t) compared to that in the fixed base period (0);

, Means, respectively, the real estate price index in the reporting period (t) and in the fixed base period (0);

means the weight in the fixed base period (0);

means the real estate value in the fixed base period (0);

n means the number of items.

2. Major classifications

- Real estate for sale and/or disposal purposes;

- Rental real estate;

- Real estate business service.

3. Release period: Quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources: Real estate price survey.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal investigator: The General Statistics Office;

- Collaborator: The Ministry of Construction.

 

1108. Wage price index

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Wage price index is defined as a relative indicator (expressed in percent) that measures changes over time in rates (prices) of wages that employers pay employees.   In particular, wage price index measures changes in levels of wages and salaries paid employees for specific types of employment on a periodic basis (usually monthly or quarterly), and only reflects the pure changes in wage rates, except for changes made due to seniority-based pay rate, scale or level increases.

The representative list for measurement of wage price index refers to the list of representative samples of employment activities which are compiled in terms of wage rate (price) for measurement of the wage price index, including common representative sectors, activities, scales or levels. Each representative employment is selected by enterprises from the payroll according to the instruction of the General Statistics Office.

The weight for calculation of the wage price index is proportion (expressed in percent) of total amount of wages and salaries for each type of employment to total compensation package paid to employees.

Calculation formula:

Wage price index is calculated according to the Laspeyres formula that takes the following form:

Where:

means the wage price index in the reporting period (t) compared to that in the fixed base period (0);

means the wage or salary paid in the reporting period (t);

means the wage or salary in the fixed base period (0);

means persons paid the rate of wage in the fixed based period (0);

means the weight in the fixed base period (0);

n means the number of types of employment.

Annual calculation of the wage price index is carried out for the entire nation.

2. Release period: Annual.

3. Data sources: Wage price survey.

4. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

1109. Export and import price index

1. Definition, contents and calculation methodology

Export and import price index (XMPI) is composed of the export price index and the import price index.

The export price index is defined as a relative indicator (expressed in percent) reflecting the trend and rate of change in prices of export goods over time periods.

The import price index is defined as a relative indicator (expressed in percent) reflecting the trend and rate of change in prices of import goods over time periods.

The classification list of exports and imports used in calculation of the XMPI includes representative export and import goods in a specified time period, is used for periodic price collection and XMPI measurement.

The weight for the XMPI (expressed in percent) is proportion of values of exports and imports of goods and services classifications to gross turnover of exports and imports respectively. Such weight is used without any change made within a period of 5 years. If exports and imports are, however, subject to any significant change, such weight may have shortened useful life and be updated during the given census plan period.

Calculation formula:

The XMPI is calculated according to the weighted geometric average of Laspeyres that takes the following general form:

Where:

means the XMPI in the reporting period (t) compared to that in the fixed base period (0);

, Means, respectively, the price of export and import goods in the reporting period (t) and in the fixed base period (0);

means the weight in the fixed base period (0);

means the XMPI in the fixed base period (0);

n means the number of goods.

2. Major classifications

- List of Vietnam’s goods exports and imports;

- List of main classifications of goods exports and imports.

3. Release period: Quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources: Export and import price survey.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal investigator: The General Statistics Office;

- Collaborator: The Ministry of Finance.

 

1110. Term of trade

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Under current circumstances in Vietnam, the commodity term of trade is the only one that can be measured.

This is a relative indicator (expressed in percent) reflecting the ratio of the commodity export price to the commodity import price of a country in a specified time period.

The commodity term of trade is calculated on the basis of export and import price index figures denominated in US dollars that have the same reference.

Calculation formula:

Term of trade

=

Commodity export price index

x 100

Commodity import price index

2. Major classifications: Main classifications of export and import goods.

3. Release period: Quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources: Export and import price survey.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal investigator: The General Statistics Office;

- Collaborator: The Ministry of Finance.

 

12. Transportation

1201. Revenue from transportation, storage and warehouse and auxiliary transport services

1. Definition and calculation methodology

This indicator refers to sum of money obtained from provision of transportation, storage and warehouse and other auxiliary transport services in a specified time period, including:

- Revenue from passenger transportation activities refers to total monetary amount earned by providing passengers with domestic and overseas transport services on means of land, rail, water and air transport; <>

- Revenue from freight transport services refers to total monetary amount earned by carrying domestic and overseas freight on on means of land, rail, water and air transport;

- Revenue from other supporting and auxiliary transport services refers to total monetary amount earned by performing auxiliary and supporting transport service activities, comprising:

+ Revenue from cargo handling services refers to total monetary amount earned from loading, unloading and stowage of cargoes and baggage of passengers on means of transportation;

+ Revenue from storage and warehouse services refers to total sum earned by performing operations such as leasing of warehouses and yards for storage and preservation of cargos;

+ Revenue from other transport-related supporting and auxiliary services.

Calculation formula:

Revenue from transportation, storage and warehouse and auxiliary transport services

=

Revenue from passenger transport services

+

Revenue from freight transport services

+

Revenue from  transport-related supporting and auxiliary services

Where:

- Revenue from passenger transport services is equal to an amount of money equivalent to the number of tickets sold or passengers' payments for their trips along predetermined routes;

- Revenue from freight transport services is calculated by multiplying the actual number of carried cargos (including their packaging, where applicable) by the actual average freight rate (according to regulatory policies of the Government or arrangements between consignors and shippers); 

- Revenue from transport-related supporting and auxiliary services:

+ Revenue from cargo handling operations is calculated by multiplying the actual tonnes of cargos which are loaded and/or unloaded into and from transport equipment by the actual average freight rate (according to regulatory policies of the Government or arrangements between consignors and handlers). 

+ Revenue from warehouse and storage facility business operations is equal to total monetary amount which has been or will be obtained from rental of warehouses or yards for storage and preservation of cargos.

+ Revenue from other transport-related supporting and auxiliary services.

2. Major classifications

- Transportation mode sector: Freight and passenger transport (road, rail, water and air transport), handling, warehousing and storage industry;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Monthly, quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources

- Enterprise survey;

- Individual production and business establishment survey;

- Survey of transport, warehousing and storage operations.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

1202. Volume of passenger transport and traffic

1. Definition and calculation methodology

a) Volume of passenger transport

This represents the actual number of passengers transported in a given period, regardless of the length of their trips. The designated unit of measurement is passenger (p).

b) Volume of passenger traffic

This represents the traffic passenger quantity, which is calculated by both components such as volume of passenger transport and actual length (distance) of their trips. It is measured in passenger – kilometer (pkm).

Calculation formula:

Volume of passenger traffic (pkm)

=

Volume of passenger transport (p)

x

Actual length of trip (km)

Where:

Actual length of trip means the distance which a passenger is charged to travel according to distance rates stipulated by competent regulatory authorities.  

Volume of passenger transport on a vehicle which is leased under a per-trip transportation agreement is only counted as 1 transport based on the number of passenger seats per that vehicle.

2. Major classifications

- Transport sector (rail, road, water and air transport);

- Domestic/overseas;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Monthly, quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources

- Enterprise survey;

- Individual production and business establishment survey;

- Survey of transport, warehousing and storage operations.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

1203. Volume of freight transport and traffic

1. Definition and calculation methodology

a) Volume of freight transport

This represents the tonne of freight transported in a given period, regardless of the transportation distance. It is measured in tonne (T) or cubic meter (m3) for the freight pipeline transport which is, however, converted into tonne for totalization thereof.

Volume of freight transport is calculated as the actual tonne of freight transported (including packaging where applicable). Volume of freight transport is measured only after the transportation process is finished, or freight has already been transported to the place of receipt under terms and conditions of a transportation agreement, and after all formalities relating to actual loading of freight on transport equipment for calculation of volume of freight transport are completed. With respect to bulky freight transported by motor vehicles, where it is impossible to directly determine their tonne, such tonne is calculated equivalently to 50% of payload tonnes, or is calculated according to agreements between vehicle owners and consignors for calculation of actual tonne of freight.

b) Volume of freight traffic

This is calculated by both following components: Volume of freight transport and actual transport distance. It is measured in Tonne-kilometer (tkm).

Calculation formula:

Volume of freight traffic (tkm)

=

Volume of freight transport (T)

x

Actual transport distance (km)

2. Major classifications

- Transport sector (rail, road, water and air transport);

- Domestic/overseas;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Monthly, quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources

- Enterprise survey;

- Individual production and business establishment survey;

- Survey of transport, warehousing and storage operations.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

1204. Volume of cargo throughput

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Volume of cargo throughput refers to the actual quantity of freight entering or exiting ports in a given time period, including:

Volume of freight exiting ports refers to actual tonnes of freight loaded onboard sea, inland waterways and air transport units at ports to depart for other ports.

Volume of freight entering ports refers to actual tonnes of freight carried by sea, inland waterways and air transport units from other ports to arrive in ports of destination for unloading of such freight from these transport units. <>

Volume of cargo throughput is measured for such types of freight as exports, imports, goods domestically sold or purchased as exports or imports by export processing enterprises, or international goods in transit, except for goods loaded or unloaded outside of port territories, amount of liquid transported through ports as supplies to ships such as freshwater, fuels, and amount of goods lost during the port handling process.

2. Major classifications

- Seaport;

- Inland waterways port;

- Airport.

3. Release period: Quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The Ministry of Transportation.

 

1205. Number, current and newly-increased handling capacity of inland waterway ports

1. Definition and calculation methodology

a) Number of inland waterway ports

This indicator refers to the number of inland waterway ports which currently exist in a given reporting period. Inland waterway port is a system of facilities which is built in order for inland waterway equipment, sea-going vessels and overseas watercraft to anchor, load, unload goods, embark and disembark passengers and perform other auxiliary services. It encompasses the land and water area. An inland waterway port includes general purpose, cargo, passenger and/or special purpose terminals.

b) Current handling capacity of inland waterway port

The current handling capacity of an inland waterway port means the current throughput capacity in a predetermined report year.  

The current handling capacity is calculated according to two indicators such as design and actual handling capacity.

c) Newly-increased handling capacity of inland waterway port

This is the throughput capacity which is newly increased (in terms of construction design) due to expansion, improvement of current ports or construction of new ones which are brought into operation in a given report year.

2. Major classifications: Inland waterway port.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The Ministry of Transportation.

 

1206. Number, current and newly-increased transport capacity of airports

1. Definition and calculation methodology

a) Number of currently available airports is the number of airports that currently exists as of a given reporting period. Airport is an identified area encompassing airfield, terminal and other necessary equipment and facilities used for taking off and landing of arriving or departing aircraft and performing air transport activities.

b) Current transport capacity of an airport means capacity for accommodating aircraft, embarking and disembarking passengers, loading, unloading, receiving, storing air cargos and performing other services in airports which currently exist in a given period, and is calculated according to design and actual capacity.

c) Newly-increased transport capacity of an airport represents newly increased transport capacity (based on its design capacity) of an airport system which has been completely constructed, transferred and put into operation in a given period, including capacity newly increased due to improvement and expansion of currently available airports.

2. Major classifications

- Domestic;

- International.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The Ministry of Transportation.

 

13. Information technology and communications

1301. Revenue from postal and courier services

1. Definition and calculation methodology

- Revenue from postal and courier activities refers to total monetary amount which has been and will be obtained by providing domestic and international postal and mail delivery services for customers by institutional entities in a specified time period.

- Revenue from postal and courier services comprises revenue generated from provision of both postal and courier services.

+ Postal services include such activities as reception, sorting, shipping and distribution of (both inbound and outbound) letters, mails, postal items or parcels by all means from senders to recipients at their addresses (exclusive of postal money transfer and savings services).

+ Courier services include such activities as reception, sorting, carriage and distribution of (both inbound and outbound) letters, mails, postal items or parcels performed by enterprises which are not parties to general service commitments. This type of service is also composed of home delivery services.

2. Major classifications

- Economic sector;

- Economic activity.

3. Release period: Biannual, annual.

4. Data sources

- Survey of information and communications service activities;

- National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal investigator: The Ministry of Information and Communications;

- Collaborator: The General Statistics Office.

 

1302. Postal and courier service output

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Postal and courier service output includes outputs in mail, postal item and parcel services performed by postal service providers in a specified time period. This is composed of the followings:

- Output of mail service refers to a quantity of addressed and unaddressed mail (including communications and advertising mail) which is handled, transported and distributed, both domestically and internationally. Output of mail service does not include the quantity of mail for which no service charge is paid.

- Output of postal items and parcels of goods refers to the quantity of postal items and parcels of goods which is handled, shipped and delivered, both domestically and internationally. Output of postal items and parcels of goods refers to the quantity of postal items and parcels of goods which is handled, shipped and delivered, both domestically and internationally.

- Letter post items refer to the quantity of ordinary postal items of different kinds, postal items delivered within a day and postal items posted, both domestically and internationally, by express delivery services for which charges are paid, except for items sent free of charge, including service items (sent and received between postal and telecommunications operators).   

- Parcel post items refer to the quantity of ordinary parcels, parcels posted, both domestically and internationally, by express delivery services for which charges are paid, except for items sent free of charge, including service items sent and received between postal and telecommunications operators.  

- The number of mail and/or telegraphic transfers refers to the quantity of mail and telegraphic money orders which are sent both domestically and internationally through the post.

- Total quantity of newspapers released through the post is total amount of central, sectoral and local newspapers or magazines and/or imported ones which are released, both domestically and internationally, through the post. 

2. Major classifications: Main product type.

3. Release period: Biannual, annual.

4. Data sources

- Survey of information and communications service activities;

- National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal investigator: The Ministry of Information and Communications;

- Collaborator: The General Statistics Office.

 

1303. Revenue from telecommunications services

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Revenue from telecommunications services refers to total monetary amount earned by performing such service activities as signal transmission of signs, signals, numerical and alphabetical characters, sounds, images, or information in other forms, between terminals in a telecommunication network. In other words, it includes revenue generated from domestic and international provision of telecommunications services, such as fixed-line telephone, mobile phone, message, telegraph, telex, electronic mail, internet, data transmission, and television broadcasting services, etc.

Revenue from telecommunications services is determined as total revenue generated from rates applied to postpaid service users, and revenue derived from sale of pre-paid SIM cards; revenue earned from the difference in payment of telecommunications service charges between telecommunications enterprises and revenue derived from the difference in the international payment between telecommunications enterprises and foreign partners.  Telecommunications services are constituted by basic and value-added service components.

2. Major classifications

- Economic sector;

- Economic activity.

3. Release period: Quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources

- Survey of information and communications service activities;

- National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal investigator: The Ministry of Information and Communications;

- Collaborator: The General Statistics Office.

 

1304. Number of telephone subscriptions

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Number of telephone subscriptions refers to the number of active fixed-line telephone subscriptions and the number of mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions in which two-way voice, message and data communication services are in use, and those in which one-way communication services are locked, as of the data compilation time.

Calculation method:

With respect to fixed-line telephone subscriptions, statistical data on the enterprise's system available at the time of data compilation shall be used for calculation of this indicator.

With respect to mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions, total number of mobile-cellular telephone subscriptions in which two-way voice, message and data communication services are in use, and those in which one-way communication services are locked, available as of the data compilation time shall be used for calculation of this indicator.

2. Major classifications

- For a period of a month, quarter and year, it is classified by the subscription type (fixed or mobile);

- For a period of a year, it is further classified by centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Monthly, quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources

- Survey of universal access to information and communications services;

- National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal investigator: The Ministry of Information and Communications;

- Collaborator: The General Statistics Office.

 

1305. Mobile phone penetration rate

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Mobile phone penetration rate is calculated as the ratio of mobile phone users to general population.

Depending on governance requirements set out over time periods and in order to conform to international comparison objectives, the number of mobile phone users is regulated on the basis of their age and specified frequency of mobile phone usage. Therefore, scope of data compilation shall be expressly defined in specific survey plans.

2. Major classifications

- Urban/ rural;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- Survey of universal access to information and communications services;

- National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal investigator: The Ministry of Information and Communications;

- Collaborator: The General Statistics Office.

 

1306. Internet penetration rate

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Internet penetration rate is calculated as the ratio of the number of Internet users to general population, measured at the observation time.

Depending on governance requirements set out over time periods and in order to conform to international comparison objectives, the number of Internet users is regulated on the basis of their age and specified usage frequency. Therefore, scope of data compilation shall be expressly defined in specific survey plans.

2. Major classifications

- Urban/ rural;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources: Survey of universal access to information and communications services.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal investigator: The Ministry of Information and Communications;

- Collaborator: The General Statistics Office.

 

1307. Number of internet subscriptions

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Number of internet subscriptions includes the number of fixed and wireless internet subscriptions.

Internet access service is defined as a type of service enabling internet users to access Internet.

2. Major classifications

- Connection mode (fixed or wireless connection);

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources

- Survey of universal access to information and communications services;

- National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal investigator: The Ministry of Information and Communications;

- Collaborator: The General Statistics Office.

 

1308. Household internet penetration rate

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Household internet penetration rate is calculated as the ratio of the number of households having Internet access to the total number of households at the observation time.

Household with Internet access refers to households provided with Internet access services. The scope of data compilation and detailed regulations on internet household users shall be expressly defined in specific survey plans.

2. Major classifications

- Urban/ rural;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources: Survey of universal access to information and communications services.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal investigator: The Ministry of Information and Communications;

- Collaborator: The General Statistics Office.

 

1309. Number of institutional units engaging in e-commerce transactions

1. Definition and calculation methodology

The number of institutional units engaging in e-commerce transactions is defined as the number of companies and/or organizations performing such activities as trading of goods, services, trade promotion, advertising, sales promotion and other activities through wbsites for online sales (except for those that own websites only used for providing their background information, and those selling or purchasing goods and services via telephone or fax).      This specifically includes:

- An institutional unit selling goods must offer goods or services for online sale and have at least one online sale of goods or services in a given observation period;

- An institutional unit purchasing goods must place online purchase orders of goods or services and have at least one online purchase of goods or services in a given observation period.

E-commerce transactions are usually performed through the following modes: B2B e-commerce transaction defined as e-commerce transactions between organizations (enterprises, and between corporations and state regulatory bodies, etc.); B2C e-commerce transaction defined as e-commerce transactions between organizations and consumers; C2C e-commerce transaction defined as e-commerce transactions between consumers.

2. Major classifications

- Economic sector;

- Economic activity.

3. Release period: Biennial.

4. Data sources

- E-commerce statistical survey;

- National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The Ministry of Industry and Trade.

 

1310. Average international Internet bandwidth capacity per 100 inhabitants

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Average international Internet bandwidth capacity per 100 inhabitants refers to the amount of capacity for connecting to international Internet at the observation time which is calculated as the average capacity amount per one hundred of inhabitants (unit of measurement: kilobit/second). In other words, it measures how much capacity for international internet is used by one hundred of inhabitants.

International Internet bandwidth capacity is total capacity of international Internet connection routes of telecommunications enterprises providing Internet access services in Vietnam.

2. Major classifications: Type of Internet service provider.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- Survey of information and communications service activities;

- National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal investigator: The Ministry of Information and Communications;

- Collaborator: The General Statistics Office.

 

1311. Revenue from the information technology industry

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Revenue from the information technology industry refers to total monetary amount which has been and will be obtained by performing such service activities such as programming, encoding, repairing, testing and assisting software to meet specific customer’s demands, including embedded software; setting up and designing computer systems compatible with hardware, software and communication technologies; managing and operating computer systems of clients and data processing tools; expert activities; other computer-related activities; providing information infrastructure for rent, processing data, furnishing searching tools and other gateways for Internet (including activities classified into division 62 and 631 of VSIC 2007).

2. Major classifications: Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- Enterprise survey;

- National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal investigator: The General Statistics Office;

- Collaborator: The Ministry of Information and Communications.

 

14. Science and technology

1401. Number of science and technology organizations

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Science and technology organization refers to an organization which has its main functions including scientific research, technology application and development research, and science and technology service activities, and is established and licensed in accordance with laws and regulations.

Form of a science and technology organization is stipulated as follows:

- Scientific research organizations, or scientific research and technology development organizations, take the form of a(n) academy, institute, center, laboratory, research station, monitoring station, testing station and other form defined by the Minister of Science and Technology (collectively called scientific research and technology development organization);

- Higher education institutions are organized in accordance with regulations enshrined in the Law on Higher Education. Higher education institutions are comprised of universities, academies and colleges;

- Science and technology service organizations take the form of a(n) center, office, laboratory and other form defined by the Minister of Science and Technology.

Calculation method: All science and technology organizations existing at the reporting time are totaled.

2. Major classifications

- Type of organization: Scientific research and technology development organization; higher education institution; science and technology service organization.

- Science and technology field: Natural, engineering and technological, agricultural, pharmaceutical, social and humanity science.

- Economic sector;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- Survey of scientific and technological potential of science and technology organizations;

- National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The Ministry of Science and Technology.

 

1402. The number of personnel in science and technology organizations

1. Definition and calculation methodology

The number of personnel in science and technology organizations refers to employees managed, hired, utilized and paid salaries for their services, including permanent and contract employees. 

Calculation method: Total number of people existing at the reporting time is totaled.

2. Major classifications

- Sex;

- Ethnicity;

- Organization type;

- Science and technology field;

- Training field;

- Qualification;

- Title.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- Survey of scientific and technological potential of science and technology organizations;

- National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal investigator: The Ministry of Science and Technology;

- Collaborator: The General Statistics Office.

 

1403. Number of personnel participating in scientific research and technological development activities

1. Definition and calculation methodology

The number of personnel participating in scientific research and technological development activities refers to people managed, hired, utilized and paid salaries, and directly participating in or assisting in scientific research and technological development activities.

The number of personnel participating in scientific research and technological development activities is classified into 4 following groups: Research officers, technical officers, assistant staff and other personnel positions.

a) Research officers are those who have completed colleges’ training degrees as a minimum requirement, directly participate in scientific research and technological development activities with the objectives of creating knowledge, products and new processes, and invent new methodologies and systems; spend at least 10% of their work hours for such activities. This group of these officers includes managers who directly administer scientific research and technological development activities.

b) Technical officers are technicians and staff members working in laboratories who have completed vocational/professional schools’ secondary training degrees as a minimum requirement or equivalents, participate in scientific research and technological development tasks by performing scientific and technical activities that require conformance to implementary definitions and procedures supervised by research officers.

a) Assistant staff members are administrative and clerical employees participating in scientific research and technological development tasks. This group of personnel includes those undertaking managerial and administrative tasks and others related to personnel, finance and administrative tasks provided that these tasks support scientific research and technological development activities.

d) Other personnel are people performing scientific research and technological development activities who are other than those mentioned above.

Employees undertaking indirect support tasks such as miscellaneous, cleaning, driving and security guard, etc. shall not be considered as those participating in scientific research and technological development activities.

2. Major classifications

- Work position;

- Science and technology field;

- Qualification;

- Work location;

- Sex.

3. Release period: Biennial.

4. Data sources

- Scientific research and technological development survey;

- National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal investigator: The Ministry of Science and Technology.

- Collaborator: The General Statistics Office.

 

1404. Number of patented inventions

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Patented invention refers to inventions on which patents are granted by state regulatory bodies in order to establish domestic and overseas industrial property rights.

Invention means technical solutions that take the form of a product or process to solve a specified problem by applying natural laws.

The number of patented inventions is calculated as the number of inventions protected by intellectual property rights granted, including:

a) The number of patents granted to Vietnamese people by the National Office of Intellectual Property

b) The number of patents granted to aliens by the National Office of Intellectual Property.

2. Major classifications

- Technical field;

- Work location: Scientific research and technological development organization; university, institute, college; administrative and other public service entities; non-state and business entities;

- Patent owner’s nationality.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- Scientific research and technological development survey;

- National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The Ministry of Science and Technology.

 

1405. Technological and equipment innovation index

1. Definition and calculation methodology

This is a relative indicator representing the percent ratio of technological and equipment innovations occurring in the year preceding the observation year to those occurring in the observation year.

Details of technological and equipment innovations include total number of enterprises participating in technological and equipment innovations; total expenditure on technological and equipment innovations in enterprises; total expenditure on purchase of machinery, equipment in enterprises; the amount of contracts and funds for technology transfers which have been completed.

2. Major classifications

- Economic sector;

- Economic activity;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- Enterprise survey;

- National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The Ministry of Science and Technology.

 

1406. Ratio of expenditure on technological innovations to total fixed capital in enterprises

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Ratio of expenditure on technological innovations to total fixed capital in enterprises is equal to the percent ratio of technological innovation expenditure to total fixed capital in enterprises.

Expenditure on technological innovations in enterprises is an enterprise’s investments in innovation of products and manufacturing processes, including purchase of inventions or creations, equipment, production of new management tools and lines, and trademarks, etc. 

2. Major classifications

- Economic sector;

- Economic activity;

- Funding source.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources: Enterprise survey.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

1407. Expenditure on scientific research and technological development activities

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Expenditure on scientific research and technological development refers to expenditure accounts on developmental investments, scientific research and technological development and other tasks.

The funding source is categorized into 3 following groups:

- With respect to the fund derived from the State Budget (including the one that has the characteristic of fund derived from the state budget), it is divided into central government and local government budget. Central government budget is composed of expenditure given from the Ministry of Science and Technology, and Ministries or industry sectors. Local government budget is the appropriation given from the budget of centrally-affiliated cities/provinces;

- The fund from the non-state budget includes expenditure given by enterprises and higher education institutions;

- Overseas funds.

2. Major classifications

- Funding source;

- Research form;

- Work location: Scientific research and technological development organization; university, institute, college; administrative and other public service entities; non-state and business entities;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Biennial.

4. Data sources

- Scientific research and technological development survey;

- National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal investigator: The Ministry of Science and Technology;

- Collaborator: The General Statistics Office and the Ministry of Finance.

 

15. Education

1501. Average number of general education students per a teacher

1. Definition and calculation methodology

The average number of general education students per a teacher is defined as the ratio between the total number of students and the total number of teachers at specific academic levels.

Calculation formula:

Average number of general education students per a teacher at the academic level t in the academic year k

=

The current number of general education students at the academic level t in the academic year k

The current number of general education teachers at the academic level t in the academic year k

2. Major classifications

- Form;

- Academic level;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- Survey of non-public educational institutions;

- National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The Ministry of Education and Training.

 

1502. Average number of general education students per a class

1. Definition and calculation methodology

The average number of general education students per a class is defined as the ratio of the total number of students to the total number of classes at specific academic levels.

Calculation formula:

The average number of general education students per a class at the academic level t in the academic year k

=

The current number of general education students at the academic level t in the academic year k

The number of classes at the academic level k in the academic year k

2. Major classifications

- Academic level;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- Survey of non-public educational institutions;

- National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The Ministry of Education and Training.

 

1503. Percentage of students attending general education schools

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Percentage of students attending general education schools includes the collective percentage of students attending general education schools and the age-appropriate percentage of students attending general education schools.

The collective percentage of students attending general education schools refers to the percent ratio of the number of students currently attending primary schools to primary-school age population aged 6-10 years.

The collective percentage of students attending lower secondary schools refers to the percent ratio of the number of students currently attending lower secondary schools to lower secondary-school age population aged 11-14 years.

The collective percentage of students attending upper secondary schools refers to the percent ratio of the number of students currently attending upper secondary schools to upper secondary-school age population aged 15-17 years.

Calculation formula:

Collective percentage of students attending schools at the academic level i in the academic year t (%)

=

The number of students attending schools at the academic level i in the academic year t

x 100

Population reaching age for the academic level i in the academic year t

The age-appropriate percentage of students attending primary schools refers to the percent ratio of students of 6-10 years of age currently attending primary schools to primary-school age population aged 6-10 years.

The age-appropriate percentage of students attending lower secondary schools refers to the percent ratio of students of 11-14 years of age currently attending lower secondary schools to lower secondary-school age population aged 11-14 years.

The age-appropriate percentage of students attending upper secondary schools refers to the percent ratio of students of 15-17 years of age currently attending upper secondary schools to upper secondary-school age population aged 15-17 years.

Calculation formula:

Age-appropriate percentage of students attending schools at the academic level i in the academic year t (%)

=

The number of students within age for the academic level i currently taking the academic level i in the academic year t

x 100

Population reaching age for the academic level i in the academic year t

Age of student is conventionally calculated as the year in which an academic year starts minus the year of birth specified in the birth certificate of such student.

2. Major classifications

- Collective/age-appropriate;

- Academic level;

- Sex;

- Ethnicity;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- Survey of non-public educational institutions;

- National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal investigator: The Ministry of Education and Training;

- Collaborator: The General Statistics Office.

 

16. Medical and health care services

1601. Number of physicians and hospital beds per 10,000 population

1. Definition and calculation methodology

a) The number of physicians per 10,000 physicians is determined at the reporting time according to the following formula:

The average number of physicians per 10,000 population

=

The number of physicians currently working in the medical field as of the reporting time

x 10,000

Population estimated at the said time

Physicians mentioned herein include bachelors, masters, doctors, professors and associate professors of medicine, and holders of medical degrees currently working in the medical field.

b) The number of hospital beds per 10,000 physicians is determined at the reporting time according to the following formula:

The average number of hospital beds per 10,000 population

=

The number of beds available in medical institutions as of the reporting time

x 10,000

Population estimated at the said time

The number of beds available at medical facilities of communes/wards/commune-level towns, or organizational units.

2. Major classifications: Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- Survey of non-public medical institutions and personnel;

- National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The Ministry of Health.

 

1602. Ratio of maternal deaths to 100,000 live births

1. Definition and calculation methodology

This is the ratio of the average number of women that died of pregnancy and childbirth related causes (exclusive of incidental causes such as accidents or suicides, etc.) while pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy per 100,000 live births during a given study period (usually a calendar year).  

Calculation formula:

Where:

MRb: Ratio of maternal deaths to 100,000 live births;

:The number of women that die of pregnancy and childbirth causes during a given time period (calendar year);

B: The number of live births during a given time period (calendar year).

2. Major classifications: Ethnic group (Kinh and other ethnic group).

3. Release period: Quinquennial.

4. Data sources

- Population and housing census;

- Mid-period population and housing survey;

- Population change and family planning survey.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

1603. Mortality rate of infants under one year old

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Mortality rate of infants under one year old is a measure of the death rate of infants in their first year of life. This rate is defined as the average number of deaths of infants under one year old per 1,000 live births in a given year.

Calculation formula:

IMR =  x 1000

Where:

IMR: Mortality rate of infants under one year old;

D0: The number of deaths of infants under one year old in a given year;

B: Total live births in a given year.

2. Major classifications

- Sex;

- Region;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- Population and housing census;

- Mid-year population and housing survey;

- Population change and family planning survey.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

1604. Under-five infant mortality rate

1. Definition and calculation methodology

This is defined as the average number of deaths of infants under five years old per 1,000 live births in a given year.

Calculation formula:

Where:

U5MR: Under-five infant mortality rate;

5D0: The number of deaths of infants under five years old in a given year;

B: Total live births in a given year.

2. Major classifications

- Sex;

- Urban/ rural;

- Region;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- Population and housing census;

- Mid-year population and housing survey;

- Population change and family planning survey.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

1605. Percentage of fully-vaccinated infants under one year old

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Percentage of infants under one year old fully given vaccines administered by injection (or orally) under the Ministry of Health's regulations is determined according to the formula:

Percentage of infants under one year old fully given vaccines administered by injection (orally) (%)

=

The number of infants under one year old fully given vaccines administered by injection (orally) under the Ministry of Health’s regulations in a specified year

x 100

The total number of infants under one year old in the same region in the said year

2. Major classifications: Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources:

- Demographic and health survey;

- National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The Ministry of Health.

 

1606. Percentage of infants under five years old with malnutrition

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Percentage of infants under five years old with malnutrition refers to the number of under-five infants with malnutrition in at least one of 3 following forms: weight for age, height for age or weight for height per 100 infants who are measured in a specified region during the survey period.

Infants with weight-for-age malnutrition refer to infants under five years old with their weight for age which is below minus 2 standard deviations (-2SD) from the WHO’s median weight for age of reference population.

Infants with height-for-age malnutrition refer to infants under five years old with their height for age which is below minus 2 standard deviations (-2SD) from the WHO’s median height for age of reference population.

Infants with weight-for-height malnutrition refer to infants under five years old with their weight for height which is below minus 2 standard deviations (-2SD) from the WHO’s median weight for height of reference population.

WHO’s reference population is defined as a group of infants whose health, weight and height develop normally, and whose weight and height are used as the WHO reference standard for assessing the nutritional status of infants of same age.  The WHO 2006 reference population is used as a new standard in place of the previous one adopted by the US and WHO.

The nutritional status is classified into the following groups:

- Normal nutrition: ≥ - 2SD

- Malnutrition:

1st degree (moderate) < -="" 2sd="" and="" ≥="" -="">

2nd degree (severe) < -="" 3sd="" and="" ≥="" -="">

3rd degree (very severe): < -="">

In which SD represents the standard deviation.

Malnutrition is a broad term which refers to both overnutrition and undernutrition.

Percentage of infants under five years old with weight-for-age malnutrition (%)

=

Number of infants under five years old with weight-for-age malnutrition

x 100

Number of infants under five years old whose weight is measured

 

Percentage of infants under five years old with height-for-age malnutrition (%)

=

Number of infants under five years old with height-for-age malnutrition

x 100

Number of infants under five years old whose height is measured

 

Percentage of infants under five years old with weight-for-height malnutrition (%)

=

Number of infants under five years old with weight-for-height malnutrition

x 100

Number of infants under five years old whose weight and height are measured

2. Major classifications

- Malnutrition level;

- Sex;

- Ethnicity (Kinh or other ethnic group);

- Month-age group;

- Urban/ rural;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- Nutrition survey;

- National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The Ministry of Health.

 

1607. Number of current HIV infection cases detected per 100,000 population

1. Definition and calculation methodology

The number of current HIV infection cases detected per 100,000 population refers to the number of people with HIV infection detected by medical institutions in a specified region and at the given time per 100,000 population living in such region. 

Number of current HIV infection cases detected per 100,000 population

=

Total number of people currently diagnosed with HIV in the region a at the time t

x 100,000

Total population living in the region a at the time t

2. Major classifications

- Sex;

- Age group;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The Ministry of Health.

 

1608. Number of deaths due to HIV/AIDS annually reported per 100,000 population

1. Definition and calculation methodology

The number of cases of deaths due to HIV/AIDS per 100,000 population in the reporting year is determined according to the formula:

Number of cases of deaths due to HIV/AIDS in the region a in the year t per 100,000 population (person)

=

Number of new deaths due to HIV/AIDS in the region a in the year t

x 100,000

Average population estimated in the region a in the year t

2. Major classifications

- Sex;

- Age group;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The Ministry of Health.

 

17. Culture, sports and tourism

1701. Number of national-level cultural heritage assets

1. Definition and calculation methodology

National-level cultural heritage assets refer to spiritual and material products of Vietnam which have typical historical, cultural and scientific values and are passed from one generation to another, including intangible and tangible cultural heritage assets.

Intangible cultural heritage means spiritual products associated with communities or individuals, related objects and cultural spaces, having historical, cultural, scientific values, representing the cultural identities of communities, being constantly recreated and transmitted from generation to generation in oral, craftsmanship, performance and other forms.

Tangible cultural heritage means material products having historical, cultural and scientific values, comprising historical - cultural places, monuments, scenic landscapes, beauty spots, vestiges, relics, antiques and national treasures. This indicator is only intended for statistics of intangible cultural heritage such as historical – cultural monuments and scenic landscapes.

2. Major classifications

- Rank;

- Type.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism.

 

1702. Number of medals won in international competitions

1. Definition and calculation methodology

The number of medals won in international competitions refers to the quantity of gold, silver and bronze medals that Vietnamese athletes have been awarded in official international sports competitions, except for athletes’ achievements in events to which they are invited.   Official international sports competitions include world competitions (Olympic games, championship and youth championship events); Asian competitions (ASIAD, championship and youth championship events); Southeastern competitions (SEA Games, championship and youth championship events).

2. Major classifications

- Medal type;

- Type of sports;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism.

 

1703. Tourism and travel revenue

1. Definition and calculation methodology

This indicator refers to total net revenue generated from tourism and travel service activities, including net revenue earned from sale, arrangement for operation of tour programs; travel agent’s activities (commissions received by selling a travel company’s tour programs to tourists but not operating these programs); other services providing support to tourists, etc.  

2. Major classifications: Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Monthly, quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources

- Enterprise survey;

- Individual production and business establishment survey.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

1704. Number of foreigners coming to Vietnam

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Foreigner coming to Vietnam refers to those who keep papers defining their foreign nationality and those who are stateless persons when entering into Vietnam.

2. Major classifications

- Nationality;

- Means of arrival.

3. Release period: Monthly, quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal collaborator: The Ministry of Public Security, the Ministry of National Defense;

- Collaborator: The General Statistics Office.

 

1705. Number of Vietnamese people travelling abroad

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Vietnamese people travelling abroad refer to Vietnamese nationals with legal permanent residence in Vietnam going abroad. 

2. Major classifications: Means of transport.

3. Release period: Monthly, quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal collaborator: The Ministry of Public Security, the Ministry of National Defense;

- Collaborator: The General Statistics Office.

 

1706. Number of domestic visitors

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Domestic visitors refer to Vietnamese citizens or foreigners having legal permanent residence in Vietnam taking tours within the territory of Vietnam. In statistics, this indicator is defined as people leaving their permanent living environment for another and staying there less than 12 successive months for the main purposes such as sightseeing, rest and refreshment, press conference or convention, study, visits to relatives, medical treatment or others, except working for a living at the place where they are destined. 

Overnight visitors refer to tourists who stay for at least one night at tourist accommodation establishments located at tourist places.

Day visitors refer to tourists who do not stay overnight at any tourist accommodation establishment located at tourist places.

The number of visitors served by tourist accommodation establishments refers to the number of visitors renting rooms or beds, and resting at these establishments, including day and overnight tourists.

The number of visitors served by travel establishments refers to the total number of visitors taking tours operated by tourism businesses.

Data for this indicator is aggregated with the help of tourist accommodation establishments and travel companies.

Calculation formula:

Total number of domestic visitors

=

Total number of domestic overnight visitors

+

Total number of domestic day visitors

Where:

Total number of domestic overnight visitors

=

Total number of nights

Average number of nights per one domestic overnight visitor

 

Total number of domestic day visitors

=

Total number of domestic overnight visitors

Ratio between the number of domestic overnight visitors and domestic day visitors within a given tourist place

2. Major classifications

- Overnight visitor;

- Day visitor;

- Number of visitors served by tourist accommodation establishments;

- Number of visitors served by travel establishments;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Quarterly, annual.

4. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism.

 

1707. expenditure of international visitors to Vietnam

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Expenditure of international visitors to Vietnam refers to total monetary amount spent by international visitors during their stay in Vietnam, including the followings:

- Domestic transportation cost (exclusive of fares on international transportation tickets);

- Meal and accommodation cost;

- Cost of purchase of goods;

- Cost of Sightseeing, leisure, entertainment, cultural and sports activities;

- Medical cost;

- Other spending in Vietnam.

Calculation formula:

Average expenditure per an international visitor  

=

Total expenditure of all respondents

Total number of respondents

 

Average day expenditure per an international visitor 

=

Total expenditure of all survey visitors

Total number of survey visitors

 

Total expenditure of international visitors

=

Average expenditure per an international visitor to Vietnam

x

Total number of international visitors to Vietnam

2. Major classifications

- Nationality;

- Expenditure type.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data source: Survey of expenditure of international visitors to Vietnam.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

1708. Domestic visitor expenditure

1. Definition and calculation methodology

This refers to all monies spent by domestic visitors or group tour representatives during their trips and stays at destination sites. For the purpose of this indicator, destination sites are broadly defined as all of places visited during a trip.

Domestic visitor expenditure divided into 3 major groups refers to expenses for pre-trip, during-trip (expenses arising during the period of a trip and stay at destination sites) and post-trip (expenses related to a visitor's trip in his/her resident country which are incurred after his/her return from such trip) activities, including:

Expenses which are necessary for pre-trip activities (also called pre-trip cost);

Expenses which newly arise during the period of trip and stay at destination sites (also called during-trip cost);

Expenses which arise at a visitor’s residence after his/her return from his/her trip (also called after-trip cost);

Calculation formula:

Average day expenditure per a domestic visitor

=

Total expenditure of all survey domestic visitors

Total number of days spent by survey domestic visitors

 

Average expenditure per a domestic visitor

=

Total expenditure of all survey domestic visitors

Total number of survey domestic visitors

 

Total domestic visitor expenditure

=

Average expenditure per a domestic visitor

x

Total number of domestic visitors in a given survey period

2. Major classifications

- Spending type;

- Transport unit;

- Purpose;

- Profession;

- Age and sex;

- Type of accommodation establishment;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- Survey of households for collection of tourism information;

- National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal investigator: The General Statistics Office;

- Collaborator: The Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism.

 

18. Living standards of household residents

1801. Human development index (HDI)

1. Definition and calculation methodology

This indicator is defined as a composite measure reflecting development of human beings in such dimensions as health (represented as life expectancy at birth), knowledge (represented as education index) and income (represented as gross national income per capita).

The value of HDI index ranges from 0 to 1. The closer to 1 the HDI value score, the higher level of human development; Conversely, the closer to 0 the HDI value score, the lower level of human development.

HDI is calculated according to the formula:

HDI = (Ihealth x Ieducation x Iincome)I/3

Where:

- Ihealth: Index of average life expectancy at birth;

- Ieducation: Index of education calculated by the simple geometric average of mean years of schooling index and expected years of schooling index;

+ Mean years of schooling is calculated as the total number of years of education received by population aged 25 and older divided by total population aged 25 and older.

+ Expected years of schooling is a calculation of the number of years that a child aged 5 and older is expected to spend in schools during their whole life. It is based on an assumption that the probability of his or her being enrolled in school at any particular age is equal to the current enrollment ratio for that age.

Calculation formula:

+ ∑I = level of education

Etunknown

Ptage of level of education l/

:Expected years of schooling of population of age ranging from a to t;

:Number of people currently enrolling in age-specific schooling grade (of which, i = a, a+1,..n) in the school year t; n denotes the theoretical upper age-limit of schooling;

:Population of stipulated school age in the school year t. Age of level 1 denotes the total school age population of that level in accordance with given regulations; 

Dl : Theoretical duration of level 1 in accordance with given regulations.

- Iincome – Gross national income per capita based on purchasing power parity (PPP – USD).

The aforesaid indices of components are measured according to the following overall formula:

Index value

=

Actual value - Minimum value

Maximum value - Minimum value

In particular, Iincome is calculated according to the formula:

Iincome

=

ln(actual value) – ln(minimum value)

ln(maximum value) – ln(minimum value)

2. Release period: Annual.

3. Data sources

- Population and housing census;

- Mid-year population and housing survey;

- Annual population change and family planning survey;

- Survey of living standards of Vietnamese population;

- Statistics of national accounts;

- International comparison program (ICP).

4. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

1802. Poverty rate

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Poverty rate is the percent ratio of the number of people or households whose average income (or expense) falls below the poverty line to total population or household being studied.

Calculation formula:

Poverty rate (%)

=

Number of study people (households) being studied whose average income (or expense) per capita falls below the poverty line

x 100

Number of people (households) being studied

The poverty line is the average level of income (or expense) used for determining poor people or households.  People or households whose average income (or expense) per capita falls below the poverty line are considered poor ones. 

The poverty line equal to food poverty line plus a minimum level of expenses on non-food items, including houses, clothes, household appliances, and articles for educational, entertainment, medical, transport and telecommunications purposes, etc.

Food poverty line refers to value of a basket of food items necessary for a ration of 2,100 Kcal per person per day.

2. Major classifications

- Major classifications: Kinh, Chinese or other ethnic group;

- Urban/ rural;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

2. Release period: Annual.

4. Data source: Survey of living standards of Vietnamese population.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

1803. Inequality coefficient for income distribution (Gini coefficient)

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Gini coefficient (G) is calculated on the basis of the Lorenz curve which is created by 2 components such as the cumulative proportion of income of population and cumulative proportion of that population.

Gini coefficient is calculated by dividing value of area A (created by the Lorenz curve and the 45-degree straight line from the origin) by aggregated area A+B (defined as area of the right-angled triangle below that 45-degree straight line).

Calculation formula:

Where:

Fi – Proportion of population cumulated to ith person;

Yi – Proportion of income cumulated to income of ith person.

When the Lorenz curve coincides with the 45-degree straight line (line of perfect equality), the Gini coefficient becomes 0 (since area A is 0) in which case there is the absolutely equal distribution of income among members in the society and the income is identical across them. When the Lorenz curve coincides with the horizontal axis, the Gini coefficient becomes 1 (since area B is 0) in which case distribution of income among members in the society is absolutely unequal and a single member receives total income of the whole society. The value of Gini coefficient ranges from 0 to 1. The closer the Gini coefficient is to 1, the greater the degree of income inequality among population.

The Gini coefficient acquires exact value when it is calculated on the basis of average income data collected from specific inhabitants. However, based on computational availability and convenience, the Gini coefficient may be calculated on the basis of data on average income per capita by group of inhabitants. Value of the Gini coefficient by group of inhabitants is lower than value of the Gini coefficient by specific inhabitants. The greater the number of groups of inhabitants, the more accurate the Gini value.

2. Major classifications: Urban/rural.

3. Release period: Biennial.

4. Data source: Survey of living standards of Vietnamese population.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

1804. Percentage of city dwellers provided with clean drinking water through the centralized water supply system

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Percentage of city dwellers provided with clean drinking water refers to the percent ratio of city-dwelling population provided with clean water to total city-dwelling population.

Calculation formula:

Percentage of city-dwelling population provided with clean drinking water (%)

=

City-dwelling population provided with clean drinking water

x 100

Total city-dwelling population

Clean drinking water is tap water produced by water treatment plants and provided for inhabitants, and meets the Ministry of Construction’s regulatory standards.

City-dwelling population refers to all inhabitants living in 5-class through special-class cities.

2. Major classifications: Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- Survey of indicators relating to urban technical infrastructure;

- National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The Ministry of Construction.

 

1805. Percentage of population having access to and using improved water source

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Percentage of population having access to and using improved water source refers to the percent ratio of population having access to and using improved water source to total population.

Calculation formula:

Percentage of population having access to and using improved water source (%)

=

Population (falling within the scope of study) having access to and using improved water source

x 100

Total population (falling within the scope of study)

Improved water source refers to water used directly or after undergoing the filtration process in conformance to required quality standards such as having colorless, tasteless and odorless properties, and not containing any ingredient that may harm human health, and can be used for drinking and cooking purposes after being boiled, as well as other visual requirements as follows:

- Protected dug wells: Lying at least 10 meters away from toilets, livestock farming facilities or other pollution sources; having the 0.6-meter headwall constructed with bricks or stones, or lowering buses or casings to the depth of 3 meters from the ground level; paving the land surface around the well with watertight concrete sheets, bricks and stones. 

- Protected bored or drilled wells: Lying at least 10 meters away from toilets, livestock farming facilities or other pollution sources; paving the land surface around the well with watertight concrete sheets, bricks and stones.

- Other improved water sources: Stream or surface water which is not contaminated by human and animal excreta, chemicals, pesticides or waste substances discharged from industrial facilities or trade villages; rainwater collected or harvested from brick, galvanized iron or concrete roof (after an amount of dirty rainwater has been drained away) and stored in containers, tanks or cisterns which are cleaned before being used as catchment; spring water defined as groundwater coming to the surface from cracks or fractures of rock or earth sloped formations and being not contaminated by human and animal excreta, chemicals, pesticides or waste substances discharged from industrial facilities or trade villages.      

2. Major classifications: Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Biennial, or in the year when the population and housing census takes place.

4. Data sources

- Population and housing census;

- Survey of living standards of Vietnamese population.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

1806. Percentage of population using improved sanitation facilities

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Percentage of population using improved sanitation facilities refers to the percent ratio of households having access to toilets or latrines conforming to sanitation standards to total number of households in a specified year.

Calculation formula:

Percentage of population using improved sanitation facilities (%)

=

Number of households being studied that use improved sanitation facilities

x 100

Total number of households being studied

Improved sanitation latrines or toilets must meet standards such as preventing land surface, surface and ground water from any contamination, controlling the problems of flies, mosquitoes and smell, dealing successfully with poor aesthetic condition, and hindering domesticated animals from contact with feces.

2. Major classifications

- Urban/ rural;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Biennial.

4. Data source: Survey of living standards of Vietnamese population.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The General Statistics Office.

 

19. Social order, safety and criminal justice

1901. Number of traffic accidents; number of deaths or injuries from traffic accidents

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Traffic accident refers to any sudden and unexpected event that occurs when traffic participants, who are operating on public or specialized traffic systems or within public traffic territories (also called roadway, railway, waterway and airway networks), violate traffic safety rules due to their negligence or sudden encounter with unexpected circumstances and incidents to which timely response is not given, and cause certain harm to human life, health or property.

Single or successive multiple collisions between traffic participants at a certain time is considered as a traffic accident case. A traffic accident case happens to single or multiple traffic accidents.

Traffic accidents result in personal and property damage. The number of people involved in traffic accidents includes the number of people injured or deaths due to traffic accidents.

The number of deaths due to traffic accidents includes the total number of people who die in traffic accidents.

Injured people refer to those whose physical, mental activity conditions and normal lives are directly impacted by traffic accidents. People suffering from nervous shocks or psychological disorder problems resulted from traffic accidents in which they and their families have been involved make up the number of injuries.

The number of injuries due to traffic accidents includes the total number of people with traffic accident injuries that require medical treatment.

2. Major classifications

- Accident type (roadway/railway/waterway);

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Monthly, biannual, annual.

4. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The Ministry of Public Security.

 

1902. Number of fire, explosion occurrences and level of damage

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Fire and explosion is defined as cases of unexpected and out-of-control fires or explosions occurring at residential zones or establishments, including forest fires and transport equipment fires, which cause personal and property damage as well as environmental impacts. Fire or explosion occurring one time is called one case of fire or explosion.

Damage caused by a fire or explosion include personal damage (death or injury) and property damage (destruction or malfunction) measured at current prices.

2. Major classifications

- Fire and/or explosion type;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Monthly, quarterly, biannual, annual.

4. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The Ministry of Public Security.

 

1903. Number of criminal cases and suspects referred to criminal investigations

1. Definition and calculation methodology

The number of criminal cases referred to criminal investigations represents the number of cases involving crimes subject to the decision to investigate criminal cases issued by competent authorities.    

The number of criminal suspects referred to criminal investigations represents the number of persons or legal entities subject to the decision to initiate criminal proceedings issued by competent authorities.   

- Rules for determining crimes:

+ If a criminal case involves multiple crimes, the most serious crime committed in that case (of suspects at the beginning of statistical season) is counted as the basis for statistics on crimes committed in criminal cases;

+ If a suspect is prosecuted for his/her multiple crimes committed in the same criminal case, the most serious crime committed in that case is counted as the basis for statistics on crimes committed in cases;

+ In these cases, if the said crimes have the same level of seriousness, statistics on crimes committed in criminal cases is based on the crimes mentioned in the smallest-numbered Article of the Penal Code.

2. Major classifications

- Crime;

- The number of suspects further classified by natural/legal entities; if a suspect is a natural entity, this indicator is classified by sex and age group;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Biannual, annual.

4. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The Supreme People’s Procuracy.

 

1904. Number of criminal cases and defendants referred to criminal prosecutions

1. Definition and calculation methodology

The number of criminal cases referred to criminal prosecutions represents the number of criminal cases that People’s Procuracies have decided to bring in Courts by filing indictments or prosecution decisions.

The number of criminal defendants referred to criminal prosecutions represents the number of criminal suspects that People’s Procuracies have decided to prosecute in Courts by filing indictments or prosecution decisions.

Rules for determining crimes:

+ If a criminal case involves multiple crimes, the most serious crime committed in that case (of suspects at the beginning of statistical season) is the basis for statistics on crimes committed in cases;

+ If a defendant is prosecuted for his/her multiple crimes committed in the same criminal case, the most serious crime committed in that case is the basis for statistics on crimes committed in cases;

+ In these cases, if the said crimes have the same level of seriousness, statistics on crimes committed in criminal cases is based on the crimes mentioned in the smallest-numbered Article of the Penal Code.

2. Major classifications

- Crime;

- The number of criminal defendants classified by natural/legal entities; if a suspect is a natural entity, this indicator is classified by sex and age group;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Biannual, annual.

4. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The Supreme People’s Procuracy.

 

1905. The number of criminal cases ended in convictions and criminal defendants convicted

1. Definition and calculation methodology

The number of criminal cases ended in convictions and defendants convicted refers to the number of criminal cases tried and ended in convictions, and the number of defendants tried and convicted, by People's Courts of first instance. 

2. Major classifications

- Crime/offence group: According to Chapters in the Penal Code;

- The number of defendants further classified by sex and age group;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The Supreme People’s Court.

 

1906. Percentage of population aged 15 years and older affected by violence

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Violence means any willful act which either results in or has a high likelihood of resulting in physical, psychological and sexual harm or suffering to other persons.

Scope of this indicator includes citizens aged fifteen years and older who are victims of violent acts, regardless of violence inflicted on families or society.

Calculation formula:

Percentage of population aged 15 years and older affected by violence (%)

=

The number of persons aged 15 years and older affected by violence within a given statistics period

x 100

Average population aged 15 years and older within the same period

2. Major classifications

- Urban/ rural;

- Sex;

- Violence type;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Decennial.

4. Data sources: Statistical survey.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal investigator: The General Statistics Office;

- Collaborator: The Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism.

 

1907. Number of visits paid by people to receive legal aid

1. Definition and calculation methodology

The number of visits paid by people to receive legal aid is the number of times people having access to legal aid are provided with free-of-charge legal services in accordance with laws and regulations on legal assistance.

People eligible for free-of-charge legal services are those listed below:

+ Poor people who are defined as those living below the property line in accordance with laws and regulations;

+ Persons rendering meritorious revolutionary services who are defined as those participating in revolutionary activities before the General Insurrection taking place on August 19, 1945; Vietnamese heroic mothers; heroes of the People’s Armed Forces, heroes of labor; wounded soldiers, people treated as wounded soldiers; diseased soldiers; partisans infected with toxic chemicals; people involved in revolutionary and resistance activities who were sentenced and exiled by enemies; people who participated in the struggle for the national liberation, defence and performing international duties; people recognized as giving revolutionary support; natural fathers, mothers, wives and husbands of martyrs; sons or daughters of martyrs; people recognized as looking after martyrs;   

+ Elderly people eligible for legal aid who are defined as those reaching 60 years of age and over, and living without family and living alone;

+ Disabled people eligible for legal aid who are defined as people suffering loss of one or more bodily organs or functional impairments represented in different disability forms which cause difficulty in labor, life and learning activities, or those infected with toxic chemicals and HIV without family care;

+ Children eligible for legal aid who are defined as those aged under 16 years old and living without family care;

+ Minority people who permanently reside in regions facing extreme socio-economic difficulties as stipulated by laws;

+ Victims defined by legislation and Law on Prevention and Control of Human Trafficking;

+ Other people eligible to have access to legal aid as defined in international treaties to which the Socialist Republic of Vietnam is a party.

Calculation method:

In a given reporting period, one person provided with free-of-charge legal services for 01 issue or matter is counted as 01 time (i.e. 01 visit), and 02 times (i.e. 02 visits) for 02 issues or matters.

In a given reporting period, one person provided with free-of-charge legal services 02 times per 01 issue or matter is counted as 01 visit per person having access to legal aid.

If one person belongs to more than one group of people as classified above, this statistical indicator only counts beneficiaries of legal aid who keep required documents proving their eligibility and provide them as first submissions for filing purposes.

In particular, if a person provided with legal aid is both a poor and minority one, statistical data thereof shall be input into the column of both poor and minority people, but shall not do that for the separate columns of either poor or minority people. 

If a person provided with legal aid belongs to a particular group of people (those who are victims of domestic violence or sexual abuse), they are classified into both people eligible for legal aid and particular people eligible for legal aid for statistical purposes.

Particular people eligible for legal aid refer to those meeting both of 2 requirements:

- People eligible to have access to legal aid who are defined in laws on legal assistance;

- Victims of family and domestic violence, or victims of sexual abuse.

Victims of family and domestic who are victims directly affected by family and domestic violent acts referred to in Article 2 of the Law on prevention and control of family and domestic violence.

Victims of sexual abuse who are victims affected by sexual abuse acts referred to in Article 141 through Article 147 of the Penal Code.

2. Major classifications

- People eligible to have access to legal aid;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The Ministry of Justice.

 

1908. Results of civil judgment enforcement

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Results of civil judgment enforcement measure the actual performance outcomes of a civil judgment enforcement agency in enforcement of court verdicts or judgments which have already entered into force. Results of civil judgement enforcement mean the number of cases, amounts of money gained from cases in which civil judgments have been fully enforced in a given statistics period (this period will start from September 31 to October 1 in the following year in order to ensure consistency with data and statistics period assigned by the Government that sends the annual statistical report to the National Assembly). 

The number of cases in which civil judgements are fully enforced includes cases in which law enforcers have fully implemented judgements, suspended all of the rights and obligations arising in decisions to enforce judgments, or cases in which a part of rights and obligations arising in judgments has been implemented but the remaining part thereof have been entrusted (since civil judgement enforcement agency acts as the fiduciary of this entrusted part, it must reflect these cases as new ones in its statistical report), suspended, mitigated and eliminated from procedures for enforcement of civil judgements.   

With respect to cases in which monetary amounts and property have already been collected by civil judgment enforcement agency which has then informed judgement creditors and prepared payment notes sent along with these amounts by post by reason of their failure to contact it to claim possession thereof, or has deposited these amounts in banks and prepared separate logbooks thereof by reason of its failure to identify recipients’ addresses, or has had these amounts or property handled by proper competent authorities in accordance with laws, they are considered as those in which civil judgements have been fully enforced.    

Paid civil judgement amounts refer to the sums (including cash and property converted into cash) that law enforcers have been obtained (collected, paid in the state budget and paid to judgement creditors as referred to in civil judgement enforcement decisions), or civil judgment suspension and mitigation sums.  

With respect to monetary amounts and property already been collected by civil judgment enforcement agency which has then informed judgement creditors and prepared payment notes sent along with these amounts by post by reason of their failure to contact it to claim possession thereof, or has deposited these amounts in banks and prepared separate logbooks thereof by reason of its failure to identify recipients’ addresses, or has had these amounts or property handled by proper competent authorities in accordance with laws, they are considered as paid civil judgement amounts.   

Calculation formula:

Percentage of cases (concerning…) in which judgements have been fully enforced (%)

=

The number of cases in which judgments have been fully enforced + the number of cases in which judgments have been suspended

x 100

The total number of cases in which judgements are enforceable

 (Where the total number of cases in which judgements are enforceable = the total number of cases in which judgements have to be enforced – the number of cases in which judgements have yet to be enforceable)

Percentage of cases in which monetary judgements have been fully enforced (%)

=

Paid civil judgement amounts + Civil judgement suspension amounts + Civil judgement mitigation amounts 

x 100

Total enforceable judgement sum

 (Where the total enforceable judgement sum = Total judgement sum payable – Total unenforceable judgement sum)

2. Major classifications

- Civil judgment enforcement agency (Directorate of Civil Judgement Enforcement, Department of Civil Judgement Enforcement and Subdepartment of Civil Judgement Enforcement);

- Case.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The Ministry of Justice.

 

20. Environmental protection

2001. Current forest area

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Current forest area refers to area of land, in a given observation time, covered by ecological systems consisting of forest flora, fauna, microorganisms, soils and other environmental components.

Current forest cover refers to area  main components including forest crops like timber, bamboos, neohouzeaua bamboos and white bamboos, etc., or particular plant system, and having shade area of at least 10% of total forest area, including forest cultivated and naturally grown on production, protection and special-use forest land.

a) Production forest area is cultivated area of forest used for forest production purposes in accordance with laws on forest protection and development. Production forest area is detailed in the forest plan to serve the purpose of production of wood, timber logs, paper materials and other products incidental to production and life activities.

b) Protection forest area is area of forest cultivated as upstream, soil and ecological environment protection forests which are planned to provide benefits such as water retention, flood, erosion control, climate conditioning, wind, sand resistance for protection of irrigation structures, hydropower plants, production and human life activities in accordance with laws on forest protection and development.

c) Special-use forest area is area of forest mostly used for such purposes as scientific researches, experiments, natural conservation, standard specimens of national forest ecosystems, forest genetic resources, protection of historical, cultural monuments and scenic landscapes, protective functions, and contribution towards environmental protection, in accordance with laws on forest protection and development. Special-use forest consists of:

- National forest defined as a natural region which is established to provide long-lasting protection for one or more ecosystems and meets the following requirements:

+ Encompass standard specimens of basic ecosystems which remain intact or less impacted by humans, and forests that have high cultural and tourism value;

+ Have adequate space to accommodate one or more ecosystems, and are not subjected to any change inflicted by human adverse impacts;

+ Have at least 70% of spatial coverage of ecosystem to be conserved;

+ Have relatively convenient traffic conditions.

- Nature conserve (also called nature reserve and species conservation area) defined as a natural region which is established to ensure that natural succession occurs and meets the following requirements:   

+ Have a reserve of natural resources and high biodiversity value;

+ Have high value with respect to the science, education and tourism field;

+ Have endemic plant and animal species, or provide habitats, shelters and food for precious and rare wild animals;

+ Have sufficient space for one or more ecosystems with more than 70% of spatial coverage of ecosystem to be conserved.

- Cultural- historical – environmental forest defined as a region including one or more landscapes that have typical aesthetic, cultural and historical value to serve cultural, tourism or research purposes, including:

+ Forests with beautiful scenes lying inland, along the seashore or on islands;

+ Forests with cultural and historical monuments which have been officially ranked.

2. Major classifications

- Forest type (classified by planting purposes);

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- Forest inventory;

- National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development.

 

2002. Protected forest area

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Protected forest area refers to forest area authorized of which good management, protection and operation are authorized from the Government in order to prevent forest-damaging elements such as encroachment for farming production and illegal hunting purposes.  

Protected forest area comprises area of production, protection and special-use forests of which management and protection are authorized to forest owners as of a specified time period.

2. Major classifications

a) For a period of 6 months, it is classified by forest types.

b) For a period of a year, it is classified by:

- Forest type;

- Economic activity;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Biannual, annual.

4. Data sources

- Forest inventory;

- National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development.

 

2003. Forest cover

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Forest cover refers to the percent ratio of current forest area to natural land area nationwide, or in a territory or administrative subdivision during a specified time period.

Calculation formula:

Forest cover (%) =

Where:

- Shcr denotes current forest area;

- Stn denotes total natural land area.

2. Major classifications

- Forest type (classified by planting purposes);

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources

- Forest inventory;

- National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development.

 

2004. Number of natural hazard events and level of injury

1. Definition and content

Natural hazard event refer to a disaster caused by natural forces such as storms, floods, inundations, tornadoes, earthquakes, landslides, flood-tides, salinity intrusion, tsunamis, volcanoes, lightning strikes, hails, frosts, extreme heat, droughts, etc.

Number of natural hazard events refers to total natural disasters that happen within a given reporting period and cause certain impacts on different geographical regions. 

Level of injury includes level of harm or damage to humans and property caused by natural hazards. Injuries to humans include the number of dead, missed and wounded people; injury to property is estimated by calculation of total cash value of property subject to damage caused by natural hazards.

2. Major classifications

- Type of natural hazard;

- Region;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Monthly, annual.

4. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation: The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development.

 

2005. Coverage proportion of nature reserves

1. Definition and calculation methodology

This refers to coverage proportion of recognized terrestrial nature reserve (including national forests, nature reserves, species – biosphere reserves and protected landscape areas) situated within the territory of centrally-affiliated cities and provinces.

This is calculated as the coverage proportion in percent of recognized terrestrial nature reserve (including national forests, nature reserves, species – biosphere reserves and protected landscape areas) to total natural land area within the territory of centrally-affiliated cities or provinces.

Calculation formula:

Coverage proportion of nature reserves (%)

=

Total coverage area of recognized nature reserves situated within centrally-governed cities and provinces

x 100

Total natural land area of centrally-governed cities and provinces

2. Major classifications: Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Quinquennial.

4. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory entities responsible for data collection and aggregation: The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment.

 

2006. Area of degraded land

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Degraded land refers to any land of which intrinsic characteristics and attributes have been changed (in an adverse manner) due to effects of natural and human conditions.

Degradation is likely to cause impacts on land of all kinds such as production, forestry, aquacultural, unused flat, mountainous and hilly land.

Degraded land includes land subject to drought and desertification; uncultivated and abandoned land; slumped land; land subject to topsoil, literite concretion; land subject to compaction and crusting; land subject to soil pollution; eroded land; flooded land, salinized and alkalized land.

Calculation formula:

Total area of degraded land

=

Area of land subject to light degradation

+

Area of land subject to moderate degradation

+

Area of land subject to severe degradation

Classification of land degradation severity (severe, moderate and light) conforms to technical regulations on survey of land degradation adopted by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment.

2. Major classifications

- Degradation form;

- Land type (land used for agricultural, forestry and aquacultural production and unused flat, mountainous, hilly and sloped land);

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Quinquennial.

4. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory entities responsible for data collection and aggregation: The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment.

 

2007. Proportion of hazardous wastes which have been treated

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Wastes refer to any substance which is discharged from production, business, service or daily routine and other activities.

Hazardous wastes refer to wastes having toxic, radioactive, inflammable, explosive, corrosive, poisonous or other hazardous attributes.

Proportion of hazardous wastes which have been treated refers to the percent ratio of hazardous wastes which have already undergone treatment processes (including recycling, co-processing and recovery of energy generated from hazardous wastes) conformable to national regulations to total discharge volume of hazardous wastes.

The higher this proportion, the more efficient environmental protection, and vice versa. 

2. Major classifications

- Existence state of hazardous waste: solid/liquid/gas;

- Centrally-governed province/ city.

3. Release period: Annual.

4. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal investigator: The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment;

- Collaborator: The Ministry of Industry and Trade; the Ministry of Science and Technology.

 

2008. Greenhouse gas emissions per capita

1. Definition and calculation methodology

Greenhouse gas refers to components of the atmosphere, including natural gases and gases emitted from human activities, which absorb and emit radiation of certain wavelengths within the thermal infrared range from the Earth’s surface, atmosphere and clouds. These are contributors of greenhouse effect referring to containment of infrared radiation in the lower atmosphere by greenhouse gases absorbing radiation from the earth surface and radiating it back downward which leads to warming of lower atmospheric layer and earth surface. According to Kyoto Protocol, main greenhouse gas emissions are CO2, CH4, N2O, HFCs, PFCs, SF6.

Data on greenhouse gas emissions, converted into CO2 emissions, are compiled nationwide.

Calculation formula:

Greenhouse gas emissions per capita (cubic ton)

=

Total greenhouse gas emissions converted into CO2 emissions in a specified year (cubic ton)

Average population in that year (person)

Emission of specific greenhouse gas is calculated according to the similar formula.

2. Major classifications: Type and source of greenhouse gas emissions.

3. Release period: Biennial.

4. Data sources: National statistical reporting system.

5. Regulatory bodies responsible for data collection and aggregation

- Principal investigator: The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment;

- Collaborator: The Ministry of Planning and Investment, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, the Ministry of Construction, the Ministry of Industry and Trade, the Ministry of Transport, People’s Committees of centrally-affiliated cities and provinces.

Thuộc tính Văn bản pháp luật 97/2016/ND-CP

Loại văn bảnNghị định
Số hiệu97/2016/ND-CP
Cơ quan ban hành
Người ký
Ngày ban hành01/07/2016
Ngày hiệu lực01/07/2016
Ngày công báo...
Số công báo
Lĩnh vựcBộ máy hành chính
Tình trạng hiệu lựcCòn hiệu lực
Cập nhật4 năm trước
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            Decree 97/2016/ND-CP contents statistical indicators listed in the national statistical indicator system
            Loại văn bảnNghị định
            Số hiệu97/2016/ND-CP
            Cơ quan ban hànhChính phủ
            Người kýNguyễn Xuân Phúc
            Ngày ban hành01/07/2016
            Ngày hiệu lực01/07/2016
            Ngày công báo...
            Số công báo
            Lĩnh vựcBộ máy hành chính
            Tình trạng hiệu lựcCòn hiệu lực
            Cập nhật4 năm trước

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