Nội dung toàn văn Quyết định 453/QĐ-CTN tham gia Công ước công nhận thi hành quyết định trọng tài nước ngoài của liên hợp quốc được thông qua tại Niu-oóc ngày 10/6/58
CHỦ TỊCH NƯỚC CỘNG HOÀ XÃ HỘI CHỦ NGHĨA VIỆT NAM
CỘNG HÒA XÃ HỘI CHỦ NGHĨA VIỆT NAM
Ngày 28 tháng 7 năm 1995
CỦA CHỦ TỊCH NƯỚC SỐ 453/QĐ-CTN NGÀY 28 THÁNG 7 NĂM 1995
CHỦ TỊCH NƯỚC CỘNG HOÀ XÃ HỘI CHỦ NGHĨA VIỆT NAM
Căn cứ vào Điều 103 và Điều 106 Của hiến pháp nước cộng hoà Xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam năm 1992;
Căn cứ vào Pháp lệnh về ký kết và thực hiện Điều ước quốc tế của nước Cộng hoà Xã hội chủ nghĩa Việt Nam ngày 17 tháng 10 năm 1989;
Theo đề nghị của Chính phủ tại Tờ trình số 4250/PC ngày 02 tháng 8 năm 1994;
- Tham gia Công ước về công nhận và thi hành quyết định của trọng tài nước ngoài của Liên hợp quốc đã được thông qua tại Niu-oóc ngày 10 tháng 6 năm 1958.
- Công ước chỉ áp dụng đối với việc công nhận và cho thi hành tại Việt Nam quyết định của trọng tài nước ngoài được tuyển tại lãnh thổ quốc gia là thành viên của Công ước này. Đối với quyết định của trọng tài nước ngoài được quyền tại lãnh thổ của quốc gia chưa ký kết hoặc tham gia Công ước, Công ước được áp dụng tại Việt Nam theo nguyên tắc có đi có lại.
Sẽ chỉ áp dụng Công ước đối với tranh chấp phát sinh từ các quan hệ pháp luật thương mại.
Mọi việc giải thích Công ước trước Toà án hoặc cơ quan có thẩm quyền của Việt Nam phải theo quy định của Hiến pháp và pháp luật Việt Nam.
- Bộ trưởng Bộ Ngoại giao có trách nhiệm làm thủ tục đối ngoại về việc tham gia Công ước này theo quy định tại Điều 1 và Điều 2, và thông báo cho các cơ quan hữu quan ngày bắt đầu có hiệu lực của Công ước.
- Thủ tướng Chính phủ, Chủ nhiệm Văn phòng Chủ tịch nước chịu trách nhiệm thi hành Quyết định này.
THE NEW YORK CONVENTIONON THE RECOGNITION AND ENFORCEMENT OF FOREIGN
ARBITRAL AWARDS (JUNE 10, 1958)
This Convention shall apply to the recognition and enforcement of arbitral awards made in the territory of a State other than the State where the recognition and enforcement of such awards are sought, and arising out of differences between persons. Whether physical or legal. It shall also apply to arbitral awards not considered as domestic awards in the State where their recognition and enforcement are sought.
2. The term "arbitral awards" shall include not only awards made by arbitrators appointed for each case but also those made by permanent arbitral bodies to which the parties have submitted.
3. When signing, ratifying or acceding to this Convention, or notifying extension under article X hereof, any State may on the basis of reciprocity declare that it will apply the Convention to the recognition and enforcement of awards made only in the territory of another Contracting State. It may also declare that it will apply the Convention only to differences arising out of legal relationships, whether contractual or not, which are considered as commercia under the national law of the State making such declaration.
1. Each Contracting State shall recognise an agreement in writing under which the parties undertake to submit to arbitration all or any differences which have arison of which may arise between them in respect of a defined legal relationship, whether contractual or not, concerning a subject-matter capable of settiement by arbitration.
2. The term "agreement in writing" shall include an arbitral clause in a contract or an arbitration agreement, signed by the parties or contained in an exchangc of letters or telegrams.
3. The court of a Contracting State, when seized of an action in a matter in respect of which theo partics have made an agreement within the meaning of this article shall, at the request of one of the parties, refer the parties to arbitration, unless it finds that the said agreement is null and void, inoperative or incapable of being performed.
Each Contracting State shall recognise arbitral awards as binding and enforee them in accordance with the rules of procedure of the territory where the award is relied upon, under the conditions laid down in the following articles. There shall not be imposed substantially more onerous conditions or higher fees or charges on the recognition or enforcement of arbitral awards to which this Convention applics than are imposed on the recognition or enforcement of domestic arbitral awards.
1. To obtain the recognition and enforcement mentioned in the preceding article, the party applying for recognition and enforcement shall, at the time of the application, supply:
(a) The duly authenticated original award of a duly certified copy thercof;
(b) The orginal agreement referred to in article II or a duly certified copy therof.
2. It the said award or agreement is not made in an official language of the country in which the award is relide upon, the party applying for recognition and enforcement of the award shall produce a translation of these documents into such language. The translation shall be certified by an official or sworn trasiator or by a diplomatic or consular agent.
1. Recognition and enforcement of the award may be refused, at the request of the party against whom it is invoked, only if that party furnishes to the competent authorty where the recognition and enforcement is sought, proof that:
(a) The parties to the agreement referred to in article II were, under the law applicable to them, under some incapacity, or the said agrecment is not valid under the law to which the parties have subjected it or, failing any indication thercon, under the law of the country where the award was made; or
(b) The party against whom the award is invoked was not given roper notice of the appointment of the arbitrator or of the arbitration proceedings or was otherwise unable to present his case; or
(c) The award deals with a difference not contemplated by or not falling within the terms of the submission to arbitration, or it contains decisions on matters beyond the scope of the submission to arbitration, provided that, if the decisions on matters submitted to arbitration can be separated from those not so submitted, that part of the award which contains decisions on matters submitted to arbitration may be recognised and enforced; of
(d) The composition of the arbitral authority or the arbitral procedure was not in aceordance with the agrcement of the parties, or, failing such agrcement, was not in accordance with the law of the country where the arbitration took place; or
(e) The award has not yet become binding on the parties, or has been set aside or suspended by a competent authority of the country in which, or under the law of which, hat award was made.
2. Recognition and enforcement of an arbitral award may also be refused if the competent nority in the country where recogntion and entorcement is sought finds that:
(a) The subject-matter of the difference is not capable of settlement by arbitration under the faw of that country; or
(b) The recognition or enforcement of the award would be contrary to the public policy of that conuntry.
If an application for the setting aside or suspension of the award has been made to competent authority referred to in article V(1) (c), the authority before which the award is sought to be relied upon may, if it considers it proper, adjourn the decision on the enforcement of the award and may also, on the application of the party claiming enforcement of the award, order the other party to give suitable security.
1. The provisions of the present Convention shall not affect the validity of multilateral or bilateral agrcements conceming the recognition and enforcement of arbitral awards entered into by the Contracting States nor deprive any interested party of any right he may have to abail himself of an arbitral award in the manner and to the extem allowed by the law or the treaties of the country where such award is sought to be relied upon.
2. The Geneva Protocol on Arbitration Clauses of 1923 and the Geneva Convention on the Execution of Foreign Arbitral Awards of 1927 shall cease to have effect between Contracting States on their becoming bound and to the extent that they become bound, by this Convention.
1. This Convention shall be open until December 31, 1958 for signature on behalf of any Member of the United Nations and also on behalf of any other State which is or hereafter becomes a member of any specialised agency of the United Nations, or which is or hereafter becomes a party to the Statute of the Intemational Court of Justice, or any other State to which an invitation has been addressed by the General Assembly of the United Nations.
2. This Convention shall be ratified and the instrument of ratification shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.
1. The Convention shall be open for accession to all States referred to in article VIII.
2. Accession shall be effected by the deposit of an instrument of accession with the Seeretary-General of the United Nations.
1. Any State may, at the time of signature, rutification or accession, declare that this Convention shall exted to all or any of the territories for the international relations of which it is responsible. Such a declaration shall take effect when the Convention enters into force for the State concemed.
2. At any time thereafter any such extension shall be made by notification addressed to the Secretary - General of the United Nations and shall take effect as from the ninetieth day after the day of receipt by the Secretary-General of the United Nations of this notification, or as from the date of entry into force of the Convention for the State concerned, whichever is the later.
3. With respect to those territories to which this Convention is not extended at the time of signature, ratification or accession, each State concemed shall consider the possibility of taking the necessary steps in order to extend the application of this Convention to such territories, subject, where necessary for constitutional reasons, to the consent of the Governments of such territories.
In the case of a federal or non-unitary State, the following provisions shall apply:
(a) With respect to those articles of this Convention that come within the legislative jurisdiction of the federal authority, the obligations of the federal Government shall to this extent be the same as those of Contracting States which are not federal States;
(b) With respect to those articles of this Convention that come within the legislative jurisdiction of constituent states or provinces which are not, under the constitutional system of the federation, bound to take legislative action, the federal Government shall bring such articles with a favorable recommendation to the notice of the appropriate authorities of constituent states or provinces at the carliest prossible moment.
(c) A federal State Party to this Convention shall, at the request of any other Contracting State transmitted through the Secretary-General of the United Nations, supply a statement of the law and practice of the federation and its constituent units in regard to any particular provision of this Convention, showing the extent to which effect has been given to that provision by legislative or other action.
1. This Convention shall come into force on the ninetieth day following the date of deposit of the third instrument of ratification or accession.
2. For cach State ratifying or acceding to this Convention after the deposit of the thirdinstrument of ratification or accession, this Convention shall enter into force on the ninetieth day afier deposit of such State of its instrument of ratification or accession.
1. Any Contracting State may denounce this Convention by a written notification to the Secretary-General of the United Nations. Denunelauon snan take enect one year atter the date of receipt of the notification by the Secretary-General.
2. Any State which has made a declaration or notification under article X may, at any time thereafier, by notification to the Secretary-General of the United Nations, declare that this Convention shall cease to extend to the territory concerned one year atter the date of the receipt of the notification by the Secretary-General.
3. This Convention shall continue to be applicable to arbitral awards in respect of which recognition or enforcement proceedings have been instituted before the denunciation takes eficet.
A Contraciting State shall not be entided to avail itself of the present Convention against other Contracting States except to the extent that it is itself bound to apply the Convention.
The Sceretary-General of the United Nations shall notify the States contemplated in artiele VIII of the following:
(a) Signatures and ratifications in accordance with article VIII;
(b) Accessions in accordance with aricle IX;
(c) Declarations and notifications under articles I, X and XI;
(d) The date upon which this Convention enters into force in accordance with article XII;
(e) Denuneiations and notifications in accordance with article XIII.
1. This Convention, of which the Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish texts shall be equally authentie, shall be deposited in the archives of the United Nations.
2. The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall transmit a certified copy of this Convention to the States contemplated in article XIII.